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## Testing

*Qin Duo*

### in The Formation of Econometrics: A Historical Perspective

- Published in print:
- 1997
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198292876
- eISBN:
- 9780191596803
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198292872.003.0006
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought, Econometrics

Addresses the issue of testing, and reveals some intrinsic problems pertaining to hypothesis testing beneath the achievements of formalizing econometrics. Theory verification through applied studies ... More

## Chance variation

*J. Mark Elwood*

### in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780198529552
- eISBN:
- 9780191723865
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.07
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of chance variation that can be assessed by applying statistical tests. It is divided into three parts: the application of statistical tests and confidence limits ... More

## Statistical treatment

*Thomas D. Wickens*

### in Elementary Signal Detection Theory

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- April 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780195092509
- eISBN:
- 9780199893812
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.003.0011
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter collects several issues concerned with the statistical treatment of signal-detection data: variability of the parameter estimates (confidence intervals and hypothesis tests), measuring ... More

## Random Error

*David A. Savitz*

### in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195108408
- eISBN:
- 9780199865765
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0010
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses random error. Topics covered include taking a sequential approach to considering random and systematic error, special considerations in evaluating random error in observational ... More

## Statistical Power and Sample Size Calculations

*Steve Selvin*

### in Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195172805
- eISBN:
- 9780199865697
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172805.003.03
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the power of a statistical test and the closely related issue of sample size. Topics covered include normal distribution, Poisson distribution, sample size, and loss of ... More

## Analyzing and Interpreting Data

*Richard C. Dicker*

### in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- August 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780190933692
- eISBN:
- 9780190624279
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0008
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

A well-planned and carefully executed analysis is essential for any epidemiologic study, even one conducted during the frenzy of a field investigation. An analysis plan, or at least table shells, ... More

## Statistical Strategies for Translational ERP Studies

*Todd C. Handy, Lindsay S. Nagamatsu, Marla J. S. Mickleborough, and Teresa Y. L. Liu-Ambrose*

### in Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- August 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780262013086
- eISBN:
- 9780262258876
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.003.0009
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter concentrates on the traditional least squares approach to equal means testing in general, and univariate repeated-measures ANOVA as typically applied to event-related potential (ERP) ... More

## Tests of Statistical Significance

*Brian D. Haig*

### in The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods: Understanding Statistics

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780190222055
- eISBN:
- 9780190871734
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190222055.003.0003
- Subject:
- Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 3 provides a brief overview of null hypothesis significance testing and points out its primary defects. It then outlines the neo-Fisherian account of tests of statistical significance, along ... More

## Random and systematic errors

*Simon Parsons and William Clegg*

### in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199219469
- eISBN:
- 9780191722516
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0016
- Subject:
- Physics, Crystallography

This chapter outlines some basic statistical methods and shows their application in crystallography, particularly in analysing the results. Concepts include: random and systematic errors, precision ... More

## Sampling Design

*Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier*

### in Monitoring Rocky Shores

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780520247284
- eISBN:
- 9780520932715
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of California Press
- DOI:
- 10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0004
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

The decision about what study design to use is a fundamental decision that will determine what inferences can be made from data collected, and even whether the data will be valid for use in the ... More

## Major Contributions of Econophysics to Financial Economics

*Franck Jovanovic and Christophe Schinckus*

### in Econophysics and Financial Economics: An Emerging Dialogue

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- December 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780190205034
- eISBN:
- 9780190205065
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205034.003.0005
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 5 identifies what the potential contributions of econophysics to financial economics. First of all, the way econophysics models are or could be used in trading rooms is discussed. Then the ... More

## Hypothesis Testing in Regression Models

*M. Hashem Pesaran*

### in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- March 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198736912
- eISBN:
- 9780191800504
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0003
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter introduces some key concepts of statistical inference and shows their use to investigate the statistical significance of the (linear) relationships modelled through regression analysis, ... More

## The Hidden Histories of Statistical Tests

*Harry Collins*

### in Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780226052298
- eISBN:
- 9780226052328
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of Chicago Press
- DOI:
- 10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.003.0006
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Statistical tests appear to be merely matters of calculation but they depend on all manner of assumptions and things that cannot be known. The war between Bayesians and Frequentists is explained.

## Study of clustering and outbreaks

*Paul Elliott and Anna Hansell*

### in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- June 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199685004
- eISBN:
- 9780191765315
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0025
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter concerns investigation of outbreaks of chronic disease, particularly those potentially related to chronic exposures to environmental pollutants. Key concepts covered are context, ... More

## Financial Applications of Real-Estate Derivatives

*Radu S. Tunaru*

### in Real-Estate Derivatives: From Econometrics to Financial Engineering

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198742920
- eISBN:
- 9780191802874
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198742920.003.0006
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics, Financial Economics

This chapter shows some applications of real-estate derivatives. These include trading strategies and also an extensive arbitrage detection analysis. The linkages between the over-the-counter markets ... More

## The Fossil Record: Biological or Geological Signal?

*Michael J. Benton*

### in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780226748610
- eISBN:
- 9780226748597
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of Chicago Press
- DOI:
- 10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0003
- Subject:
- Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines modern approaches to perhaps the oldest problem in paleontology, specifically the perceived incompleteness of the fossil record. It focuses on the larger-scale patterns that may ... More

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