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The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine

Eric J. Cassell

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195156164
eISBN:
9780199999880
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156164.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This is a revised and expanded edition of a classic in palliative medicine, originally published in 1991, with three added chapters and a new preface summarizing our progress in the area of pain ... More


The Possibility of Crohn's Disease

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0031
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 2007, two Chilean physicians, Fernando Orrego and Carlos Quintana, published an article criticizing all previous diagnoses of Charles Darwin's illness, including Chagas' disease. They argued that ... More


Upper gastrointestinal tumours

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the cancers of the upper gastrointestinal region. The most common upper gastrointestinal cancers are the cancer of the oesophagus, stomach, and pancreas. All these types of ... More


Stomach Cancer

ATSUKO SHIBATA and JULIE PARSONNET

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0037
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of stomach cancer, focusing on adenocarcinoma of the stomach, including that of the gastric cardia and gastoesophageal junction. Topics covered include ... More


Life-course approaches to socio-economic differentials in cause-specific adult mortality

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that socio-economic position at different stages of the life course can influence particular conditions in particular ways. Two conditions — stroke and stomach cancer — seem ... More


Sick and Alone

Richard J. Meyer

in Jin Yan: The Rudolph Valentino of Shanghai

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622095861
eISBN:
9789882207080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622095861.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Political activism against the government seemed no longer necessary. The first year of the People's Republic of China was very successful. But Jin was no longer valued as a movie icon. Qin Yi, on ... More


Introduction to Part Two

Elizabeth A. Williams

in Appetite and Its Discontents: Science, Medicine, and the Urge to Eat, 1750-1950

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226692999
eISBN:
9780226693187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226693187.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction to Part II, which includes Chapters 4-6, sets the stage for approaches to appetite developed between 1800 and 1850 in physiology and medicine. In the wake of the French Revolution, ... More


Digesting in the long eighteenth century

Ian Miller

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This essay investigates the emergence and evolution of philosophical and scientific inquiries into the nature of human digestion in the long eighteenth century. It suggests that shifting perspectives ... More


Gastrointestinal Motility: Electrogastrography

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The psychophysiology of the gastrointestinal system is a relatively unexplored area, in part due to the instrumentation and measurement problems of obtaining data from far inside this constantly ... More


Introduction

GERARD P. SMITH

in Satiation: From Gut to Brain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195105155
eISBN:
9780199848263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195105155.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The chapter identifies satiation as a negative feedback process of control during a meal and depends on peripheral and central mechanisms for the detection, transmission, processing, and integration ... More


Edith Garson: “Hollywood—An Ending” (1938)

Robert Wyatt and John Andrew Johnson

in The George Gershwin Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327113
eISBN:
9780199851249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327113.003.0060
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter presents the text of Edith Garson's 1938 article about George Gershwin's musical career. Garson provided an overview of Gershwin in Hollywood from the time of his arrival in August 1936 ... More


Illness and “Anxious Looking Forward”

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Weeks after returning to Down, as Charles Darwin worked on a new edition of The Origin of Species and felt obligated to answer a “Multitude of Letters” from old and new correspondents about the book, ... More


Bodies

Chris Otter

in Diet for a Large Planet: Industrial Britain, Food Systems, and World Ecology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226697109
eISBN:
9780226705965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226705965.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter follows the British diet into the bodies, bellies, bowels, and blood of its consumers. It begins by outlining ways in which early twentieth-century observers began to argue that a diet ... More


Benign diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Julia B. Greer and Dhiraj Yadav

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of alcohol consumption on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Alcohol lowers oesophageal sphincter pressure, reduces acid clearance, and alters oesophageal epithelial ... More


Totalitarianism, Uncertainty, and Ballet

Janice Ross

in Like a Bomb Going Off: Leonid Yakobson and Ballet as Resistance in Soviet Russia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300207637
eISBN:
9780300210644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207637.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter describes Yakobson's use of improvisation to choreograph movements and gestures beyond what the body could do. In his company, Yakobson utilized the unexpected chance to reflect artistic ... More


Introduction: entrails and digestion in the eighteenth century

Rebecca Anne Barr, Sylvie Kleiman-Lafon, and Sophie Vasset

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the ideas and themes underpinning the volume, contextualizing the importance of the gastric area in literary and medical culture, and more widely in the cultural imaginary of ... More


Lung Cancer

in The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237570.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter details the author's studies on lung cancer. After the end of World War II, lung cancer became the most common cause of cancer-related death for men in Britain and the United States, ... More


Fasteners: Acid Catalysis

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

I explained the general basis of catalysis in Reaction 11, where I showed that it accelerated a reaction by opening a new, faster route from reactants to products. One of the ways to achieve ... More


Mock examination

Thomas Marjot

in Best of Five MCQS for the European Specialty Examination in Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198834373
eISBN:
9780191933394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834373.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Gastroenterology

This chapter contains 50 questions, which exactly match the proportions of topic areas found in the European Specialty Examination in Gastroenterology and Hepatology (ESEGH), and is designed to act ... More


Diet

Luca Luiselli and Giovanni Amori

in Reptile Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198726135
eISBN:
9780191825934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter is devoted to diet studies on reptiles, specifically focusing on the source of samples, elucidating analytical techniques through macroscopic and microscopic means, and addressing ... More


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