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Creditor Initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s

David Roodman

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an overview of the sovereign-debt initiatives from the last twenty-five years. It examines the programs devised by creditors, namely the World Bank and IMF, during the 1980s and ... More


Developing States and the End of the Cold War: Liberalization, Globalization, and Their Consequences

Gautam Sen

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of this chapter examines the political and economic context of change in developing countries: the two themes are the evolution of the international economy, especially since the ... More


IMF and World Bank Structural Adjustment Programs and Poverty

William Easterly (ed.)

in Managing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226155401
eISBN:
9780226155425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226155425.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the impact of the structural adjustment programs of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank on poverty reduction. It argues that structural adjustment, measured ... More


Institutional Responses to Policy Change

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Discusses policy change in the midst of markets and non‐market institutions. Accounting prices are particularly difficult to estimate in non‐market institutions because of an absence of market prices ... More


Tailoring IMF-Supported Programs to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States’ Needs: What Works?

Ermal Hitaj, Chris Lane, Paulomi Mehta, and Rima Turk

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

We consider the impact of Fund-supported programs in fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) on aid flows and what factors determine program success. Using several indicators of fragility in a ... More


Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers: Bold New Approach to Poverty Eradication or Old Wine in New Bottles?

Sarah Wamala, Ichiro Kawachi, and Besinati Phiri Mpepo

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs). PRSPs were introduced by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) in September 1999 as a new requirement for countries ... More


Mock Reforms (1984–1986)

Adams Adrian and So Jaabe

in A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201915
eISBN:
9780191675072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201915.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By the mid-1980s, the results of the first phase of Senegal's structural adjustment programme were judged unsatisfactory. A second phase was introduced, to run from 1985 to 1990; the Medium and Long ... More


A New Beginning? (1981–1984)

Adams Adrian and So Jaabe

in A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201915
eISBN:
9780191675072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201915.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Funding agencies made further aid to Senegal conditional on acceptance of World Bank and IMF (International Monetary Fund) demands. From 1979, Senegal embarked on the first phase of a structural ... More


Global Pharmaceuticals and East Africa

Nitsan Chorev

in Give and Take: Developmental Foreign Aid and the Pharmaceutical Industry in East Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197845
eISBN:
9780691198873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197845.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter traces the shift in the pharmaceutical markets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda from markets dominated by originator (brand-name) drugs produced by western companies to markets dominated ... More


Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution: Populism and Democracy in a Globalised Age

Barry Cannon

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077715
eISBN:
9781781701959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077715.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The emergence of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela has revived analysis of one of Latin America's most enduring political traditions: populism. Yet Latin America has changed since the heyday of Perón and ... More


Industrial Development in Tanzania

Jamal Msami and Samuel Wangwe

in Manufacturing Transformation: Comparative Studies of Industrial Development in Africa and Emerging Asia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198776987
eISBN:
9780191822896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776987.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Tanzania’s industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence in 1961, from nascent and undiversified to state-led import substitution industrialization, and subsequently to ... More


Interpreting Population Policy in Nigeria

Elisha P. Renne

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on population policy in Nigeria, beginning with the first Nigerian national population policy, introduced in 1988 as the “Four is Enough” campaign, and ending with the 2012 ... More


Conclusions: Transient Workspaces in Times of Crisis

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

in Transient Workspaces: Technologies of Everyday Innovation in Zimbabwe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027243
eISBN:
9780262326155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027243.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines the concept of mobility that has animated the quest for survival in the most difficult times in Zimbabwe. In 1980 the government of Robert Mugabe's party ZANU (PF) embarked on a ... More


Transition Programs: A Theory of the Scaffolding Needed to Build out of Fragility

Paul Collier

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Many of the countries that are now among the poorest are stuck in a syndrome of fragility. Social, political, and economic characteristics interact in a dysfunctional, but locally stable, ... More


Assessing the Role of the IMF in Fragile States

Charles Collyns, Kevin Kuruc, and Shinji Takagi

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter presents an assessment of the IMF’s role in countries in fragile and conflict-affected situations, drawing primarily on the findings of a recent evaluation report by the Independent ... More


Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Ralph Chami, Raphael Espinoza, and Peter J. Montiel (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Setting macroeconomic policy is especially difficult in fragile states. Political legitimacy concerns are heightened, raising issues such as who the policymakers are, what incentives move them, and ... More


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