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Moral Reflection in the Ancient Mediterranean World

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

After considering why modern economists pay little attention to ancient thinkers, the chapter explores the views of Aristotle with particular attention to his views on the moral life. Aristotle’s ... More


Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Katja Maria Vogt

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book is a comprehensive study of early Stoic political philosophy. It considers the conceptions of the cosmic city and the common law as central to the Stoics' theory, and discusses how these ... More


The Philosophy of Epictetus

Theodore Scaltsas and Andrew S. Mason (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoic philosopher Epictetus has been one of the most influential of ancient thinkers, both in antiquity itself and in modern times. This book includes ten chapters which discuss Epictetus' ... More


Ambrose: De Officiis: Edited with an Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (Two Volume Set)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199245789
eISBN:
9780191601453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245789.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

De officiis, by Ambrose of Milan (c. 339–397), is one of the most important texts of Latin Patristic literature, and a major work of early Christian ethics. Modelled on the De officiis ... More


Seneca and the Idea of Tragedy

Gregory A. Staley

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195387438
eISBN:
9780199866809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387438.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

As both a literary genre and a view of life, tragedy has from the very beginning spurred a dialogue between poetry and philosophy. Plato wanted to ban tragedians from his ideal community because he ... More


The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries: Cosmology and Salvation in the Ancient World

David Ulansey

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067880
eISBN:
9780199853328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067880.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This book argues that the Roman cult of Mithras did not originate in Persia, as previously thought. Instead, the author suggests that the cult was triggered by the reaction of a group of Tarsian ... More


Will and Free Will in Antiquity: A Discussion of Michael Frede,

Jaap Mansfeld

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Michael Frede's posthumously published Sather Lectures discuss the origin and scope of the concept of a free will in antiquity, from the Stoics to Augustine via, among others, Alexander of ... More


The Genealogy of Disjunction

R. E. Jennings

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a study of the English word or, and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a ... More


The Greeks On Pleasure

J. C. B. Gosling and C. C. W. Taylor

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246664
eISBN:
9780191681035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246664.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book aims to provide a critical and analytical history of ancient Greek theories of the nature of pleasure and of its value and role in human life, from the earliest times down to the period of ... More


From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

A. A. Long

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book presents eighteen essays on the philosophers and schools of the Hellenistic and Roman periods: Epicureans, Stoics, and Sceptics. The discussion ranges over four centuries of innovative and ... More


Peroration

Michael J. White

in The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239529
eISBN:
9780191679940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239529.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a quotation taken from the introductory essay to the mathematical summa edited by Aleksandrov, Kolmogorov, and Lavrent'ev. The opposition between the continuous and the ... More


Introduction to Part II

Michael J. White

in The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239529
eISBN:
9780191679940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239529.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part II investigates two Hellenistic models of spatial magnitude, time, and motion — models that can be seen as conceptual alternatives to the Aristotelian model considered in some detail in Part I. ... More


Antiochus of Ascalon

George E. Karamanolis

in Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199264568
eISBN:
9780191603990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264562.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Antiochus’ debate with Philo of Larissa. It then analyses Antiochus’ thesis on the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. According to Antiochus, ... More


Plotinus

George E. Karamanolis

in Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199264568
eISBN:
9780191603990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264562.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the instances in which Plotinus compares Peripatetic and Platonic views, and attempts to sketch a preliminary answer to the question of how Plotinus saw the relationship between ... More


Hellenistic Ethics and Philosophical Power

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The peculiarity of Hellenistic ethics is explored to understand its special significance. The issue is approached as a question concerning the intellectual history of Hellenistic philosophy in its ... More


Hellenistic Ethics as the Art of Life

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the idea of philosophy as the art of life, studying the foundations and implications of this idea, with a view to asking whether some version of it can still be useful to ... More


Aristotle and the History of Greek Scepticism

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The purpose in this chapter is not to cast doubt on Aristotle's dogmatic credentials, but rather focuses on a series of questions that seem to have gone largely unasked. How far is Aristotle aware of ... More


Arcesilaus in His Time and Place

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

No philosopher in the early Hellenistic period is more intriguing than Arcesilaus of Pitane, and few are of comparable historical significance. Arcesilaus in effect was the founder of Greek ... More


Scepticism About Gods

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The philosophical sceptic attacks, in the doctrines of his rivals, not or not primarily the traditional features of the gods that the doctrinaire schools retain, but the rational innovations — the ... More


Astrology: Arguments Pro and Contra

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Arguments for and against the main principles of astrology have a continuous history from the second century bc up to the time of Augustine. This chapter focuses on three stages of a complex debate, ... More


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