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 Risk of Hypertensive Heart Disease: The Joint Influence of Genetic and Behavioral Factors

Kathleen C. Light, Susan S. Girdler, and Alan L. Hinderliter

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes an interdisciplinary research program that studied individual and group differences in the risk for hypertension and heart disease. The differences studied include ones ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

J. Emmett Duffy and Martin Thiel (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding of animal social and sexual evolution has seen a renaissance in recent years with discoveries of frequent infidelity in apparently monogamous species, the importance of sperm ... More


Stress and the Impact of Personalized Medicine

Charles F. Gillespie, Elisabeth B. Binder, Paul E. Holtzheimer, and Charles B. Nemeroff

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This report summarizes a number of the epigenetic influence on the development and treatment of anxiety and mood disorders. The focus taken here is on the impact of stress and stressors on the ... More


General Assessment Issues with Psychological Injuries

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Forensic assessors know sufficient information about psychological injuries to be dangerous—to claimants, to insurers, to the courts, and to themselves. This chapter seeks to increase the knowledge ... More


Loss and Grief

Joanna Breyer and Aurora Sanfeliz

in Comprehensive Handbook of Childhood Cancer and Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195169850
eISBN:
9780197562192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195169850.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Oncology

There are many types of loss, but in most Western cultures, the death of a child is considered the most difficult loss because of the symbolic meaning and ... More


The Ethical Treatment of Depression: Autonomy through Psychotherapy

Paul Biegler

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015493
eISBN:
9780262295628
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015493.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

One in six people worldwide will experience depression over the course of a lifetime. Many who seek relief through the healthcare system are treated with antidepressant medication; in the United ... More


Supporting the professional carers

R.J. DUNLOP and J.M. HOCKLEY

in Hospital-based Palliative Care Teams: The Hospital/Hospice Interface

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629807
eISBN:
9780191730061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629807.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

A sound knowledge of terminal care and the skills to pass on this knowledge are essential for the educational role of the palliative team. This chapter examines this role in more detail. It also ... More


Beyond Death and Dying

Donald L. Rosenstein and Justin M. Yopp

in The Group: Seven Widowed Fathers Reimagine Life

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190649562
eISBN:
9780197559758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190649562.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

In the late 1960s, LIFE magazine was one of the most widely read and influential periodicals in the world. Renowned for its photojournalism, the ... More


Minority Stress and the Health of Sexual Minorities

Ilan H. Meyer and David M. Frost

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Minority stress refers to a conceptual model that describes stressors embedded in the social position of sexual minority individuals as causes of health-related conditions, such as mental disorders, ... More


Understanding Causal Stressors Promotes Autonomy in Depression

Paul Biegler

in The Ethical Treatment of Depression: Autonomy through Psychotherapy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015493
eISBN:
9780262295628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015493.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains how psychotherapy creates awareness of the causal role of psychosocial stressors and of effective means of addressing them. Psychotherapy, particularly cognitive behavior ... More


Mozart: resilience under stress

Andrew Steptoe

in Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter analyses the life and achievements of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and reveals his career transition from child prodigy to mature adult artist. The purpose in this chapter is to outline the ... More


Multiple Causes for Declining Amphibian Populations

Andrew R. Blaustein, Audrey C. Hatch, Lisa K. Belden, and Joseph M. Kiesecker

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on studies that incorporate experimental evidence to address the amphibian population decline phenomenon. It discusses the major causes of global amphibian declines, such as ... More


Framing, Confessing, Self-efficacy, and Healing

Robert A. Scott

in Miracle Cures: Saints, Pilgrimage, and the Healing Powers of Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262751
eISBN:
9780520946200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262751.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter argues that self-efficacy works in concert with other factors to regulate lifestyle habits that directly affect health. Exposure to the same stressors without the perceived or actual ... More


Biological Units

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The biological units targeted by a sampling program can vary from individual-based parameters such as the size of a particular limpet species' gonads, to population-level parameters such as counts of ... More


Human impacts on soft-sediment systems—pollution

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

A widely accepted definition of marine pollution is “the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment (including ... More


Anthropogenic Stressors in Estuaries

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0026
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Human demands on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are on the increase globally and have likely exceeded the regenerative capacity of the Earth since the ... More


Biology of Amphibian Declines

David M. Green

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter argues that the environmental stressors acting upon populations, especially those stressors of anthropogenic origin, can be better divided into the following three evils: habitat ... More


Emergency Medicine

Lisa Moreno-Walton

in First Do No Self Harm: Understanding and Promoting Physician Stress Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195383263
eISBN:
9780199344871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383263.003.0024
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Lisa Moreno-Walton, a Tulane University emergency physician, associate professor and medical educator, writes about her profession in Chapter 24, addressing three fundamental questions. Why do ... More


Conclusions

Charles R. Figley, Peter Huggard, and Charlotte E. Rees

in First Do No Self Harm: Understanding and Promoting Physician Stress Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195383263
eISBN:
9780199344871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383263.003.0025
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This final chapter revisits the aim of this book. The four sections of this book have asked a number of questions: What stressors do physicians experience across the education continuum? What are the ... More


The Role of Occupational Stress in Workplace Deviance

Sharon L. Grant

in Deviant and Criminal Behavior in the Workplace

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814722602
eISBN:
9780814722626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814722602.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the role of occupational stress as a contributing factor in workplace deviance and crime, in relation to the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping. This model is a stress ... More


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