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Testing Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance: LISREL Applications LISREL Applications

Thanh V. Tran

in Developing Cross Cultural Measurement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195325089
eISBN:
9780199864515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325089.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

There has been a general consensus that multigroup (sample) confirmatory factor analysis offers a strong approach to evaluate cross-cultural equivalence of measurement properties. Researchers have ... More


Crystal structures

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Neutron powder diffraction finds extensive application in the solution, and more particularly, the refinement, of crystal structures. This chapter reviews the tools (space group symmetry, ... More


Introduction to diffraction

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This introductory chapter provides information on some fundamental aspects of crystal structures and their diffraction of X-rays as a basis for the rest of the book. It describes electrons, atoms, ... More


QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION OF THE DIFFRACTION BY APERIODIC CRYSTALS

Sander Van Smaalen

in Incommensurate Crystallography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570820
eISBN:
9780191718762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570820.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter presents the quantitative analysis of the intensities of Bragg reflections of incommensurately modulated crystals and composite crystals. The observed structure factor is introduced in ... More


Magnetic structures

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a brief description of the very wide variety of magnetically ordered structures, both commensurate (with crystal structure) and incommensurate. The concepts of magnetic ... More


Theory – the bare essentials

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the properties of thermal neutrons. Their wavelength (from the de Broglie equation) is well suited to the investigation of condensed matter, i.e., to the study of liquids, ... More


The contents of the unit cell

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses the underlying principles X-ray scattering by a distribution of electrons. The theory is then extended to the diffraction of X-rays by an infinite lattice of molecular motifs ... More


SYMMETRY OF MODULATED CRYSTALS

Sander Van Smaalen

in Incommensurate Crystallography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570820
eISBN:
9780191718762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570820.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter gives a comprehensive account of the symmetry of incommensurately modulated crystals. Diffraction symmetry is shown to be given by a crystallographic point group as it is known from the ... More


Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This is the first textbook describing crystal structure determination (especially inorganic) from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron diffraction (ED). The ... More


MODULATED CRYSTALS IN SUPERSPACE

Sander Van Smaalen

in Incommensurate Crystallography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570820
eISBN:
9780191718762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570820.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces the superspace theory for the description of the crystal structures of incommensurately modulated crystals. Two alternative constructions of superspace are presented. In ... More


STRUCTURE FACTOR

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter the theory of the static structure factor, which is closely related to the underlying fluid structure, is described. Different methods of calculating this quantity are presented, ... More


Diffuse scattering – thermal, short-range order, gaseous, liquid, and amorphous scattering

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with diffuse scattering attributable to departures from perfect crystallinity and from gaseous, liquid, or amorphous states. First, the way in which thermal vibration of atoms ... More


Crystal structure factors and symmetry

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The structure factors, with their hkl indices, amplitudes and phases are dealt with in great detail. With figures, text and formulas the physical meaning of amplitudes and phases is explained. ... More


Patterns of Victimization

Rami Benbenishty and Ron Avi Astor

in School Violence in Context: Culture, Neighborhood, Family, School, and Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195157802
eISBN:
9780199864393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157802.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter explores two aspects of the patterns of school victimization: firstly how the various acts of violence rank order (in terms of their frequencies), and secondly what their factor ... More


INCOMMENSURATE COMPOSITE CRYSTALS

Sander Van Smaalen

in Incommensurate Crystallography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570820
eISBN:
9780191718762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570820.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces the superspace description of the crystal structures of incommensurate composite crystals, and the characterization of their symmetry by superspace groups. The treatment ... More


Direct methods of crystal-structure determination

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Reflection phases are essential for crystal structure solution but are not available experimentally. They can be estimated from probability and other relationships derived from known or assumed ... More


Solving crystal structures from ED data

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The principles of how to solve crystal structures from electron diffraction (ED) data are described. Recording and quantification of ED data is not trivial, considering the sharp diffraction spots ... More


Phase contrast, contrast transfer function (CTF) and high‐resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM)

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Phase contrast, the contrast transfer function (CTF), kinematical scattering and the weak-phase object approximation are central concepts for image formation. The physics is described in great detail ... More


Analysis of interparticle interactions

Dmitri I. Svergun, Michel H. J. Koch, Peter A. Timmins, and Roland P. May

in Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199639533
eISBN:
9780191747731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639533.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Methods for the quantitative description of intermolecular interactions, which influence the scattering pattern through the structure factor, are introduced. The relationship between the effective ... More


THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ... More


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