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The Age of the World Wars, 1914–1945: The Case of Diminishing Marginal Returns to the Strategic Bombing of Germany in World War II

in Castles, Battles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226071633
eISBN:
9780226071657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226071657.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

By remarking on “the morons volunteering to get hung up in the wire and shot in the stomach in the mud of Flanders,” Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris, who assumed command of the Royal Air Force's ... More


Determining the Effects of the Allied Air Offensive

Phillip S. Meilinger

in Thoughts on War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.003.0014
Subject:
History, Military History

This essay deals with the massive report chartered by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1944 to measure the effects of strategic bombing on Germany and Japan—the US Strategic Bombing Survey (USSBS). ... More


Brothers in Arms: The Admiralty, the Air Ministry, and the Battle of the Atlantic

Tim Benbow

in Decision in the Atlantic: The Allies and the Longest Campaign of the Second World War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781949668001
eISBN:
9781949668018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9781949668001.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

During the Second World War, there were intense disputes between the Admiralty and the Air Ministry over the provision of air support for the Battle of the Atlantic. This was not mere inter-service ... More


Analysis, Intelligence, and Targeting in Strategic Air Operations

Phillip S. Meilinger

in Thoughts on War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.003.0013
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter recounts the history of Operations Research, intelligence, and their effects on the strategic bombing campaigns of World War II and beyond. Airmen use different weapons employed against ... More


Introduction

Phil Haun (ed.)

in Lectures of the Air Corps Tactical School and American Strategic Bombing in World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176789
eISBN:
9780813176819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176789.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This introduction describes the strategic bombing mission of the US Army Air Forces’ Eighth Air Force against the Fock-Wulfe plant at Bremen, Germany, on April 17, 1943, assessing the use of ... More


Thoughts on War

Phillip S. Meilinger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

In these provocative essays, military historian Phillip Meilinger explores timeless issues. Beginning with an iconoclastic look at the ideas of Carl von Clausewitz, Meilinger sees an unfortunate ... More


Here’s Your Air War: Popular Culture Depictions of Land-Based Air Power in the Pacific

Steve Call

in War in the American Pacific and East Asia, 1941-1972

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813176550
eISBN:
9780813176581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176550.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

By World War II, public fascination with aviation and air power had created a powerful presence in popular culture.Military and government leaders sought to exploit that presence in shaping public ... More


Liberal Democracy and the Lure of Bombing in the Interwar United States

Sean L. Malloy

in Making the American Century: Essays on the Political Culture of Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199845392
eISBN:
9780199365104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845392.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

This chapter investigates the tangled history of strategic bombing during and after World War II. The idea of strategic bombing—a technological antidote to the brutality of modern war that could ... More


High-Altitude Daylight Precision Bombing in World War II

Phil Haun (ed.)

in Lectures of the Air Corps Tactical School and American Strategic Bombing in World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176789
eISBN:
9780813176819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176789.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

This concluding chapter examines US air war planning in World War II and evaluates overall American strategic bombing effectiveness: how HADPB theory held up to the reality of combat. After sketching ... More


Britain, Switzerland, and the Second World War

Neville Wylie

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206903
eISBN:
9780191717338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206903.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, European Modern History

This is the first comprehensive study of British policy towards Switzerland during the Second World War. Switzerland occupied an ambiguous place in British belligerency. While epitomizing the kind of ... More


Conclusions

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This concluding chapter returns to the alignment of forces that worked to sideline those scientists who opposed the then-predominant doctrine of strategic bombing. It stresses the confusion and the ... More


Lectures of the Air Corps Tactical School and American Strategic Bombing in World War II

Phil Haun (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176789
eISBN:
9780813176819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176789.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

In the 1930s the US Air Corps Tactical School (ACTS) articulated the concept of high-altitude daylight precision bombing (HADPB), a coherent yet controversial theory for victory through the ... More


Strategic Bombing in the Second World War

John Tirman

in The Deaths of Others: The Fate of Civilians in America's Wars

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780195381214
eISBN:
9780190252373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195381214.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on America's strategic bombing of Europe that killed or wounded more than a million civilians during World War II. More specifically, it looks at the aerial bombings conducted ... More


The View from the Top: Winston Churchill, British Grand Strategy, and the Battle of the Atlantic

Christopher M. Bell

in Decision in the Atlantic: The Allies and the Longest Campaign of the Second World War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781949668001
eISBN:
9781949668018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9781949668001.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter by Christopher M. Bell examines how Winston Churchill's approach to the Battle of the Atlantic was shaped by the demands of British grand strategy. His preference for offensive ... More


Heavy Bomber Supply Diplomacy, 1941–2

Gavin J. Bailey

in The Arsenal of Democracy: Aircraft Supply and the Evolution of the Anglo-American Alliance, 1938-1942

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748647477
eISBN:
9780748693801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647477.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines Anglo-American aircraft supply diplomacy after 1940. The strategic bombing offensive waged against Germany became central to British strategy, and obtaining the heavy bombers ... More


Unity of Command in the Pacific during World War II

Phillip S. Meilinger

in Thoughts on War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.003.0012
Subject:
History, Military History

Soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines have strong opinions on how the Pacific War was fought and how victory was achieved over Japan. Too often these views have been shaped by service parochialism ... More


The Bomber

Roy Scranton

in Total Mobilization: World War II and American Literature

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226637280
eISBN:
9780226637457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226637457.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter identifies the only original literary genre to emerge out of World War II, the bomber lyric, and discusses the bomber lyric’s complex representation of sacrificial violence. Closely ... More


Time in War

Phillip S. Meilinger

in Thoughts on War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

The use of time, or timing, in war has always been of crucial importance—great commanders have understood the critical nature of time on the battlefield. It fits here by reflecting a major factor in ... More


I Saw It!: The Photographic Witness of Barefoot Gen

Laura Wexler

in Remaking Reality: U. S. Documentary Culture after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469638690
eISBN:
9781469638713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638690.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Laura Wexler’s “‘I Saw It!’: The Photographic Witness of Barefoot Gen,” argues that Hiroshima survivor Keiji Nakazawa uses the “art of re-drawing” to challenge and rework aerial photographs taken by ... More


Economists at Armistice: The Economists at War’s End, 1946

Alan Bollard

in Economists at War: How a Handful of Economists Helped Win and Lose the World Wars

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198846000
eISBN:
9780191881244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846000.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

1946 brought the Armistice and a new economic task: the focus of the economists had to move from the problems of wartime rationing and finance to a new world of economic reconstruction, post-war ... More


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