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The Adolescent Surge in Depression and Emergence of Gender Differences: A Biocognitive Vulnerability-Stress Model in Developmental Context

Lauren B. Alloy and Lyn Y. Abramson

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter describes a model for the emergence of depression in adolescence. The application of the cognitive vulnerability-stress model to the adolescent surge in depression suggests that ... More


Stress

Jaap M. Koolhaas, Sietse F. de Boer, and Bauke Buwalda

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter examines stress models in the rat using the biology of the rat and its natural defense mechanisms as a starting point. It focuses on tests that explore the capacity of rats to cope with ... More


Minority Stress and the Health of Sexual Minorities

Ilan H. Meyer and David M. Frost

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Minority stress refers to a conceptual model that describes stressors embedded in the social position of sexual minority individuals as causes of health-related conditions, such as mental disorders, ... More


The Ecology of Economic Disadvantage and Children’s Sleep

Brian P.  Ackerman and and Eleanor D. Brown

in Sleep and Development: Familial and Socio-Cultural Considerations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195395754
eISBN:
9780199894468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395754.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes recent approaches to conceptualizing the ecology of disadvantage in relation to children's sleep. It treats sleep as an indicator and outcome of environmental adversity. It ... More


Pathways Linking Social Support to Health Outcomes

Bert N. Uchino

in Social Support and Physical Health: Understanding the Health Consequences of Relationships

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300102185
eISBN:
9780300127980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300102185.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter presents a broader theoretical framework for how social support influences physical health. It specifies the pathways responsible for the links between social support and health by ... More


Theoretical Perspectives Linking Social Support to Health Outcomes

Bert N. Uchino

in Social Support and Physical Health: Understanding the Health Consequences of Relationships

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300102185
eISBN:
9780300127980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300102185.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses the main theoretical models linking social support to health outcomes. It discusses stress-related models of social support, which include the stress-prevention model and the ... More


Models of Stress and Adapting to Risk: A Life Course, Developmental Perspective

George W. Rebok, Catherine P. Bradshaw, Heather E. Volk, Tamar Mendelson, William W. Eaton, Elizabeth J. Letourneau, and Sheppard G. Kellam

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the role of stress in the conduct of both public mental health research and practice. It includes a discussion of the leading definitions and theories of stress proposed in ... More


Turbulent shear flows and simple closure models

P. A. Davidson

in Turbulence: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198722588
eISBN:
9780191789298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722588.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

Chapter 4 discusses turbulent shear flows. This includes boundary layers, homogeneous shear, and free shear flows, such as jets and wakes. The physical characteristics of these flows are reviewed, ... More


Effects of Political Violence Exposure on the Family and Parenting Environment: The Case of Palestinians and Israelis

Eric F. Dubow, Lynne C. Goodman, Paul Boxer, Erika Y. Niwa, L. Rowell Huesmann, Simha F. Landau, Shira Dvir Gvirsman, Khalil Shikaki, and Cathy Smith

in Handbook of Political Violence and Children: Psychosocial Effects, Intervention, and Prevention Policy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190874551
eISBN:
9780190874582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874551.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Political violence and armed conflict are a worldwide problem that exposes families to extreme acts of violence, disrupts community and family economic conditions, compromises family functioning and ... More


Macroeconomic Factors and Inequities in Youth Violence: The Cyclical Relationship between Community Conditions, Family Factors, and Youth Violence

Jennifer L. Matjasko, Sarah Beth Barnett, and James A. Mercy

in Economics and Youth Violence: Crime, Disadvantage, and Community

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789308
eISBN:
9780814760239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789308.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter describes a cyclical dynamic between macroeconomic factors and families affecting child outcomes. Both short- and long-term economic strains disrupt the ability of families to provide a ... More


Modeling Of Turbulent Transport Equations

Charles G. Speziale

in Simulation and Modeling of Turbulent Flows

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195106435
eISBN:
9780197561003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195106435.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The high-Reynolds-number turbulent flows of technological importance contain such a wide range of excited length and time scales that the application of direct or ... More


The Epigenetics of Schizophrenia

Iris Cheung, Mira Jakovcevski, and Schahram Akbarian

in The Origins of Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151245
eISBN:
9780231521925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151245.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter presents various epigenetic discoveries on schizophrenia. Epigenetics is the study of external or environmental factors that turn genes on and off, and affect how cells read genes. A ... More


Psychological Support

Mark Pishotta and Alison Krangel

in Aniridia and WAGR Syndrome: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195389302
eISBN:
9780197562727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195389302.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Stress is an everyday experience that no one is exempt from experiencing, whether the stressor is positive or negative. Combine that reality with a medical condition, ... More


Isotropic turbulence (in real space)

P. A. Davidson

in Turbulence: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198722588
eISBN:
9780191789298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722588.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

Chapter 6 focuses on isotropic turbulence, with an emphasis on its real-space (rather than Fourier-space) description. After introducing the language of isotropic turbulence (i.e., kinematics), the ... More


Stress Corrosion Cracking: Chemically Activated Nanomechanics

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0024
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

Although dissolution reactions involving water can etch and decompose oxides, truly catastrophic failures of oxide structures usually involve fractures and ... More


Depression

Seymour Epstein

in Cognitive-Experiential Theory: An Integrative Theory of Personality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199927555
eISBN:
9780190256227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927555.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines depression from the perspective of cognitive-experiential theory (CET). It first considers the link between depression and sadness before turning to a discussion of two symptoms ... More


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