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STRUCTURED LOW RANK APPROXIMATION

Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub

in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566649
eISBN:
9780191718021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The task of retrieving useful information while maintaining the underlying physical feasibility often necessitates the search for a good structured lower rank approximation of the data matrix. This ... More


Problems

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a set of structured problems to hone the reader's skills in model building. Each problem requires the reader to draw a Bayesian network and write the posterior and joint ... More


The governance of problems: a map

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems: Puzzling, powering and participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429629
eISBN:
9781447303848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter serves a number of functions. First, it defines key concepts and conceptual distinctions used throughout the book. Second, the chapter underlines the theoretical, political, and societal ... More


Analysing policy problems: a problem-structuring approach

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems: Puzzling, powering and participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429629
eISBN:
9781447303848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter addresses the socio-cognitive aspects of problem structuring in defining political environments or task fields from the viewpoint of policy players. From this perspective, the discussion ... More


Cultures of public policy problems

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems: Puzzling, powering and participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429629
eISBN:
9781447303848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter examines the politico-cognitive aspects of problem structuring in their cultural-institutional ecology and dynamics. It constructs a culturalist theory of the socio-political contexts of ... More


Deleuze and the Adventure of Ideas

Ryan J. Johnson

in The Deleuze-Lucretius Encounter

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474416535
eISBN:
9781474430449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474416535.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with Deleuze's theory of immanent problems or ideas. Examining the ways in which the two main theorists of ideas — Plato and Kant — shape Deleuze's own theory, this chapter shows ... More


Problem-structuring dynamics and meta-governance

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems: Puzzling, powering and participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429629
eISBN:
9781447303848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter illustrates the types of policy networks and policy politics distinguished in the previous chapter through case examples. It shows that types of problem structure and policy politics ... More


Creating Cybernetic and Psychological Ramps from the Concrete to the Abstract: Examples from Multiplicative Structures

James J. Kaput

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Researchers found that mathematics is one of the most (if not the only) complicated subjects in school. As a response, scholars conducted the ETC Multiplicative Structures/Word Problems Project with ... More


A Frugal View of Cognitive Phenomenology

William S. Robinson

in Cognitive Phenomenology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199579938
eISBN:
9780191731112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579938.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Liberal views of cognitive phenomenology propose occurrent, non‐imagistic, non‐emotional, conscious understandings to account for sudden realizations, disambiguation of images or sentences, and other ... More


Public engagement and deliberative designs

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems: Puzzling, powering and participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429629
eISBN:
9781447303848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter focuses on shifts in governance as gently nudging the governance system towards more deliberative and participatory modes of problem structuring. It elaborates on the notion of ... More


Problems

Stephen K. Reed

in Cognitive Skills You Need for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529003
eISBN:
9780197529034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529003.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A general framework for solving problems begins with constructing a representation of the problem. A familiar problem should activate a schema stored in memory that provides guidance for finding a ... More


Well-Structured Biology: Numerical Taxonomy’s Epistemic Vision for Systematics

Beckett Sterner

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What does it look like when a group of scientists sets out to reenvision an entire field of biology in symbolic and formal terms? I analyze the founding and articulation of numerical taxonomy between ... More


Design

Stephen K. Reed

in Cognitive Skills You Need for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529003
eISBN:
9780197529034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529003.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many design problems are ill-structured in which the start state, the goal state, and intermediate states are incompletely specified. They do not have right or wrong answers, only better or worse ... More


Making policy analysis doable and reflexive

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems: Puzzling, powering and participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429629
eISBN:
9781447303848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

Narrowing the perspective to the puzzle aspect of problem framing and structuring, this chapter addresses the historical development of policy analysis. It shows how policy analysis had to radically ... More


Regional Dynamics of Emerging Powers: Power/Control or Leadership/Consent? 1

Varun Sahni

in International Relations Theory and South Asia: Security, Political Economy, Domestic Politics, Identities, and Images Vol. 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198069652
eISBN:
9780199082742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069652.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter seeks to relate the concepts of ‘regional power’ and ‘regional security’ to the relatively unexplored concept of ‘regional leadership’ by comparing the regional security problématiques of ... More


The Agents and Structures of Peacemaking

Leonard V. Smith

in Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199677177
eISBN:
9780191850479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199677177.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter provides a chronological overview of peacemaking after the Great War according to a constructivist interpretation of the “agent-structure problem.” Agents are simply the characters of ... More


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