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Bird Brains, Social Contact, and Song

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the evolution of bird brain, social contact, and birdsong. Communicative capabilities are widespread, whether in song or through other forms of intimate social contact. One ... More


Marian Cleeves Diamond

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Marian Cleeves Diamond. Diamond's laboratory has three major scientific contributions: One, the structural components of the cerebral cortex can be altered ... More


Using ancestral gene resurrection to unravel the evolution of protein function

Joseph W. Thornton and Jamie T. Bridgham

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the use of ancestral gene resurrection to understand how the members of a biologically crucial gene family, the steroid hormone receptors, evolved their diverse and highly ... More


Concluding Statements and Current Challenges

Jacques Balthazart and Gregory F. Ball

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter summarizes the aims of this book, which was to provide a fair representation of the current state of knowledge concerning the production of brain estrogens and the role of these locally ... More


Natural Products and the Pharmaceutical Industry

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Natural Products have been exploited by humans as a means of treating illness, ailments and infections throughout recorded human history. Worldwide, NPs are still of major importance in health care. ... More


Androgens and Aggression

Neal G. Simon and Shi-Fang Lu

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter utilizes conspecific, offensive aggression in males and females as model systems to exemplify androgenic influences on aggressive behavior. This form of aggression is a productive ... More


Drugs of Abuse and Aggression

Jill M. Grimes, Lesley Ricci, Khampaseuth Rasakham, and Richard H. Melloni, Jr.

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter summarizes studies examining the link between drugs of abuse and the behavioral neurobiology of aggressive behavior in animal models. It considers studies examining how drug abuse ... More


Reproductive Endocrinology

Atul Kalhan (ed.)

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198729334
eISBN:
9780191916830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198729334.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Endocrinology and Diabetes


Biological Determinism of Sexual Orientation in Animals

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Unlike other aspects of human sexuality that have no equivalent in the animal, sexual orientation can be easily studied in animals. The test animal can be offered a choice between a male or female ... More


The Effects of Sex Steroids in Humans: Organizing Effects

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Chapters 3 and 4 reviewed many of the principles highlighted in various animal models on the effects of sex steroids on the expression of reproductive behavior, on sexual differentiation during ... More


The Effects of Sex Steroids in Humans: Activating Effects

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter argues that sexual motivation in humans and animals is essentially the result of the action of sex steroids on the brain and in particular on preoptic, hypothalamic, and limbic ... More


Sexual Orientation in Clinical Cases

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0049
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews a number of medical conditions that are all related, at least in part, to sexual orientation at odds with the genetic sex of the affected subjects. In several of these ... More


Research and Methodological Issues in the Study of Sex Differences and Hormone-Behavior Relations

Lisa A. Eckel, Arthur P. Arnold, Elizabeth Hampson, Jill B. Becker, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a conceptual and methodological overview of relevant issues in sex differences/sexual differentiation research, and provides guidance to investigators studying the role of sex ... More


Sex Differences in HPA Axis Regulation

Elizabeth A. Young, Ania Korszun, Helmer F. Figueiredo, Matia Banks-Solomon, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0000
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews the interactions between gonadal steroids and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, especially the ability of gonadal steroids to modulate glucocorticoidnegative ... More


Steroid Hormone Receptors and Sex Differences in Behavior

Toni R. Pak and Robert J. Handa

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses how gonadal steroid hormones contribute to broad sex differences in the behavior of adult animals and the underlying molecular mechanisms that mediate hormone action. During ... More


Sex Differences in the Organization of Movement

Evelyn F. Field and Ian Q. Whishaw

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents research focusing on the question of whether there are sex differences in the kinematic organization of movement. In addition, the relative contributions of gonadal steroids, ... More


Physiological Effects and Disease Manifestations of Performance-Enhancing Androgenic–Anabolic Steroids, Growth Hormone, and Insulin

Michael R. Graham, Julien S. Baker, Peter Evans, and Bruce Davies

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) can be used to increase muscle mass and strength in adult males. Despite successful detection and convictions by sporting anti-doping agencies, they are still ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Hormonally-regulated trade-offs: Evolutionary variability and phenotypic plasticity in testosterone signaling pathways

Michaela Hau and John C. Wingfield

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Hormones have been proposed as internal signals that mediate life history trade-offs in both invertebrates and vertebrates. This chapter reviews the evidence for such a role. It outlines possible ... More


Steroids: By Joe Herbert

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The adrenal cortex secretes a wide range of steroids. Nearly all attention has been focused on the role in brain damage of cortisol (or corticosterone, its counterpart in some species). Only recently ... More


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