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Ontic Structural Realism and the Philosophy of Physics

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines Ontic Structural Realism (OSR) and its relationship with the philosophy of physics. OSR is the view that the world has an objective modal structure that is ontologically ... More


 Selective Confirmation and the Historical Record: “Another Such Victory over the Romans”?

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The preceding chapter showed that the best remaining hope for defending realism from the challenges of history seems to lie with the strategy of “selective confirmation.” On this strategy, we defend ... More


Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More


Points, Particles, and Structural Realism

Oliver Pooley

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, whatever the interpretative difficulties of generally covariant spacetime physics are, they do not support or suggest structural realism. In particular, it shows that there ... More


From Pragmatic Realism to Structural Empiricism

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

in Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Ladyman has incorporated partial structures into his version of “structural realism” which he sees as realism's best hope in the face of the ontological perplexities presented by modern physics. On ... More


US Democracy Promotion: Realist Reflections

Randall L. Schweller

in American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240975
eISBN:
9780191598999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240973.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Offers an appraisal of the democratic peace theory from the perspective of both classical and structural realism. It argues that while democracy can ameliorate some of the causes of war cited by ... More


A defence of informational structural realism

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This final chapter defends an informational ontology, referred to as Informational Structural Realism (ISR). As a form of realism, ISR is committed to the existence of a mind-independent reality ... More


Re: Interpreting Physical Theories

Laura Ruetsche

in Interpreting Quantum Theories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199535408
eISBN:
9780191728525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535408.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter attempts to bring the foregoing foundational discussion of QM∞ to bear on issues in the philosophy of science more generally construed. Taking one lesson of the foregoing foundational ... More


Quantum Gravity Meets Structuralism: Interweaving Relations in the Foundations of Physics

Dean Rickles and Steven French

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter provides some of the technical and philosophical background to the issues discussed in this volume. Topics covered include the background, concepts and methods of quantum ... More


Structural Realism and Quantum Gravity

Tian Yu Cao

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Technically, it is very difficult to construct a tenable quantum theory of gravity. The major concern of a philosopher, however, is with having a consistent strategy to guide technical moves. If we ... More


Realism in Theory Construction

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Theoretical realism claims—against instrumentalism (Stegmüller), constructive empiricism (van Fraassen), entity realism (Hacking, Cartwright), and structural realism (Worrall)—that the theoretical ... More


Structure, Individuality, and Quantum Gravity

John Stachel

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews various interpretations of structural realism and then adopts a definition that allows both relations between things that are already individuated (‘relations between things’) ... More


Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Science represents natural phenomena by means of theories, as well as in many concrete ways by such means as pictures, graphs, table-top models, and computer simulations. This book begins with an ... More


Structural Realism and South Asian Security: Theory and Practice

Shibashis Chatterjee

in International Relations Theory and South Asia: Security, Political Economy, Domestic Politics, Identities, and Images, Vol. 2

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198070801
eISBN:
9780199082759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070801.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter analyses the major theoretical problems of neo-/structural realism, subsuming a detailed examination of its paradigmatic evolution in the areas of research on alliances and polarity, the ... More


Individuality and Non-Individuality in Quantum Mechanics

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the concepts of indistinguishability, individuality, and non-individuality in the quantum context. It is argued that the above view of particles as non-individuals is not a ... More


An Empiricist Structuralism

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.00012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The mechanization and mathematization of the world-picture in modern science has a rightful claim upon us to develop views of science that do justice to its revolutionary impact on the sciences ... More


The World in the Data

James Ladyman and Don Ross

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The paper compares Ladyman and Ross’s version of naturalized metaphysics, Rainforest Realism, with the comprehensive scientific metaphysics recently articulated by a physicist, David Deutsch. Major ... More


Epilogue: The “Geometrization of Physics” and Transcendental Idealism

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The transcendental idealist underpinnings of the geometrized field physics proposed by Hermann Weyl and by Arthur Eddington remained largely unrecognized. Èmile Meyerson was a notable exception. It ... More


“World Building”: Structuralism and Transcendental Idealism in Eddington

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how the epistemological thesis that physics can provide knowledge only of the structure of the physical world emerged in Arthur Eddington’s semi-popular, philosophical and technical ... More


The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Thomas Ryckman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (1915) was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory’s existence, two main tendencies dominated ... More


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