Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 200 items

  • Keywords: strings x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

STRING THEORY AND GAUGE THEORY

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the relationship between gauge theories and topological strings. A precise correspondence between string theory and gauge theory was formulated by 't Hooft (1974), who used as a ... More


Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Marcos Mariño

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In recent years, the old idea that gauge theories and string theories are equivalent has been implemented and developed in various ways, and there are by now various models where the string ... More


Afterword: Implications of Dōgen's Mahāyāna Worldview

Taigen Dan Leighton

in Visions of Awakening Space and Time: D=ogen and the Lotus Sutra

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195320930
eISBN:
9780199785360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320930.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This Afterword speculates about the potential implications of Dōgen's Mahāyāna worldview to contemporary 21st-century concerns. These include making parallels to modern cutting-edge physics and ... More


Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Xiao-Gang Wen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199227259
eISBN:
9780191713019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

For most of the last century, condensed matter physics has been dominated by band theory and Landau's symmetry breaking theory. In the last twenty years, however, there has been an emergence of a new ... More


Quantum Gravity: Third Edition

Claus Kiefer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199585205
eISBN:
9780191739378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585205.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is concerned with the attempts to unify Einstein's theory of general relativity and quantum theory into a theory of quantum gravity. It presents, for the first time, most of the approaches ... More


Triple Quartet (1999)

Steve Reich

in Writings on Music 1965–2000: 1965-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151152
eISBN:
9780199850044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151152.003.0063
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter presents Reich's thoughts about Triple Quartet. Triple Quartet exists in three versions: one for string quartet and pre-recorded tape, another for three string quartets (12 players), and ... More


Elgar, Introduction and Allegro for String Orchestra

David Manning

in Vaughan Williams on Music

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182392
eISBN:
9780199851485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182392.003.0099
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This work is written for the unusual combination of solo string quartet and full-string orchestra. It is very characteristic of the composer, full of unmistakeable Elgarian melody, especially the big ... More


STRING FIELD THEORY AND GAUGE THEORIES

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter shows that both Chern-Simons gauge theories and matrix models with polynomial potentials can be realized as open string theories. To show that Chern-Simons theory and matrix models with ... More


Balance on the Lute: The Role of the Strings

MIMMO PERUFFO

in The Music Room in Early Modern France and Italy: Sound, Space and Object

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265055
eISBN:
9780191754166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265055.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The lute was the instrument on which the luthiers and string-makers of the past expended the greatest effort in order to achieve the best possible acoustic balance between the instrument and its ... More


Harmonic morphisms between semi-Riemannian manifolds

Paul Baird and John C. Wood

in Harmonic Morphisms Between Riemannian Manifolds

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198503620
eISBN:
9780191708435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503620.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This final chapter discusses how the main definitions and results need to be modified in the semi-Riemannian case. In this context, harmonic maps include the strings of mathematical physics. Weakly ... More


PRELIMINARIES AND AGREEMENTS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter introduces the basic mathematical formalism and discusses concepts used throughout the book. Among other things, it looks at decision problems vs optimization problems, Random Access ... More


DEPTH-BOUNDED SEARCH TREES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents the second very basic design technique for fixed-parameter algorithms: depth-bounded search trees. It starts with simple observations and some basic definitions and facts, ... More


Classical and Romantic Performing Practice 1750-1900

Clive Brown

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198161653
eISBN:
9780191716263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198161653.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Despite the continuing interest in historically informed vocal and instrumental performance practice, the relationship between a composer's notation and the sounds it was intended to elicit remains ... More


Weber, Der Freischütz Overture

David Manning

in Vaughan Williams on Music

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182392
eISBN:
9780199851485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182392.003.0101
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Carl Maria von Weber's Der Freischütz overture is a typical product of the Teutonic romantic movement of the early nineteenth century. The story, with its wolf's glen, its flaxen-haired maidens, and ... More


Probabilistic ancestral sequences based on the Markovian model of evolution: algorithms and applications

Gina M. Cannarozzi, Adrian Schneider, and Gaston H. Gonnet

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A probabilistic sequence (PS) is a sequence in which each position instead of having a single character (amino acid, nucleotide, or codon), has a vector describing the probability of each symbol ... More


APPLICATIONS OF THE TOPOLOGICAL STRING/GAUGE THEORY CORRESPONDENCE

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter considers two applications of the topological string/gauge theory correspondence. The first application is to Chern-Simons knot and link invariants, and the second application is to ... More


TOPOLOGICAL SIGMA MODELS

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

String theory can be regarded, at the algebraic level, as a two-dimensional conformal field theory coupled to two-dimensional gravity. When the conformal field theory is also a topological field ... More


TOPOLOGICAL STRINGS

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Type-A and type-B topological sigma models are two topological field theories in two dimensions. Although they contain a lot of information in genus 0, they turn out to be trivial for g > 1. This is ... More


GEOMETRIC TRANSITIONS

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gopakumar and Vafa demonstrated in an important paper (1999) that there is a closed string theory leading to the resummations (2.179) and (2.181). The intuition behind the result of Gopakumar and ... More


Parsimony and phylogenetics in the genomic age

Victor A. Albert

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parsimony analysis (Ockham's razor) as a general method of inference has a long history, from the arguments of Copernicus against Ptolemy's heliocentric solar system, through Sir Farncis Crick's ... More


View: