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Correct Belief

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The chapter addresses a puzzle. In an objective sense, one ought to believe all and only what’s true. This loses the normative/natural distinction, making objective oughts conceptually equivalent to ... More


Do the Right Thing: An Account of Subjective Obligation

Elinor Mason

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Vol 7

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808930
eISBN:
9780191846649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808930.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Subjective rightness (or ‘ought’ or obligation) seems to be the sense of rightness that should be action guiding where more objective senses fail. However, there is an ambiguity between strong and ... More


Objective and Subjective ‘Ought’

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an account of the truth conditions of sentences involving terms like ‘ought’. These truth conditions involve a function from worlds of evaluation to domains of worlds, and an ... More


Bootstrapping and Other Detachment Problems

Benjamin Kiesewetter

in The Normativity of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198754282
eISBN:
9780191815973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754282.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 discusses the problem that a normative understanding of structural requirements of rationality seems to allow for the detachment of unacceptable conclusions about what we ought or have ... More


The Beginnings of an Answer

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter answers the first two of the four objections from the end of Chapter 1. (1) When thinking rationally has disastrous consequences, in one sense (reflecting the ‘wrong kind of reasons’) ... More


Rationality, Reasons, and Criticism

Benjamin Kiesewetter

in The Normativity of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198754282
eISBN:
9780191815973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754282.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 elucidates why the normative question about rationality is important and why the normativity of rationality is plausible. It presents an argument to the effect that the criticizability of ... More


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