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Substance dualism and its rationale

HOWARD ROBINSON

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Substance dualism is the view that humans are essentially immaterial souls, and that conscious events are events in that soul. This chapter considers the arguments for and against this view. It ... More


Substance Dualism: A Non‐Cartesian Approach

E. J. Lowe

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Substance dualism in the philosophy of mind is, naturally enough, commonly thought of on a Cartesian model, according to which it is a dualism of two radically different kinds of substance, one (the ... More


The Self as an Emergent Substance

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains why traditional arguments in favour of substance dualism are avoided in this book. In their place a new argument is presented which, however, supports only a non-Cartesian ... More


Personal Identity, Time, and Purgatory

Jerry L. Walls

in Purgatory: The Logic of Total Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732296
eISBN:
9780199918492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732296.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The doctrine of purgatory raises distinctive issues of personal identity since it assumes conscious survival between death and resurrection. This survival must be sufficient to make sense of the ... More


Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This book argues for substance dualism (of soul and body) and libertarian free will. It begins with full discussions of the underlying philosophical issues (such as the criteria of identity of events ... More


Dualistic Materialism 1

Joseph Almog

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends a position that is both dualistic (recognizing the distinctness and the difference in nature between mental and physical events) and materialistic (in the sense of positing a ... More


Spirituality

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Malebranche accepted a substance dualism in which the soul has the property of “spirituality” or immateriality. In this chapter, Section 1 traces the evolution in his thought from his initial ... More


Substance Dualism

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Humans are mental substances, since the identity of a human being at a time is determined by which experiences are coexperienced at that time. Thought experiments show that it is logically possible ... More


Introduction

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Technical terms to be used in this book are introduced – substance, property, event, material object, mental property, physical property. Three views on the mind/body problem are distinguished – hard ... More


Mind–Body Dualism

Jeffrey E. Brower

in Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198714293
eISBN:
9780191782701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714293.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a novel interpretation of Aquinas’s hylomorphism in philosophy of mind. Aquinas’s views in this regard are often described as standing midway between the familiar positions of ... More


Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Tad Schmaltz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book considers in the broader context of early modern Cartesianism Malebranche's claim that consciousness of the soul yields knowledge of a nature that is radically inferior in kind to the ... More


Dualism and Doctrine

Dov Fox and Alex Stein

in Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198743095
eISBN:
9780191802980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743095.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that remnants of substance dualism or the ‘Cartesian’ theory of mind remain entrenched in legal doctrine in torts, criminal law, and constitutional criminal procedure. It contends ... More


The Ontology of E. J. Lowe’s Substance Dualism

Alexander Carruth and Sophie Gibb

in Ontology, Modality, and Mind: Themes from the Metaphysics of E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198796299
eISBN:
9780191866807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796299.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

E. J. Lowe’s model of psychophysical causation offers a way of reconciling interactive substance dualism with the causal completeness principle by denying the homogeneity of the causal relata—more ... More


Dualism and Panpsychism

Charles Taliaferro

in Panpsychism: Contemporary Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199359943
eISBN:
9780199359967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359943.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses and defends a theistic world view where there are categoreal mental-physics and body-person distinctions. There is a substantial distinction between the mental and the physical ... More


Facets of Naturalism

Anindita Niyogi Balslev

in Aham: I: The Enigma of I-consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198089513
eISBN:
9780199082575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089513.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes how the ancient Indian naturalists and modern Western naturalists share common philosophical assumptions, even though the evidence and support for their respective versions of ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


The Mental and the Physical

Kathrin Glüer

in Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195382976
eISBN:
9780190267469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195382976.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines Donald Davidson’s take on material and physical issues, particularly substance dualism and eliminative materialism, and analyses them through Davidsonian philosophy. It looks ... More


It’s Got to Be Human!

Michael Tye

in Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190278014
eISBN:
9780190278045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278014.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Historically, major intellectual figures, most notably Rene Descartes, have been committed to the claim that only humans can have experiences. Radical conservatism of this sort is a mistake. The ... More


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