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 Spatial Learning and the Selectivity of Hippocampal Place Fields: Modulation by Dopamine

Kathryn M. Gill and Sheri J. Y. Mizumori

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter compares the putative mechanisms by which dopamine selectively affects learning that is thought to be mediated by functionally distinct brain regions, such as the hippocampus and dorsal ... More


 Spatial Decisions and Neuronal Activity in Hippocampal Projection Zones in Prefrontal Cortex and Striatum

Francesco P. Battaglia, Adrien Peyrache, Mehdi Khamassi, and Sidney I. Wiener

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents a brief overview of the neural representations in the rat prefrontal cortex and striatum in spatial tasks. While both structures appear to be strongly affected by position ... More


Contributions of Mesocorticolimbic Dopamine to Cognition and Executive Function

Stan B. Floresco

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents a summary of studies that have investigated the contribution of prefrontal cortex (PFC) dopamine (DA) transmission to higher-order cognition, and compares and contrasts the ... More


Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control in Humans

Roshan Cools and Mark D’Esposito

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter highlights the importance for cognitive control not only of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), but also of the striatum, which has been traditionally associated primarily with movement ... More


Functional Heterogeneity in Striatal Subregions and Neurotransmitter Systems: Implications for Understanding the Neural Substrates Underlying Appetitive Motivation and Learning

Brian A. Baldo and Matthew E. Andrzejewski

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on how advances in the study of striatal anatomy and physiology have informed our appreciation of dopamine's role in appetitive motivation, with an emphasis on studies of feeding ... More


Dynamic Templates for Neuroplasticity in the Striatum

Ann M. Graybiel

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter contends that the effects of dopamine can be viewed from the perspective of a dynamic molecular modulator of functional connectivity across the linkages that make up the brain's ... More


Dopamine Dysfunction in Schizophrenia

Anissa Abi-Dargham, Mark Slifstein, Larry Kegeles, and Marc Laruelle

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0036
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Schizophrenia presents with multiple clinical features, ranging from positive symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorder) to negative symptoms (social withdrawal, poverty of speech and ... More


The Relationship between Dopaminergic Axons and Glutamatergic Synapses in the Striatum: Structural Considerations

Jonathan Moss and J. Paul Bolam

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes data on the anatomical substrate of the interaction between both glutamatergic corticostriatal synapses and thalamostriatal synapses with dopaminergic axons and terminals in ... More


 Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control: The Role of the Striatum

Roshan Cools

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is well known to play an important role in cognitive control processing. The effects of dopaminergic drugs on cognitive control are most commonly associated with ... More


Involvement of primate orbitofrontal neurons in reward, uncertainty, and learning

Wolfram Schultz and Leon Tremblay

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews studies using neurophysiological recordings of the orbitofrontal cortex in behaving monkeys in order to understand the brain's representation of predictable future events of ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Brain-stimulation reward

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers self-stimulation of the brain, which includes the identification of reward systems in the brain, and the hypothalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, and ventral striatum.


Pharmacology of emotion, reward, and addiction; the basal ganglia

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses dopamine and reward. Addiction is explained: amphetamine, cocaine, and heroin work by activating the ventral striatum and they tap into a system normally involved in ... More


Sex

William J. Jenkins and Jill B. Becker

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of the reproductive systems and the neural systems that mediate sexual behavior, and discusses how to study sexual behavior in male and female rats. It shows that ... More


Locating and Constructing Subjective Value in the Front of the Brain

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter shows that many areas contribute specialized input to the core valuation circuits of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and the striatum. Current data identifies at least five of these ... More


Pharmacology of emotion, reward, and addiction; the basal ganglia

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The functions of dopamine in reward, reward prediction error, saliency, and addiction are described. Then the functions are described of the basal ganglia, which provide one output system for ... More


The Evolution of Cognitive Search

Thomas T. Hills and Reuven Dukas

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Search can be defined as an attempt to arrive at a goal at an unknown location in the physical environment, as well as in time, memory, or any other space. Search is necessary because the quantity ... More


Neural Bases of Actions and Habits

John P. O’Doherty and Bernard W. Balleine

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Considerable evidence suggests that the behavioral mechanisms for instrumental action selection are mediated by two distinct learning processes: a goal-directed process whereby actions are selected ... More


Thomas Willis: The Functional Organization of the Brain

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Thomas Willis was born in England twenty-five years after the birth of René Descartes. Willis can be considered the first of the new breed of medical physiologists who were more influenced by ... More


A Brain System for Procedural Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195141740
eISBN:
9780199865741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Researchers have divided procedural memory into two general types. One type involves the acquisition of habits and skills, the capacity for a very broad variety of stereotyped and unconscious ... More


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