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Legal Equality

Wojciech Sadurski

in Equality and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545179
eISBN:
9780191719905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545179.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The principal task for a theory of legal equality is to design a test for non-discriminatory classifications. This chapter argues that no version of a ‘per se theory’ can be satisfactory. More ... More


Equality

Jeffrey M. Shaman

in Equality and Liberty in the Golden Age of State Constitutional Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195334340
eISBN:
9780199868773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334340.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter provides an historical and theoretical overview of the conception of equality in state constitutional law. Equality is a principle that enjoys a long history in state constitutional law. ... More


IMPLICIT PROPORTIONALITY PRINCIPLES IN AMERICAN STANDARDS OF CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes the Supreme Court's general substantive standards of constitutional review. The chapter discusses the presence of implicit proportionality principles within each standard. The ... More


Credit in Life and Letters

Sarah M. S. Pearsall

in Atlantic Families: Lives and Letters in the Later Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199532995
eISBN:
9780191714443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532995.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the ways that credit was a value also inculcated by families. Credit and debt were critical to the Atlantic economy, and fathers in particular were uncomfortably aware of this ... More


The Need for Public Law Standards of Review in Investor-State Arbitrations

William Burke-White and Andreas von Staden

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

In recent years, investment arbitration has increasingly moved from its private law origins into the realm of public law adjudication, but the standards of review applied by ad hoc arbitral tribunals ... More


Colorblind Judgment

Sora Y. Han

in Letters of the Law: Race and the Fantasy of Colorblindness in American Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804789110
eISBN:
9780804795012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789110.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines and explores the formal structure of judicial review in U.S. Supreme Court cases establishing the negative right prohibiting state-enforced racial discrimination codified in the ... More


Constitutional Rights

Thomas Lundmark

in Power & Rights in US Constitutional Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195368727
eISBN:
9780199867530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368727.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Most of the constitutional rights protect only against so-called “state action”. However, case law has construed the requirement quite broadly, as discussed in this part. The levels of scrutiny refer ... More


Deriving Doctrine

Lackland H. Bloom

in Methods of Interpretation: How the Supreme Court Reads the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377118
eISBN:
9780199869510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377118.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains how the Court derives constitutional principle using examples from the areas of freedom of speech, racial discrimination, reapportionment, and abortion. It then uses two ... More


All Things in Proportion? The United States

Alec Stone Sweet and Jud Mathews

in Proportionality Balancing and Constitutional Governance: A Comparative and Global Approach

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841395
eISBN:
9780191876912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841395.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers constitutional rights doctrines of the United States in light of the global spread of proportionality. It challenges the view that proportionality is alien to the American ... More


Parenting as A Sacred Right

Jeffrey Shulman

in The Constitutional Parent: Rights, Responsibilities, and the Enfranchisement of the Child

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191899
eISBN:
9780300206746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191899.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The right to parent as a matter of constitutional law is especially tenuous. The Supreme Court has on occasion echoed the popular assumption that the right of parents to make decisions concerning the ... More


CONCLUSION

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This concluding chapter reviews the diverse standards applied by American courts when reviewing intrusive government measures, and argues that judicial review would benefit greatly from more explicit ... More


Alternate Histories of World War II; or, How the Race Concept Organizes the World

Mark C. Jerng

in Racial Worldmaking: The Power of Popular Fiction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823277759
eISBN:
9780823280544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823277759.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter analyzes Korematsu v. U.S. for the development of the legal doctrine of “strict scrutiny” and how it shapes racial perception. It then surveys alternate histories of World War II, ... More


Equal Protection

Kent Greenawalt

in Interpreting the Constitution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199756155
eISBN:
9780190297527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756155.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

As with other chapters, this one explains and defends an evolutionary expansion of the content of a constitutional provision. An odd feature about the Equal Protection Clause is that the selective ... More


Bakke, Grutter, Gratz (and Fisher)

Lackland H. Bloom

in Do Great Cases Make Bad Law?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199765881
eISBN:
9780199366903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765881.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The question of the constitutionality of the use of racial preferences in the admissions processes of institutions of higher learning gave rise to two or three great cases. In Bakke v Regents of the ... More


Conclusion

Jaime Arancibia

in Judicial Review of Commercial Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199609079
eISBN:
9780191725289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609079.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter analyzes three broader and integrated themes which further illuminate the response to the question of the intensity of judicial review in the commercial context. The first thematic point ... More


The 1944 Korematsu Supreme Court Decision

Eric K. Yamamoto

in In the Shadow of Korematsu: Democratic Liberties and National Security

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190878955
eISBN:
9780190878986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878955.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter unravels the World War II majority and dissenting opinions in Korematsu v. United States, describing the recited factual foundations of the Court’s ruling (along with the dissenters’ ... More


Racial Privacy

Anita L. Allen

in Unpopular Privacy: What Must We Hide?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195141375
eISBN:
9780199918126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141375.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, General

This chapter defends a sceptical perspective on “racial privacy,’ and explores the grounds policymakers can and should rely on for declining to coerce a form of arguably sensitive data. Informational ... More


Overview: Judging National Security and Civil Liberties Controversies

Eric K. Yamamoto

in In the Shadow of Korematsu: Democratic Liberties and National Security

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190878955
eISBN:
9780190878986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878955.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The Overview depicts the challenge of adjudicating security and liberty disputes in the shadow of Korematsu, particularly the judge’s role in reviewing government claims of “pressing public ... More


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