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Designing Risk Communication in Health

Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explores how the representation of statistical information affects the understanding of risks and uncertainties in medical contexts. Using mammography screening as a prime example, it is ... More


Reducing Unwarranted Variation in Clinical Practice by Supporting Clinicians and Patients in Decision Making

Albert G. Mulley and John E. Wennberg

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Variation in clinical practice in seemingly similar populations of patients has been described for more than seventy years. International collaboration to increase understanding of the sources of ... More


The Roots of Biometrical Statistics

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the roots of biometrical statistics. That the modern field of mathematical statistics developed out of biometry is not wholly fortuitous. The quantitative study of biological ... More


The Laws that Govern Chaos

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Adolphe Quetelet, who was among the few nineteenth-century statisticians who pursued a numerical social science of laws, not just of facts. Quetelet's contribution to ... More


Overview: investigating Newton's law

Peter J. Diggle and Amanda G. Chetwynd

in Statistics and Scientific Method: An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199543182
eISBN:
9780191774867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543182.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter uses a simple undergraduate physics experiment to illustrate how statistical thinking can contribute to every stage of a scientific investigation. The discussions cover Newton's laws of ... More


Introduction

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter provides an overview of statistics. Statistics has become known in the twentieth century as the mathematical tool for analyzing experimental and observational data. ... More


Statistics as Social Science

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses statistics as social science. The systematic study of social numbers in the spirit of natural philosophy was pioneered during the 1660s, and was known for about a century and a ... More


Conclusion

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter addresses how statistics has assumed the trappings of a modern academic discipline primarily during the last half century. The intellectual character of statistics had been ... More


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