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Biosimplicity via stoichiometry: the evolution of food-web structure and processes

James J. Elser and Dag O. Hessen

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Food webs are among the most complex entities under study in modern biology. But what if major features of their structure and dynamics were the product of a relatively few simple rules? This chapter ... More


Oxygen Octahedra

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A very important group of ferroelectrics is that known as the perovskites from the mineral perovskite CaTiO3 (which itself is actually a distorted perovskite structure). The perfect perovskite ... More


Theories

Walter K. Dodds

in Laws, Theories, and Patterns in Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260405
eISBN:
9780520944541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260405.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the ecological theories built from the proposed ecological laws. It focuses on theories influencing major subdisciplines of ecology starting with physiological ecology, then ... More


Control Theory and Systems Biology

Pablo A. Iglesias and Brian P. Ingalls (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Issues of regulation and control are central to the study of biological and biochemical systems. Thus it is not surprising that the tools of feedback control theory—engineering techniques developed ... More


Ecosystem Function

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores how the mathematical frameworks, empirical methods, and predictions introduced for community structure can be extended to ecosystem function. Also outlined is an alternative ... More


Elements, biochemicals, and structures of microbes

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Microbiologists know the basic biochemical make up of microbes, such as relative amounts of protein, RNA, and DNA in cells, while ecologists and biogeochemists use elemental ratios, most notably, the ... More


A Control-Theoretic Interpretation of Metabolic Control Analysis

Brian P. Ingalls

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter describes the implications of network stoichiometry for sensitivity analysis. It reinterprets the main results of metabolic control analysis (MCA) from the point of view of engineering ... More


A-15 superconductors

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the prominent characteristics of A-15 superconductors, which constitute the second generation of low-temperature conductors, extensively used to supplement and boost the ... More


Nitrogen stress in the marine environment: from scarcity to surfeit

Erica B. Young and John A. Berges

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Marine organisms can experience conditions ranging from limiting supply of nitrogen in open ocean regions to toxicity of high concentrations of nitrogen associated with coastal eutrophication. ... More


Elements, biochemicals, and structures of microbes

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Microbiologists focus on the basic biochemical make-up of microbes, such as relative amounts of protein, RNA, and DNA in cells, while ecologists and biogeochemists use elemental ratios, most notably, ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on Pelagic Organisms and Ecosystems

Ulf Riebesell and Philippe D. Tortell

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Over the past decade there has been rapidly growing interest in the potential effects of ocean acidification and perturbations of the carbonate system on marine organisms. While early studies ... More


Acidification: Background and History

Jean-Pierre Gattuso and Lina Hansson

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The ocean and the atmosphere exchange massive amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). The pre-industrial influx from the ocean to the atmosphere was 70.6 Gt C yr –1 , while the flux in the opposite ... More


Compounds of the Type (A, B)X

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Compounds such as gallium aluminum arsenide are of interest for two reasons. First, they have practical use, so that benefit comes from understanding their properties and behavior; but second, they ... More


Cylindrical Inclusions

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0026
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The purpose of this chapter is to extend the ideas in Chapter 16 to the situation where one material occurs as an inclusion in the other. In Chapters 13 through 15, most of the discussion centered ... More


Stoichiometry

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195367997
eISBN:
9780197562635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195367997.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

Stoichiometry is the study of the quantities of reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction. In addition to identifying the reactants and products in a chemical reaction, a balanced ... More


Daphnia as a Model for Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Matthew R. Walsh, Michelle Packer, Shannon Beston, Collin Funkhouser, Michael Gillis, Julian Holmes, and Jared Goos

in Life Histories: Volume 5

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190620271
eISBN:
9780197590461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620271.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Much research has shown that variation in ecological processes can drive rapid evolutionary changes over periods of years to decades. Such contemporary adaptation sets the stage for evolution to have ... More


Body Size, Maturation Size, and Growth Rate of Crustaceans

Piotr Maszczyk and Tomasz Brzeziński

in Life Histories: Volume 5

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190620271
eISBN:
9780197590461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620271.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Crustaceans present a remarkable variety of forms that differ greatly in body size and growth strategies (determinate or indeterminate). This diversity reflects the long evolutionary history of this ... More


Geochemistry of Framboids

David Rickard

in Framboids

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190080112
eISBN:
9780197571934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080112.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems, Environmental Chemistry

The stoichiometry of pyrite in framboids is unknown. The trace element content of framboids has been reported since framboids usually constitute the earliest pyrite phase in a sediment and therefore ... More


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