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Gang structures and group processes

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0030
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes in some detail research in developing a typology of gang structure and how the results can inform approaches to gang control. It starts by discussing why the understanding of ... More


Six Major Gang Control Programs

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter takes a close look at some of the largest and most prominent attempts at prevention, intervention, and suppression of gang activities. These include the Illinois attorney general's ... More


Gang Prevalence, Proliferation, And Migration

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes and summarizes what is known about the proliferation of street gangs across the country and how that relates to the migration of gang members. It suggests some of the ... More


Introduction

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's main theme, namely the important patterns that characterize street gangs in contemporary America. It is also a book about important experiments in ... More


Multiple goals for gang control programs and policies

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0037
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the various goals of gang programming, with examples to illustrate the differences between individual versus group change; reducing joining versus encouraging desistance; ... More


Gang Crime Patterns

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0021
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes and summarizes what is known about gang crime patterns, especially their versatility and the realities of gang violence and involvement in drug trafficking. These patterns have ... More


Community contexts

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0035
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the current state of knowledge about the community characteristics that foster gang development. In doing so, it recognizes several key issues and limitations within this ... More


A model for policy choices

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0039
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents a heuristic model, which combines elements of the Spergel Model with the data summaries from Chapters 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6. The model is then expanded to cover both individual and ... More


Individual-level Context: Risk Factors For Joining Gangs

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0026
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter focuses on the individual gang member. It describes and summarizes data on gang joining, the risk and protection factors that relate to joining, and data on different levels of youth ... More


From Rage to Rap and Prison to Print: Social, Cultural, and Commercial Contexts of Emergence

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter highlights the complex processes present in the production of contemporary black and Latino popular culture, focusing primarily on the written form. It begins with the early ... More


Guns, Gangs, and Doughnut Kings

Aihwa Ong

in Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520229983
eISBN:
9780520937161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229983.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses the risky activities of Cambodians who formed their own sense of belonging. It looks at those who started businesses at the bottom, specifically family-run and gang-operated ... More


Murderer, Monster, Novelist or Nobel Nominee?: Press Reception and Media Constructions of Gang Memoirs

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter examines critical reviews of the gang memoirs to see how the media understood and perceived the narratives and interpreted them for readers. It explains that the reception of the memoirs ... More


Killer Books: The Representations and Politics of Violence in Gang Memoirs

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter presents four decades in the history of street gang violence — the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s — in order to map the setting in which the narrators of street gang memoirs describe and ... More


Quick Reads for Reluctant Readers: Consuming Gang Memoirs

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter explores the impact of the street gang memoirs on their low-income, Los Angeles-based, and at-risk youth readers. It shows that the young readers of the memoirs did not generally see the ... More


Books Making a Killing: An Introduction

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter explores the conflict between the competing forces of violence and pedagogy, as shown by the execution of the former street gang leader Stanley “Tookie” Williams. It points out that the ... More


Brothers Who Could Kill with Words: Language, Literacy, and the Quest for Education in Gang Memoirs

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter discusses how themes of pedagogy are developed in the street gang memoirs. It explains that lack of education acts as a narrative springboard to highlight unequal social interactions in ... More


Who Shot Ya?: A Tale of Two Gangsta-Rap Rivals

Geoff Harkness

in Chicago Hustle and Flow: Gangs, Gangsta Rap, and Social Class

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816692286
eISBN:
9781452949598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692286.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter talks about the “beef” or rivalry of two rapping gang groups in Chicago: Xcons and Bully Boyz. It begins by describing the criminal activities and imprisonment of Habit, Bleek, and Boss ... More


Homeboys Between Hard Covers: Scholarly Approaches to the Study of Gang Memoirs

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter examines how gang memoirs are formed in the media and interpreted by their audiences. It highlights the three theoretical frameworks that were used to examine the formation of gang ... More


Chicago’s Gangsta-Rap Microscene: Welcome to the Terrordome

Geoff Harkness

in Chicago Hustle and Flow: Gangs, Gangsta Rap, and Social Class

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816692286
eISBN:
9781452949598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692286.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This introductory chapter considers how social class shapes meaning, interpretation, and opportunity for young men involved in rap and street gangs. It gives account of Joseph Coleman (Lil JoJo), an ... More


Conclusions: Still Running

Josephine Metcalf

in The Culture and Politics of Contemporary Street Gang Memoirs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032813
eISBN:
9781617032820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032813.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter explains that the relationship between violence and pedagogy in the study of street gang memoirs is important due to the roots of gang violence being in the lack of education among its ... More


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