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Lexical Semantics

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses a potpourri of issues concerning the concepts associated with words. It addresses the issue of lexical decomposition, showing that although traditional decomposition into ... More


Biological Internalism

Wolfram Hinzen

in Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces the tradition of biological internalism — starting in the 19th century and consistent with and complementary to Darwin's revolution — as something that current biolinguistic ... More


Neurophysiological Mechanisms

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The seventh part of this book deals with possible neurophysiological mechanisms involved in motor synergies. It starts with a discussion of the structure-function controversy in neurophysiology. ... More


Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Mark R. Sanderson and Jane V. Skelly (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Macromolecular crystallography is the study of macromolecules (proteins and nucleic acids) using X-ray crystallographic techniques in order to determine their molecular structure. The knowledge of ... More


Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Günther Dissertori, Ian G. Knowles, and Michael Schmelling

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book provides an introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interactions. It covers in full detail both the theoretical foundations and the experimental tests of the ... More


The Structure of Utility Functions

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The central result of this paper, which was published in the Review of Economic Studies 35 (1968), is the overlapping theorem, which is developed in Sect. 2 of the paper. A special‐case example given ... More


DIS experiments and data

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by covering: kinematics for fixed target and HERA collider experiments; essential features of DIS experiments and detectors; and how DIS events are selected and the raw data ... More


Extraction of parton densities

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how Parton Distribution Functions (parton momentum densities) are extracted from data. It starts with an outline of the general framework based on NLO QCD. Next, the concept of ... More


αs from scaling violations and jets at high Q2

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The advantages and disadvantages of various methods of determining the strong coupling αs from DIS data are considered including the use of moments of the measured structure functions and the ... More


System-Theoretic Approaches to Network Reconstruction

Jorge Gonçalves and Sean Warnick

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces the biochemical network, highlighting its role in managing the complexity of biochemical systems and its link to system dynamics. It describes network reconstruction and its ... More


Polarized DIS

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter concentrates on the classic measurements of nucleon spin structure made using inclusive polarized deep inelastic scattering. A short account is given of the ‘spin crisis’ — how early ... More


The Development Of QCD

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews and puts into context the experiments which lead to the formulation of QCD. Starting from the static quark model, the phenomenology of deep inelastic scattering processes is ... More


The quark-parton model

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the quark-parton model (QPM). The cross-section expressions for point-like elastic electron-quark and quasi-elastic neutrino-quark scattering are developed. The full ... More


QCD Analyses

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

While perturbative QCD deals with free quarks and gluons, experimentally, usually only multi-hadron final states are observed. This chapter focuses on how to extract information about QCD from the ... More


Network Perspective on Brain Function

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes a general framework for understanding brain function, one that addresses the relationship between brain and behavior. To do so, it first characterizes the mapping between ... More


Comparison Between Language and Music

Mireille Besson and Daniele Schön

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter summarizes the evidence from brain imaging results, noting that this field is currently in need of metanalysis of the available results to evaluate precisely this claim. A series of ... More


Temporal Structure of Intrinsic Activity

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In addition to the spatial structure discussed in the previous chapter, the chapter proposes the constitution of temporal structure by the brain’s intrinsic activity, which, as indicated, is not only ... More


The role of structure and function in the conceptualization of direction

Alexander Klippel, Thora Tenbrink, and Daniel R. Montello

in Motion Encoding in Language and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661213
eISBN:
9780191745348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661213.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter analyses a corpus of route directions given while viewing simple maps, focusing on the conceptualization of direction changes at decision points. It addresses the variability of ... More


Turbulence energy: its inertial transfer and dissipation

W. David McComb

in Homogeneous, Isotropic Turbulence: Phenomenology, Renormalization and Statistical Closures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689385
eISBN:
9780191768255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689385.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The chapter begins by stating the test problems of HIT, as (1) free of the energy spectrum decay from a specific initial value and (2) stationary turbulence which is subject to external forcing. A ... More


The origins and nature of turbulence

P. A. Davidson

in Turbulence: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198722588
eISBN:
9780191789298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722588.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

Chapter 3 discusses the origins and nature of turbulence. The emphasis is on the relationship between non-linearity and chaos and the observable properties of fully developed turbulence. Many ... More


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