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The Sigmatic Future in Archaic Latin

WOLFGANG DAVID CIRILO DE MELO

in The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209026
eISBN:
9780191706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The sigmatic future has a remarkable pattern of distribution. In main clauses only the fossilized faxō occurs, while in subordinate clauses we find forms belonging to different verbs and persons. In ... More


The Type attigās in Archaic Latin

WOLFGANG DAVID CIRILO DE MELO

in The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209026
eISBN:
9780191706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Subjunctives of the type attigās clearly have old aorist stems, but the origin of the subjunctive morpheme remains unclear. As with the other extra-paradigmatic subjunctives the meaning is always ... More


Subordinate Clauses

JAN TERJE FAARLUND

in The Syntax of Old Norse: With a survey of the inflectional morphology and a complete bibliography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199235599
eISBN:
9780191709401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235599.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter treats finite and non-finite subordinate clauses, the structure, word order, and other properties of each type. Types of finite clauses are nominal clauses, relative clauses, and ... More


The Sigmatic Subjunctive in Archaic Latin

WOLFGANG DAVID CIRILO DE MELO

in The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209026
eISBN:
9780191706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The sigmatic subjunctive (type faxim ‘I may do’) always has non-past meaning. However, its distribution patterns differ from those of the present subjunctive. While the present subjunctive is not ... More


Putting a sentence together

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

We start with a brief outline of kinds of clauses in Amazonian languages. We then turn to various techniques of putting clauses together into one sentence. Numerous Arawak, Carib and Tupí languages ... More


The Type duim in Archaic Latin

WOLFGANG DAVID CIRILO DE MELO

in The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209026
eISBN:
9780191706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Subjunctives of the type duim ‘I may give’ contain the same optative morpheme as the sigmatic faxim ‘I may do’. Similarly, they always have non-past meaning, but have peculiar restrictions of use in ... More


The Effect of Information Structure on Object Position in Old English: A Pilot Study

Ann Taylor and Susan Pintzuk

in Information Structure and Syntactic Change in the History of English

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860210
eISBN:
9780199949601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860210.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

It has often been claimed that crosslinguistically the position of DPs in the clause is influenced by information structure: given information comes early, with new information placed late. This ... More


Sentence Construction: Modification

Jeanne Fahnestock

in Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764129
eISBN:
9780199918928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764129.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Outside of the subject, verb, and object in an independent clause, everything else in a sentence is modification, the specifying detail that often carries or constrains an argument. Patterns of ... More


Not All Subjects Are Born Equal: A Look at Complex Sentence Structure

Eleni Miltsakaki

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015127
eISBN:
9780262295888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015127.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines antecedent accessibility and salience within the framework of Centering Theory, based on the traditional accessibility/salience hierarchy for referential forms. In particular, ... More


Sentences

Janet Zhiqun Xing

in Teaching and Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622097629
eISBN:
9789882207479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622097629.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses Chinese sentences which are regarded as the basic unit for studying a language. In this chapter the different sentences in Mandarin ... More


Proto-Indo-European, Greek, and primitive languages: the last 150 years

Philomen Probert

in Early Greek Relative Clauses

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 2 introduces an old debate now enjoying a considerable revival: should we expect languages spoken a few thousand years ago, such as Proto-Indo-European, to be in some sense primitive ... More


Early Greek Relative Clauses

Philomen Probert

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book contributes to an old debate now enjoying a revival: should we expect languages spoken a few thousand years ago, such as Proto-Indo-European, to be less well-equipped than modern languages ... More


Clause and sentence types

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Art of Grammar: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199683215
eISBN:
9780191764912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683215.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

The clause is the basic unit which describes an activity, a property, a state, or a relationship. Clauses can be classified according to their internal structure, including number and roles of ... More


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