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Testing

Qin Duo

in The Formation of Econometrics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292876
eISBN:
9780191596803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292872.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought, Econometrics

Addresses the issue of testing, and reveals some intrinsic problems pertaining to hypothesis testing beneath the achievements of formalizing econometrics. Theory verification through applied studies ... More


Chance variation

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of chance variation that can be assessed by applying statistical tests. It is divided into three parts: the application of statistical tests and confidence limits ... More


Statistical treatment

Thomas D. Wickens

in Elementary Signal Detection Theory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195092509
eISBN:
9780199893812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter collects several issues concerned with the statistical treatment of signal-detection data: variability of the parameter estimates (confidence intervals and hypothesis tests), measuring ... More


Random Error

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses random error. Topics covered include taking a sequential approach to considering random and systematic error, special considerations in evaluating random error in observational ... More


Statistical Power and Sample Size Calculations

Steve Selvin

in Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172805
eISBN:
9780199865697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172805.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the power of a statistical test and the closely related issue of sample size. Topics covered include normal distribution, Poisson distribution, sample size, and loss of ... More


Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Richard C. Dicker

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

A well-planned and carefully executed analysis is essential for any epidemiologic study, even one conducted during the frenzy of a field investigation. An analysis plan, or at least table shells, ... More


Statistical Strategies for Translational ERP Studies

Todd C. Handy, Lindsay S. Nagamatsu, Marla J. S. Mickleborough, and Teresa Y. L. Liu-Ambrose

in Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013086
eISBN:
9780262258876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter concentrates on the traditional least squares approach to equal means testing in general, and univariate repeated-measures ANOVA as typically applied to event-related potential (ERP) ... More


Tests of Statistical Significance

Brian D. Haig

in The Philosophy of Quantitative Methods: Understanding Statistics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190222055
eISBN:
9780190871734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190222055.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 3 provides a brief overview of null hypothesis significance testing and points out its primary defects. It then outlines the neo-Fisherian account of tests of statistical significance, along ... More


Random and systematic errors

Simon Parsons and William Clegg

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter outlines some basic statistical methods and shows their application in crystallography, particularly in analysing the results. Concepts include: random and systematic errors, precision ... More


Sampling Design

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The decision about what study design to use is a fundamental decision that will determine what inferences can be made from data collected, and even whether the data will be valid for use in the ... More


Major Contributions of Econophysics to Financial Economics

Franck Jovanovic and Christophe Schinckus

in Econophysics and Financial Economics: An Emerging Dialogue

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190205034
eISBN:
9780190205065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205034.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 5 identifies what the potential contributions of econophysics to financial economics. First of all, the way econophysics models are or could be used in trading rooms is discussed. Then the ... More


Hypothesis Testing in Regression Models

M. Hashem Pesaran

in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736912
eISBN:
9780191800504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter introduces some key concepts of statistical inference and shows their use to investigate the statistical significance of the (linear) relationships modelled through regression analysis, ... More


The Hidden Histories of Statistical Tests

Harry Collins

in Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Statistical tests appear to be merely matters of calculation but they depend on all manner of assumptions and things that cannot be known. The war between Bayesians and Frequentists is explained.


Study of clustering and outbreaks

Paul Elliott and Anna Hansell

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter concerns investigation of outbreaks of chronic disease, particularly those potentially related to chronic exposures to environmental pollutants. Key concepts covered are context, ... More


Financial Applications of Real-Estate Derivatives

Radu S. Tunaru

in Real-Estate Derivatives: From Econometrics to Financial Engineering

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198742920
eISBN:
9780191802874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198742920.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics, Financial Economics

This chapter shows some applications of real-estate derivatives. These include trading strategies and also an extensive arbitrage detection analysis. The linkages between the over-the-counter markets ... More


The Fossil Record: Biological or Geological Signal?

Michael J. Benton

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines modern approaches to perhaps the oldest problem in paleontology, specifically the perceived incompleteness of the fossil record. It focuses on the larger-scale patterns that may ... More


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