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Priority to the Least Advantaged

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the implications of ‘priority to the worst off’. It is often argued that such a policy is counter-intuitive in that it can require the diversion of a great deal of resources to ... More


Addressing Disadvantage While Respecting People

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Social policies designed to help people by securing a particular functioning might harm them by risking other functionings. One example is housing, where policies of slum clearance and rehousing, ... More


Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness: A Practical Guide

Donald M. Linhorst

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195171877
eISBN:
9780199865338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The purpose of this book is to examine the opportunities for, and limitations to, empowerment among adults with severe mental illness who, historically, have lacked power and have been the focus of ... More


Bullying: A Guide to Research, Intervention, and Prevention

Faye Mishna

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199795406
eISBN:
9780199949687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795406.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The phenomenon of bullying is highly complex. Bullying issues span individual to societal variables, including individual characteristics and vulnerability, peer and family relationships and ... More


Untouchable

Aviad Kleinberg

in The Sensual God: How the Senses Make the Almighty Senseless

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174701
eISBN:
9780231540247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174701.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Where the finger of Doubting Thomas ends up in the flesh of St. Francis of Assisi.


Introduction

Avner Offer

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Obesity, which is rising in affluent societies, is bad for health, expensive to treat and stigmatising. Its prevalence is higher in market-liberal societies than in those with a more extensive ... More


Childhood ADHD: Biological Reality or Social Construction, with Policy Implications

Stephen P. Hinshaw

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

One of the greatest challenges that parents confront in raising children involves monitoring their health and managing to obtain the proper treatment when needed. Yet many parents are unable to ... More


Risk and Resiliency in Social Contexts

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explicates the construct of resilience within historical social contexts to illuminate an evolutionary perspective of contextual stresses and the ways in which they are negotiated and ... More


Public Interraciality: Managing Visibility

Amy C. Steinbugler

in Beyond Loving: Intimate Racework in Lesbian, Gay, and Straight Interracial Relationships

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199743551
eISBN:
9780199979370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743551.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter analyzes another form of racework that interracial partners use in public spaces—visibility management. By managing their visibility, interracial couples anticipate and protect ... More


Bastards: Politics, Family, and Law in Early Modern France

Matthew Gerber

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755370
eISBN:
9780199932603
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755370.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Family History

Commonly stigmatized as “bastards” in early modern France, children born out of wedlock were said to have neither kin nor kind, neither family nor nation. In practice, however, many natural parents ... More


Families, Schizophrenia, And Other Major Disorders: historical background

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter provides historical background and discusses etiological theories, deinstitutionalization, and stressors for families coping with psychiatric disorders. Situational stressors involve ... More


HIV/AIDS and the Deaf Community: A Conversation

Leila Monaghan and Deborah Karp

in Deaf around the World: The Impact of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732548
eISBN:
9780199866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732548.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

In this chapter the authors converse about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in deaf communities, recommending national, not local, action with regard to funding, information dissemination, and information ... More


Religious Life and Devotions

Stephen Haliczer

in Between Exaltation and Infamy: Female Mystics in the Golden Age of Spain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195148633
eISBN:
9780199869923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148630.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In rejecting the Protestant doctrine of justification by grace alone, the Counter‐Reformation reinforced the necessity of good works as the means toward salvation. This led women mystics to develop ... More


Living with Alzheimer's: Managing Memory Loss, Identity, and Illness

Renée L. Beard

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479800117
eISBN:
9781479855377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479800117.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Alzheimer’s is ubiquitous. Stories of the heart-wrenching drudgery of care giving, escalating incidence rates, and the new path to a cure just around the corner are everywhere. Yet we rarely see or ... More


Person-Process-Context: An Ecological Transactional Model

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explains the principal paradigm of the book — the person-process-context model — to answer the question: How do socially stigmatized individuals reconcile basic humanness in daily ... More


Getting Help: What Are the Barriers?

David Finkelhor

in Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the Lives of Young People

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342857
eISBN:
9780199863631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342857.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Most child crime victims are not reported to police, nor do they access any other professional victim service, despite evidence that there are positive outcomes to these processes. This chapter ... More


Conclusion

Vincenzo Ruggiero

in Crime and Markets: Essays in Anti-Criminology

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199248117
eISBN:
9780191697708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248117.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on criminal activities and anti-criminology. The analysis of crimes in the street and crimes of the elite suggest that the excess of ... More


Stigma, Oppression, Resilience, and Deaf Identities

Irene W. Leigh

in A Lens on Deaf Identities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195320664
eISBN:
9780199864584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320664.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The constructs of stereotyping, stigma, prejudice, discrimination, oppression, and resilience and their roles in deaf identity formation are explored in this chapter. The concept of normalcy has ... More


The Scarlet Gene: Behavioral Genetics, Criminal Law, and Racial and Ethnic Stigma

Karen Rothenberg and Alice Wang

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter contains six parts. Part I summarizes the Genes on Trial program and introduces the issues raised by it. Part II explains why behavioral genetics research tends to focus on discrete and ... More


Pauline Lair Lamotte: ‘Je sens que la vérité est là’

Susannah Wilson

in Voices from the Asylum: Four French Women Writers, 1850-1920

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579358
eISBN:
9780191595226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579358.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries), European Literature

This chapter examines the case of Pauline Lair Lamotte, a self‐proclaimed mystic under the care of Pierre Janet at the Salpêtrière during the 1880s and 1890s. This patient experienced stigmata and ... More


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