Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-11 of 11 items

  • Keywords: statistical lives x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Variable Value of Life and Fairness to the Already Ill: Two Promising but Tenuous Arguments for Treatment’s Priority

Paul T. Menzel

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When prevention and treatment equally save real lives and avoid real suffering, their results appear to have equivalent value. This creates a strong initial case for a policy of priority equivalence ... More


The Benefit-Transfer Approach: Valuing Health Risks in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lisa A. Robinson and James K. Hammitt

in The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199934386
eISBN:
9780199333028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934386.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Experience with cost-benefit analysis in developed countries has produced a wealth of data on individual preferences. Because of a relative dearth of data collected directly in developing countries, ... More


Treatment versus Prevention in the Fight against HIV/AIDS and the Problem of Identified versus Statistical Lives

Johann Frick

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

For years, debates about the best way to combat the AIDS pandemic have pitted proponents of scaling up antiretroviral treatment for people suffering from AIDS against those advocating for more ... More


Identified versus Statistical Lives: Some Introductory Issues and Arguments

Dan W. Brock

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces and briefly evaluates several arguments commonly thought to support the moral importance of the distinction between statistical and identified lives in the context of saving ... More


Statistical Lives in Environmental Law

Lisa Heinzerling

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Environmental law focuses on coming probabilities, spread across human populations, rather than on past events, visited upon individuals, and thus it fixes attention on statistical rather than ... More


Statistical versus Identified Lives: Why Not to Use the “R” Word

Paul T. Menzel

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When experts write guidelines for patient care for a health condition, they speak about a certain population of patients from a statistical perspective. When clinicians care for patients who have ... More


Can International Law Stop Genocide When Our Moral Intuitions Fail Us?

Paul Slovic and David Zionts

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 5, psychologist Paul Slovic and legal scholar David Zionts discuss psychological constraints that impede individuals' ability to respond to the plight of large numbers of people. As a ... More


The Callousness Objection

Andreas Mogensen

in Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841364
eISBN:
9780191881428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841364.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, Andreas Mogensen discusses the suggestion that one might be morally obligated to let the child drown in Singer’s infamous “Shallow Pond” case, so that one can save a greater number ... More


Macroeconomic Consequences of HIV/AIDS

Markus Haacker

in The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198718048
eISBN:
9780191787461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

While it is plausible that HIV/AIDS slows down GDP growth in the longer run, as a relatively smaller population translates into lower GDP, the empirical evidence on the impact of HIV/AIDS on economic ... More


Estimating the Value of Statistical Life for Children in Metro Manila

Rosalina Palanca-Tan

in Environment and Development Economics: Essays in Honour of Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199677856
eISBN:
9780191757266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677856.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter estimates the value of a statistical life for children in metropolitan Manila, based on adults’ stated willingness to pay for dengue vaccines. Using a novel approach involving play-like ... More


Benefit-Cost Analysis

Lisa A. Robinson and James K. Hammitt

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Decisions on investing in health as well as other policies require deciding how to best allocate available resources—recognizing that using labor, materials, and other resources for one purpose means ... More


View: