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Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Overview of In Vivo Cortical Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

brain oscillations occur spontaneously, for example during sleep; as part of evoked responses following specific sensory stimulations; and as a correlate of cognitive and motor processes. In the ... More


Evoked Motor Responses of the Brain, Spinal Cord, and Roots

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Since 1980, techniques have been developed to stimulate the motor cortex using surface stimulation. P. A. Merton and H. B. Morton utilized brief, high-voltage stimuli. Subsequently, A. T. Barker and ... More


Brain and Behavior Deficits in De Novo Parkinson Disease

David E. Vaillancourt and Janey Prodoehl

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Over the past several decades, models of basal ganglia function that describe the pathophysiology of Parkinson disease (PD) have emerged from studies in both nonhuman primates and rodents. One ... More


Using Magnetoencephalography to Elucidate the Principles of Deep Brain Stimulation

Morten L. Kringelbach, Peter C. Hansen, Alex L. Green, and Tipu Z. Aziz

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a powerful clinical tool that has provided remarkable therapeutic benefits for otherwise treatment-resistant movement and affective disorders. The precise mechanisms ... More


Thoracic Dermatomes

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The twelve pairs of intercostal nerves consist of the anterior rami supplying the sensation of the trunk. The nerves can be divided into those running a thoracic course (T2 through T6), and those ... More


Elaborations

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter begins by describing two competing kinds of explanations to the one offered in the preceding chapter. The first is the way in which rituals are thought to influence behavior through ... More


Touch, Representation, and Blindness

Morton A. Heller (ed.)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503873
eISBN:
9780191686559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503873.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychological studies of touch and blindness have been fraught with controversy. Within this field there remains an important theoretical divide. Many researchers have taken a cognitive approach to ... More


The Cure for Cognitive Hiccups (HEMC, HEC, HEMC…)

Andy Clark

in Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333213
eISBN:
9780199868858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333213.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The EXTENDED model claims that human cognitive processing may at times loop into the environment surrounding the organism. In contrast, a more conservative view is that certain cognitive processes ... More


Play and development

Sue Boucher and Justin Amery

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Play is the single most important way that children learn about, grow confident with, and manage the stresses of living in their world, as it provides developmental stimulation, distraction, ... More


Management of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

It is clear that management of tinnitus requires alterations of neural activity in the CNS. The neural substrates of tinnitus suggest various approaches to modify neural processing and change the ... More


‘The Spontaneous Feeling of Shame’: Masturbation and Freud 1930–1940

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

The anxiety regarding masturbation peaked in the early interwar period at which time shame was regarded as a natural result of the practice of masturbation even by sexual reformers. In this period, ... More


Restorative Neurology of Motor Control after Spinal Cord Injury: Clinical Practice

Keith Tansey, Meta M Dimitrijevic, Winfried Mayr, Manfred Bijak, and Milan R Dimitrijevic

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses how established procedures using physiotherapy, neuromuscular and peripheral nerve stimulation, and spinal cord stimulation can be used as restorative procedures. It describes ... More


Transcutaneous Lumbar Posterior Root Stimulation for Motor Control Studies and Modification of Motor Activity after Spinal Cord Injury

Karen Minassian, Ursula Hofstoetter, and Frank Rattay

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

A method for transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation that can be used for noninvasive investigations of lumbar neural circuits' function in human subjects was recently developed. The same technique ... More


Diseases of the nervous system

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Besides pain, Parkinson's disease represents an excellent model to study the neurobiological mechanisms of the placebo effect. The placebo effect in Parkinson's disease is mediated by dopamine ... More


Hippocampal electrical stimulation and localisation of long-term episodic memory

Robin G. Morris, Steven G. Coleshill, Maria E. Lacruz, Antonio Valentin, and Gonzalo Alarcon

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The clinical use of depth-electrode recording in the hippocampus in people undergoing neurosurgical treatment for epilepsy has also facilitated exploration of hippocampal memory function though ... More


Long-term plasticity

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter deals with long-term (weeks, months) changes in the properties of motoneurones and muscle fibres after disuse or after various patterns of enhanced activity. In voluntary motor activity ... More


Engineering the brain

Kenneth R. Foster

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the ethical issues raised by new technologies that allow investigators to monitor and control the brain, and how they are distinctive from those raised by other medical ... More


Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain: an ethical evaluation

Megan S. Steven and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a neuroscientific technique that induces an electric current in the brain via application of a localized magnetic field pulse. The pulse penetrates the ... More


Brain-stimulation reward

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers self-stimulation of the brain, which includes the identification of reward systems in the brain, and the hypothalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, and ventral striatum.


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