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Physiology of disparity detection

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Stereoscopic vision involves detection of the 3-D structure of stimuli from differences between the images in the two eyes. This chapter reviews what is known about the physiology of these detectors ... More


Stimulus tokens for stereopsis

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0199
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Binocular disparities used for stereoscopic vision can be based on any of several stimulus tokens. These tokens include differences in position, orientation, texture, color, temporal phase, or ... More


Pathology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Much can be learned about the visual system by studying clinical defects and abnormalities. This chapter reviews defects of depth perception that result from brain damage or genetic defects such as ... More


Effects of visual deprivation

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the effects of early deprivation of sight in one or both eyes. The discussions cover the effects of dark rearing; monocular deprivation; the critical period; amblyopia; and ... More


Limits of stereoscopic vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews methods for measuring stereoacuity and the factors that influence it. Topics covered include tests of stereoscopic vision, stereoacuity-basic concepts, the upper disparity limit; ... More


Depth and perceptual organization

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The appearance of an object or of the way we respond to it can be influenced by its perceived distance with respect to other objects. For instance, the way one object appears to move with respect to ... More


Introduction

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter begins with an overview of the chapters in these two volumes. Volume I deals with the basic visual mechanisms used in depth perception. Volume II deals with the perception ... More


Historical background

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the history of the subject to the early twentieth century. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the history of visual science, covering the Greeks; the ... More


Binocular fusion and rivalry

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The fact that inputs from two eyes feed into a common mechanism gives rise to several interesting problems. Signals from the two eyes that arise from the same object must be distinguished from ... More


Introduction

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of binocular vision and stereopsis, types of binocular stimuli and process, and cyclopean procedures. It then presents the history of physiological ... More


The limits of stereoscopic vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of basic terminology and tasks, tests of stereoscopic vision, and stereoacuity. It then covers spatial factors in stereoacuity, luminance contrast and ... More


Stereo constancy and depth cue interactions

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses vergence and perceived distance, interactions between binocular stereopsis and other depth cues, and stereoscopic depth constancy. Topics covered include visual distance and ... More


Depth contrast and interactive processes

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of stereopsis and absolute disparity, simultaneous depth contrast, and successive depth contrast. It then covers stereoscopic interpolation, stereo and figural ... More


Development and pathology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the development of the visual system and the development of binocular vision. It then covers stereoanomalies, brain damage and stereopsis, the effects of dark ... More


Binocular and stereoscopic vision in animals

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Stereoscopic vision is particularly well developed in mammals with foveas, frontal vision, hemidecussatting visual pathways, and vergence eye movements, such as felines and primates. This chapter ... More


Visual Depth Perception in the Animal Kingdom

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 3 Other Mechanisms of Depth Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764167
eISBN:
9780199949373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764167.003.0231
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Some insight into how depth-detection systems evolved may be gained by studying mechanisms of depth perception in the animal kingdom, from insects to mammals. Most of our knowledge about visual depth ... More


Development of perceptual functions

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0227
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with the development of visual perception and auditory localization in human infants. It starts with a review of the development of general visual functions, including visual ... More


Depth Perception

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

There are a number of cues to depth perception, the most important one being disparity, leading to stereopsis. Others are accommodation, convergence, motion parallax, interocular velocity ... More


Development of visual motion processing

John R. B. Wattam-Bell

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Motion is perhaps the most fundamental visual dimension. It provides one of the richest and least ambiguous sources of information about the contents and layout of the environment, and about the ... More


Neural processing of stereopsis as a function of viewing distance

Yves Trotter, Brigitte Stricanne, Simona Celebrini, Simon Thorpe, and Michel Imbert

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0226
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter covers neural processing of stereopsis as a function of viewing distance. When we want to grasp an object, we need to know its position relative to other objects in the visual field, its ... More


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