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Drugs of Abuse and Aggression

Jill M. Grimes, Lesley Ricci, Khampaseuth Rasakham, and Richard H. Melloni, Jr.

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter summarizes studies examining the link between drugs of abuse and the behavioral neurobiology of aggressive behavior in animal models. It considers studies examining how drug abuse ... More


Brain Temperature Regulation During Normal Neural Function and Neuropathology

Eugene A. Kiyatkin

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter deals with brain temperature as a physiological parameter, which is determined primarily by neural metabolism, regulated by cerebral blood flow, and affected by various environmental ... More


Salivary gland dysfunction

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The salivary glands are divided into two: the major salivary glands and the minor salivary glands. Together with the parasympathetic nervous system, these glands play a crucial role in saliva ... More


Relationships Between Personality and Acute Subjective Responses to Stimulant Drugs

Harriet De Wit

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter reviews recent studies that have examined the relationship between personality and the quality and magnitude of mood changes after acute administration of stimulant drugs, with a view to ... More


Perfect Girls, Best-at-Everything Guys: Managing Pressure, Having Fun

Sarah A. Chase

in Perfectly Prep: Gender Extremes at a New England Prep School

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195308815
eISBN:
9780199894154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308815.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter explores the incompatibility of the opposing values of excellence and fun, and the related tension between freedom and constraint. It focuses on the dual desires and pressures the ... More


The Case for Clinical Management of Neuroenhancement in Young People

Ilina Singh and Kelly Kelleher

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter defends that over time, stimulants and other neuroenhancers will increasingly be used to enhance young people’s cognitive and behavioural functioning, alongside growing general public ... More


Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

LESLIE IVERSEN

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines have had a relatively short, though chequered history. From their use in wartime, their abuse by the beat generation, up to the popularity of Ecstasy in the ... More


A brief history of the anhedonia hypothesis

Roy A. Wise

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the history of the so-called anhedonia hypothesis. The term anhedonia was first used in 1978 in connection with the assertion that pimozide blocks the reward quality of food. ... More


Learning disability

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Disorders of intellectual development— or learning disability (LD)— denote a permanent impairment of intelligence associated with limitations of social ... More


Drugs and the Adolescent Brain: Eggs Anyone?

Cheryl L. Sisk and Russell D. Romeo

in Coming of Age: The Neurobiology and Psychobiology of Puberty and Adolescence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780195314373
eISBN:
9780197507094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195314373.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 8 highlights some of the ways in which drugs can influence the adolescent brain and its development. Drug use typically begins during adolescence, in part because of increased risk-taking and ... More


Stimulants: From Coca to Caffeine

Jerrold Winter

in Our Love Affair with Drugs: The History, the Science, the Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190051464
eISBN:
9780197559451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051464.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Unlike the opiates, which are a rather homogeneous group, the drugs we call stimulants come in a variety of forms. In this chapter, we will devote most of our time to ... More


Stimulants and Dopamine Augmenters

Chiadi U. Onyike

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Stimulants are typically prescribed for their positive effects on mood, motivation, alertness, arousal, and energy. They are believed to exert their ... More


From Curiosi to Consumers

E.C. Spary

in Eating the Enlightenment: Food and the Sciences in Paris, 1670-1760

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226768861
eISBN:
9780226768885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226768885.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses urban consumption and the global trade of coffee. It discusses how coffee was viewed in France. Coffee was regarded as a symbol of increasing foreign invasion into French ways ... More


Rites of Entry at the Maritime Threshold

Nancy Um

in Shipped but Not Sold: Material Culture and the Social Protocols of Trade during Yemen's Age of Coffee

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866402
eISBN:
9780824875640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866402.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter delves into the ceremonial receptions that the local administration of the port of Mocha staged to welcome high-profile merchants when they arrived in the harbor from their extended sea ... More


Toning Up

Georges Vigarello

in The Metamorphoses of Fat: A History of Obesity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159760
eISBN:
9780231535304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159760.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter describes eighteenth-century treatments for the fat person. New slimming programs focused on the image of powerlessness and the theme of a collapse that favored fat buildup. An illness ... More


Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Fabrice Jotterand and Veljko Dubljevic (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

There is a growing literature in neuroethics dealing with cognitive neuroenhancement for healthy adults. However, discussions on this topic tend to focus on abstract theoretical positions while ... More


Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Kimberly A. McCord

in Teaching the Postsecondary Music Student with Disabilities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190467760
eISBN:
9780190467807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467760.003.0013
Subject:
Music, History, American

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is fairly common in college students. Unmedicated students often struggle with organization, focus, and social skills. Many college students with ADHD sell or ... More


Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate

Stephan Schleim and Boris B. Quednow

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter we argue that the use of stimulant drugs as performance enhancers is neither new nor more common than it was decades ago. Our literature analysis of scientific sources from the ... More


Cognitive Enhancement Down-Under: An Australian Perspective

Charmaine Jensen, Brad Partridge, Cynthia Forlini, Wayne Hall, and Jayne Lucke

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement (PCE) has not featured prominently in Australian health policy or public debates. Australia’s cultural values may differ from those of the United States, where ... More


Cognitive Enhancement in Canada: An Overview of Conceptual and Contextual Aspects, Policy Discussions, and Academic Research

Eric Racine

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

On a per capita basis, Canada is considered one of the heavier prescription drug using nations. This is in part due to its provincial public health care systems that provide broad and comprehensive ... More


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