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The Urgent Need for Structural-Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in U.S. Latino Populations: The Case of Migrant Day Laborers

Kurt C. Organista, Paula A. Worby, James Quesada, Alex H. Kral, Rafael M. Díaz, Torsten B. Neilands, and Sonya G. Arreola

in HIV Prevention with Latinos: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199764303
eISBN:
9780199950232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter presents a structural-environmental model of alcohol-related sexual HIV risk and prevention in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs). That is, the structural vulnerability of LMDLs to HIV, ... More


Inequality, Growth, and Poverty: An Overview of Changes over the Last Two Decades

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Starts by setting the research presented in the book in historical context, and discusses its rationale and purpose. Describes the research methodology adopted and the objectives of the study, which ... More


Researching health inequalities

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the research on health inequalities in Great Britain. It explains that the Black Report had a limited impact on policy making during the 1980s and much of the 1990s but it ... More


Economic and Employment Contexts

Brian Towers

in The Representation Gap: Change and Reform in the British and American Workplace

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289463
eISBN:
9780191684715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289463.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

Several scholars have recognized that changes in industrial relations ‘systems’ account for a slow process in which both the external and internal forces of movement are tempered by other factors ... More


Constituency Organization

PATRICIA LYNCH

in The Liberal Party in Rural England 1885-1910: Radicalism and Community

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256211
eISBN:
9780191719677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256211.003.02
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter demonstrates that the Conservatives were initially much more successful than the Liberals in organizing their rural supporters. It examines three possible explanations for the Liberals' ... More


Structural factors and social regulation

Malcolm Harrison and Cathy Davis

in Housing, social policy and difference: Disability, ethnicity, gender and housing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343055
eISBN:
9781447302537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343055.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter explores the factors and features that shape choices on regulation. It begins by discussing the structural factors and oppression, and tries to explain why one favours the idea of modes ... More


Neoclassical Realism

Thomas Juneau

in Squandered Opportunity: Neoclassical Realism and Iranian Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804793056
eISBN:
9780804795081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804793056.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews the literature on neoclassical realism, and explains its evolution as well as its strengths and weaknesses. Neoclassical realists agree with other realists that power is the ... More


Explaining Algeria's transition: the international connection

Francesco Cavatorta

in The International Dimension of the Failed Algerian Transition: Democracy Betrayed?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076169
eISBN:
9781781701980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076169.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a framework of transitions to democracy that includes international variables (external shocks, direct active policies of international actors, and larger trends in the ... More


Local Motives, Global Choices

Felia Allum

in The Invisible Camorra: Neapolitan Crime Families Across Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702457
eISBN:
9781501705830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702457.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the motives for Camorra mobility. Camorristi decide when to leave and where to go in a three-stage process: first, local push factors propel them to leave Naples, then two ... More


Cross-National PerspectivesOnGender and Power: Purnima Mane and Peter Aggleton

Richard Parker, Regina Maria Barbosa, and Peter Aggleton

in Framing the Sexual Subject: The Politics of Gender, Sexuality, and Power

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520218369
eISBN:
9780520922754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520218369.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter studies prevailing gender relations, patterns and processes of sexual communication, and the capacity of the female condom to empower women in sexual “negotiations” with men. It argues ... More


Early History (1930s–1947) and the Structure of Nuclear Science, State, and Society

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond: India's Nuclear Weapons Capability

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195667547
eISBN:
9780199081790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter looks at the origins and development of the different features of Indian nuclear behaviour. It presents a summary of the approach and mental outlook of Indian scientific and political ... More


Irish, Catholic and Scouse: The History of the Liverpool-Irish, 1800-1940

John Belchem

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311079
eISBN:
9781846313363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313363
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book highlights the complex interplay of cultural and structural factors experienced by the most significant ethnic group in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century pre-multicultural Britain: ... More


Atrocities in Our Time

Alex J. Bellamy

in The Responsibility to Protect: A Defense

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198704119
eISBN:
9780191773266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704119.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines how and why mass atrocities happen. Beginning with three accounts of actual massacres, the chapter explores the structural roots of mass killing and the factors that drive ... More


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