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Culture: Beliefs, Customs, and Strategic Behaviour

Colin S Gray

in Perspectives on Strategy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674275
eISBN:
9780191752285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674275.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the 2000s there was a ‘cultural turn’ both in strategic scholarship and in some states’ policies, strategies, and tactics. The rather obvious idea that peoples and their societies can differ ... More


Introduction

John Baylis

in Ambiguity and Deterrence: British Nuclear Strategy 1945-1964

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280125
eISBN:
9780191684357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280125.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter describes the years 1945–1964 as a period that does not only denote availability of references but also signifies the turning points that shaped the current British nuclear ... More


On strategic culture

Kerry Longhurst

in Germany and the Use of Force: The Evolution of German Security Policy 1990-2003

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067082
eISBN:
9781781700570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067082.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter takes a look at the theme of strategic culture and uses it as an approach to security studies. It first examines several existing studies and conceptions of strategic culture, before it ... More


Germany and the Use of Force: The Evolution of German Security Policy 1990-2003

Kerry Longhurst

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067082
eISBN:
9781781700570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067082.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Mobilising the concept of strategic culture, this study develops a framework for understanding developments in German security policy between 1990 and 2003. Germany's contemporary security policies ... More


Introduction: the past as prologue

Kerry Longhurst

in Germany and the Use of Force: The Evolution of German Security Policy 1990-2003

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067082
eISBN:
9781781700570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067082.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This introductory chapter discusses Germany's security policy and strategic culture. It shows that strategic culture is concerned with the domestic sources of security policy and tries to determine ... More


Negotiating Kinship

Jonathan Karam Skaff

in Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors: Culture, Power, and Connections, 580-800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199734139
eISBN:
9780199950195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734139.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter demonstrates how kinship was demonstrated in Sui-Tang, Turko-Mongol, and Eastern Eurasian societies. It takes a look at the two primary types of kinship bonds in foreign and domestic ... More


Conclusions: Germany, the use of force and the power of strategic culture

Kerry Longhurst

in Germany and the Use of Force: The Evolution of German Security Policy 1990-2003

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067082
eISBN:
9781781700570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067082.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter addresses the issues and debates that were presented in the previous chapters and studies them in relation to the three main questions posed in the Introduction. The first question is on ... More


Introduction

David French

in Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199548231
eISBN:
9780191739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the historiography of the army after 1945. It explains how and why it has been largely forgotten by historians of post‐war Britain, and explains how those few who have written ... More


Stunde Null and the ‘construction’ of West German strategic culture

Kerry Longhurst

in Germany and the Use of Force: The Evolution of German Security Policy 1990-2003

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067082
eISBN:
9781781700570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067082.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is concerned with the formation of West German strategic culture. It examines several aspects of the rearmament process during the 1950s and estimates the external and internal factors ... More


Studying German strategic culture

Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen

in Germany, Pacifism and Peace Enforcement

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072680
eISBN:
9781781701386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072680.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter opens with a discussion of the concept of ‘strategic culture’ and outlines the central tenets of culture theory. It explains how this theory provides a tool for analysing the domestic ... More


American Strategic Culture: Problems and Prospects

Antulio J. Echevarria II

in The Changing Character of War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199596737
eISBN:
9780191803543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199596737.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the concept of American strategic culture and what is assumed to be its ‘subset and product’ — the American way of war. Scholars have yet to reach a consensus on a set of ... More


Germany, Pacifism and Peace Enforcement

Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072680
eISBN:
9781781701386
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072680.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book is about the transformation of Germany's security and defence policy in the time between the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 war against Iraq. It traces and explains the reaction of Europe's ... More


Conclusion: A Potemkin Army

David French

in Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199548231
eISBN:
9780191739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

The American historian John Lewis Gaddis has suggested that during the Cold War the USSR practised what he called ‘Potemkinism’, a strategy he defined as ‘building just enough of a capability to ... More


INTRODUCTION: Counterinsurgency and the Uses of History

David Fitzgerald

in Learning to Forget: US Army Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Practice from Vietnam to Iraq

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785815
eISBN:
9780804786423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785815.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This introduction examines the literature on the complicated relationship between the US Army and counterinsurgency before seeking an explanation for that relationship in the broader field on US ... More


Can Strategic Culture Explain the Pakistan Army’s Persistent Revisionism?

C. Christine Fair

in Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army's Way of War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199892709
eISBN:
9780199372249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892709.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a framework of the Pakistan Army’s strategic culture, based on the work of David Zionts’ conceptualization of why some states are persistently revisionist. The chapter augments ... More


A Reactive Culture: Why the Informal Development of Memory Persists

Heidi Hardt

in NATO's Lessons in Crisis: Institutional Memory in International Organizations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190672171
eISBN:
9780190672218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672171.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, European Union

Chapter 7 explains why NATO’s institutional memory continues to develop in the way that it does – despite formal learning processes being underutilized. Findings in this chapter draw on the author’s ... More


Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army's Way of War

C. Christine Fair

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199892709
eISBN:
9780199372249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892709.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Pakistan’s army has dominated the state for most of its 66 years. It has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India to revise the maps in Kashmir and to resist India’s slow but inevitable ... More


Introduction to the Pakistan Army’s Way of War

C. Christine Fair

in Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army's Way of War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199892709
eISBN:
9780199372249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892709.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter lays out the puzzle of the Pakistan army’s persistent revisionism with respect to India. India and Pakistan have been locked in an enduring rivalry since 1947. Given the expanding power ... More


India’s Operational Nuclear Policy: The Gap between Theory, Practice, and Credibility

Gaurav Kampani

in India's Military Modernization: Strategic Technologies and Weapons Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199451623
eISBN:
9780199085248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199451623.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that India’s conventional and nuclear war approaches are decoupled from one another. They are also contradictory and incompatible. Whereas the first proposes an offensive war of ... More


Saudi Arabia

Ghaidaa Hetou

in Comparative Grand Strategy: A Framework and Cases

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198840848
eISBN:
9780191876745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840848.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter evaluates the formulation, implementation, and consistency of Saudi Arabia’s grand strategy since 1979. It examines how internal and regional factors influenced that strategy through the ... More


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