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Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Nancy J. Rothwell (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This new edition covers recent advances in understanding immunological and inflammatory responses in the nervous system, research driven by the potential to use knowledge of the molecules and ... More


Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Nancy Rothwell and Sarah Loddick (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This new edition covers advances in understanding immunological and inflammatory responses in the nervous system, research driven by the potential to use knowledge of the molecules and mechanisms ... More


Marijuana in the Brain

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The brain makes its own marijuana. Of course, no one knew this until recently. Thus, for many thousands of years our ancestors harvested or cultivated marijuana-producing plants in order to ... More


Emerging Principles in the Learning and Generalization of New Walking Patterns

Erin V. L. Vasudevan, Amy J. Bastian, and Gelsy Torres-Oviedo

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Human locomotion is remarkably flexible. We can quickly adapt our stepping pattern to temporary changes in the environment, such as icy sidewalks or uneven terrain. Additionally, long-term ... More


Palliative Care for Non-cancer Patients

Julia Addington-Hall and Irene Higginson (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629609
eISBN:
9780191730054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629609.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

The specialty of palliative care has traditionally grown out of oncology and there has been little research into the needs of patients dying from causes other than cancer. Few non-cancer patients ... More


Articulation and Expression

Clive Brown

in Classical and Romantic Performing Practice 1750-1900

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198161653
eISBN:
9780191716263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198161653.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter examines the expressive element of articulation. It is often difficult to determine whether unmarked notes require a specific style of delivery or whether they are merely unmarked ... More


The Notation of Articulation and Phrasing

Clive Brown

in Classical and Romantic Performing Practice 1750-1900

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198161653
eISBN:
9780191716263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198161653.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter investigates the implications of individual signs for different types of articulation. The use of staccato dots and strokes is examined. Issues interrogated are whether particular ... More


Assertion

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the judgment stroke as force indicator. It then covers asserted and unasserted propositions, assertion as psychological, and psychology.


Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The brain has a remarkable ability to adapt in the event of damage — in many cases shifting responsibility for specific cognitive functions to other non-damaged brain regions. This ‘plasticity’ can ... More


Stroke

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Stroke is a leading cause of disability and mortality in the United States and other industrialized countries. This chapter discusses important issues that arise in the enumeration of stroke and how ... More


Neuronal plasticity after stroke: Evidence from animal models of postinjury recovery

Randolph J. Nudo and Ines Eisner-Janowicz

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins by reviewing the sequence of events that results in neuronal injury after stroke. It then reviews the advantages and disadvantages of various animal models used to model stroke ... More


Reprogramming surviving motor cortex after stroke

Wolf Muellbacher and Mark Hallett

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses neural remapping after a stroke with respect to maximal recovery, considering the effectiveness of current therapies, including TMS, physical therapy, pharmacological therapies ... More


Cerebral reprogramming underlying functional recovery following stroke

Nick S. Ward and Richard S. J. Frackowiak

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study reorganization following motor cortex damage resulting from a stroke. It describes high activity soon after the stroke followed ... More


Neuroglia

Helmut Kettenmann and Bruce R. Ransom (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This book details the basic biology and function of glial cells. It covers the entire field of glial research from the basic molecular and cellular properties of these cells to their involvement in ... More


Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The sixth part of the book reviews applications of the described approach to atypical and changing movements. It starts with a discussion of the notion of normality and its applicability to motor ... More


Astrocyte Injury

Christopher J. Feeney and Peter K. Stys

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0033
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

A general perception has emerged over the past two decades of research that astrocytes are relatively resistant to insults such as those caused by ischemia [oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD)], and ... More


Focal Cerebral Ischemia: The Multifaceted Role of Glial Cells

Ulrich Dirnagl and Josef Priller

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0041
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins by looking at the principal mechanisms of ischemic damage and identifies what is known about the specific contribution of glial cells. It then changes the perspective from ... More


The Stroke of Passion: Pascal and the Poets

Richard Scholar

in The Je-Ne-Sais-Quoi in Early Modern Europe: Encounters with a Certain Something

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199274406
eISBN:
9780191706448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274406.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

It is commonly said that elusive forces draw individual human beings into passionate relations with one another. This chapter identifies three tendencies towards the je-ne-sais-quoi in the realm of ... More


The neuropsychology of vascular disorders

Clive Skilbeck

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.26
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

The term ‘vascular disorders’ covers a range of conditions, including cerebrovascular disease (e.g., stroke, vascular dementia) and specific blood vessel problems, such as aneurysm with associated ... More


Clinical and laboratory examinations relevant to clinical neuropsychology

Udo Kischka

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.041
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes the methods used by clinicians to gain insight into the structure and the functions of a patient's nervous system. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are ... More


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