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Exchange Rate Management and Micro Tools for Macro-Management

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at exchange rate management and other policy options for an open economy. It begins with an introductory discussion of overall macroeconomic management for open economies, ... More


 Preventing Pregnancy and Birth

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to women’s choices about contraception, sterilization, and abortion are presented. With regard to abortion, these include duration of gestation, condition of the ... More


‘Cutting Off the Worst’ Voluntary Sterilization in Britain in the 1930s

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King briefly reviews the historical and intellectual context in which the concept of eugenics developed and eventually led to the formation of the 1932 ‘Brock Committee’, which was charged with ... More


The Prostitute and the State

Victoria Harris

in Selling Sex in the Reich: Prostitutes in German Society, 1914-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578573
eISBN:
9780191722936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578573.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the interaction between prostitutes and the state agencies charged with controlling them, in particular, the development of, and rivalry between, the two major institutions ... More


Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Christine Rosen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preaching Eugenics tells the story of a heretofore-unexamined group of eugenics enthusiasts in the early half of the 20th century: American religious leaders. It describes how ... More


Fervent Charity

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the interaction of some of the earliest Protestant and Catholic supporters of the eugenics movement, and describes the earliest efforts to form an institutional eugenics movement. ... More


Sterilization, Birth Control, and the Catholic Confrontation with Eugenics

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although engaged in questioning the precepts of the eugenics movement from its inception, Catholic leaders’ interest in the movement reached its apogee in the late 1920s, when the twin issues of ... More


The State of Health

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Third Reich inherited a highly organized German health system. The Nazis also inherited a populace suffering from a wide variety of illnesses and diseases due to longstanding social and economic ... More


The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Mathew Thomson

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is the first detailed assessment of the development and implementation of social policy to deal with the problem of the ‘mentally deficient’ in Britain ... More


Governed through Choice: "Autonomy, Technology, and the Politics of Reproduction"

Jennifer M. Denbow

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479828838
eISBN:
9781479808977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479828838.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Women in the contemporary United States are facing heightened surveillance of their reproductive health and decisions in areas ranging from abortion law to sterilization regulation. While many of ... More


Conclusion

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study about the development and implementation of policies to address the mental deficiency ... More


The Board of Control

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Board of Control, the government department created under the 1913 Mental Deficiency Act in Great Britain to handle all ... More


The Sterilization Solution

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the third proposed solution for addressing the mental deficiency problem in Great Britain during the 1930s, which was to sterilize ... More


Involuntary Female Sterilization

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes a case involving Dr T, who is employed in a government-run hospital that treats an impoverished community. The community has a high birth rate, and the health care system is ... More


Chapter 14

Xiao Lu

in Dialogue

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028122
eISBN:
9789882206816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028122.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter discusses the author and Lan Jun's return to China in November 1997 after eight years in Australia. It discusses the author's observations about the changes and development in China. It ... More


Applications of accelerators

E. J. N. Wilson

in An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Thousands of low and medium energy accelerators are used in industry, medicine, and for research. Applications include ion implantation for computer chips, hardening of plastics, surface treatment of ... More


Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Alexandra Minna Stern

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285064
eISBN:
9780520960657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285064.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The first edition of this book explores the long and unsettled history of eugenics in the United States. This expanded second edition includes shocking details demonstrating that eugenics continues ... More


Law in a Catholic Framework

Patrick McKinley Brennan

in Teaching the Tradition: Catholic Themes in Academic Disciplines

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199795307
eISBN:
9780199932894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795307.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Positivism, the modern approach to law, respects only the will of the government or the will of the sovereign. The Catholic tradition of law recognizes that groups and individuals are always under a ... More


Reproductive Interventions

Sharmila Rudrappa

in Discounted Life: The Price of Global Surrogacy in India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479874521
eISBN:
9781479877140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479874521.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter discusses sterilization as birth control for rural women in India. In 1970s, female sterilization had been a popular and preferred way to institute birth control. Eighty-one percent of ... More


The Meaning of the Highest Attainable Standard of Health

John Tobin

in The Right to Health in International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199603299
eISBN:
9780191731662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603299.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the meaning and scope of the interest in which the right to health is grounded, namely ‘the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health’. This formulation does ... More


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