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Resurrecting Biological Essentialism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends the doctrine that Linnaean taxa, including species, have essences that are, at least partly, underlying intrinsic, mostly genetic, properties. The consensus among philosophers of ... More


What Explains CPT Invariance and the Spin–Statistics Connection?

Jonathan Bain

in CPT Invariance and the Spin-Statistics Connection

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198728801
eISBN:
9780191795541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728801.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 5 addresses the question, “What explains CPT invariance and the spin–statistics connection (SSC)?” It first considers why we should care about explaining CPT invariance and the SSC. It then ... More


Accommodating Explanatory Pluralism

Christopher Pincock

in Explanation Beyond Causation: Philosophical Perspectives on Non-Causal Explanations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198777946
eISBN:
9780191823404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777946.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explanatory pluralism is the view that explanations come in two or more different types. This chapter clarifies two versions of explanatory pluralism and considers two very different attempts to make ... More


Poverty in rich countries

Paul Spicker

in The Poverty of Nations: A Relational Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447343325
eISBN:
9781447343363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343325.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The persistence of poverty in rich countries is something of a puzzle for those who see poverty in terms of resources; from a relational perspective, it is unsurprising. Although public discussion is ... More


The Social and the Psychological Dimensions of Ethics

Mark Fedyk

in The Social Turn in Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035569
eISBN:
9780262337151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035569.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter demonstrates that it is possible to separate the social reality of accepting and acting upon a set of moral norms from the psychological reality of doing the same. This distinction is ... More


Rational Choice and a Theory of Action

Keith Dowding

in Rational Choice and Political Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206333
eISBN:
9781529206371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206333.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter provides a simple introduction to rational choice theory as a method of analysis. It argues that the rationality assumptions provide consistency for agents, and then armed with that ... More


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