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Modality, Modal Epistemology, and the Metaphysics of Consciousness

Christopher S. Hill

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Cartesian modal arguments for property dualism presuppose that facts about the essential natures of pain and other qualitative properties can be grasped a priori by merely conceiving of them or ... More


A Compositional Analysis

Michela Ippolito

in Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents an approach for analyzing subjunctive conditionals and shows how it solves the puzzles identified in Chapter 2. It accounts for the following two observations. First, simple ... More


Unifying the Two Kinds of Conditional

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Critical discussion of attempts by Davis, Stalnaker, Ellis, and Edgington to unify indicative and subjunctive conditionals within a single smooth theory. Edgington's work on this goes a long way, but ... More


. Temporal Mismatches in Subjunctive Conditionals

Michela Ippolito

in Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter focuses on the contrast between future simple past subjunctive conditionals and future past perfect subjunctive conditionals. It reviews proposals made to account for this contrast and ... More


Subjunctive Conditionals—First Steps

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Extreme realism (Lewis), and abstract realism, about worlds. Introducing an approach to subjunctive conditionals through possible worlds; use of this to explain the failure of transitivity and ... More


Foreknowledge, Causal Relations, and Subjunctive Conditionals

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is often thought that physical laws just are generalized subjunctive conditionals expressing relations between physical events. Metaphysical laws, on the other hand, seem to be more than the ... More


Forks

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Unless something to the contrary is explicitly said in a given subjunctive conditional, the closest antecedent worlds are ones that are exactly like the actual world until shortly before the time of ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Gives an inconclusive discussion of how to define ‘conditional’. Conditionals fall into two groups (here reluctantly labelled ‘indicative’ and ‘subjunctive’), though there is dispute over just where ... More


Backward Subjunctive Conditionals

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Criticism of a popular argument for refusing to allow backward subjunctives conditionals, i.e. ones whose consequent pertains to a time earlier than that of the antecedent; and of accounts of such ... More


Relating the Two Kinds of Conditional

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Presents Bennett's theory about the different kinds of bases upon which indicative conditionals may be accepted; bases that enable one to explain the antecedent, or the consequent, or some other fact ... More


Reflections on Legality

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The primacy of causal laws in subjunctive conditionals is explained. Discussion of miracles at forks, and of counter‐legal conditionals: ones about what would have been the case if some actual causal ... More


Subjunctive Conditionals and Probability

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

By Lewis's account, it may be unduly hard for subjunctive conditionals to be outright true. We could weaken them by deeming each one to be true if its antecedent makes its consequent highly probable. ... More


Introduction

Michela Ippolito

in Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This introductory chapter begins by explaining the concept of subjunctive conditionals. It then reviews some previous analyses of counterfactuals, and more generally subjunctive conditionals, that ... More


Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Michela Ippolito

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book proposes a compositional semantics for subjunctive (or would) conditionals in English that accounts for their felicity conditions and the constraints on the satisfaction of their ... More


Truth at the Actual World

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Discussion of a range of problems about subjunctive ‘If P, Q’ in cases when P is actually true and in cases when Q is actually true. The particular‐fact problem concerning subjunctives about ... More


Support Theories

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Detailed exposition and evaluation of Goodman's approach to subjunctive conditionals. The cotenability problem is shown to be an amalgam of two problems: about causal contraposition and about logical ... More


Conditional Reasoning Part II: Indicatives, Subjunctives, and the Ramsey Test

Peter Langland-Hassan

in Explaining Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198815068
eISBN:
9780191852886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815068.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The influential idea that the Ramsey test provides a proper analysis of the psychological means by which we evaluate indicative and subjunctive conditionals is explained. Several recent views have ... More


Presuppositions

Michela Ippolito

in Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter assesses whether the generalization that the presuppositions in the antecedent must be compatible with the actual world at the utterance time in simple past subjunctive conditionals but ... More


The Normative Meaning Role

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sketches ways to characterize meanings of words by ought patterns that govern acceptance of sentences with those words. The meanings of the words in a sentence combine to explain which ... More


Conclusion

Michela Ippolito

in Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents some concluding remarks and directions for future inquiries. The goal of this book has been to give a compositional analysis of would-conditionals that will explain English ... More


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