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Launching the Century of the Patient

Gerd Gigerenzer and J. A. Muir Gray

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Efficient health care requires informed doctors and patients. The health care system inherited from the 20th century falls short on both counts. Many doctors and most patients do not understand the ... More


Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Gerd Gigerenzer and J.A. Muir Gray (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Contrary to popular opinion, one of the main problems in providing uniformly excellent health care is not lack of money but lack of knowledge—on the part of both doctors and patients. The studies in ... More


The Chasm between Evidence and Practice: Extent, Causes, and Remedies

Richard S. W. Smith

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Studies consistently show that health care practitioners are poor at processing statistical information on risk. Indeed, almost everybody in health care, apart from a few people with advanced ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Journalism: Are Its Days Numbered?

Bruce Bower

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

At a time when financial pressures and a digital revolution threaten the survival of many media outlets, a focus on statistical literacy can improve health and medical reporting and perhaps foster ... More


Helping Doctors and Patients Make Sense of Health Statistics

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many doctors, patients, journalists, and politicians alike do not understand what health statistics mean, or they draw wrong conclusions without noticing. The causes of statistical illiteracy should ... More


When Misinformed Patients Try to Make Informed Health Decisions

Wolfgang Gaissmaier and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Statistical illiteracy in health—the inability to understand health statistics—is widespread among the general public. Many people find it hard to accept uncertainty in the first place and, even if ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Doctors

Odette Wegwarth and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In most psychological, legal, and medical research, patients are assumed to have difficulties with health statistics but clinicians not. Doctors may be said to pay insufficient attention to their ... More


The Radical Statistics Group: using statistics for progressive social change

Jeff Evans and Ludi Simpson

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The UK-based Radical Statistics Group has a long-standing role in shaping statistics to support progressive social change. It has worked to demystify and critique official statistics, and to trace ... More


Critical statistical literacy and interactive data visualisations

Jim Ridgway, James Nicholson, Sinclair Sutherland, and Spencer Hedger

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0028
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Large amounts of data, relevant to decision making and political argument, are now available. However, these data are often accessible only to people with reasonably developed skills in data ... More


Statistical literacy and the news media

Andrew Gelman and Deborah Nolan

in Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785699
eISBN:
9780191827518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785699.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

An important theme in an introductory statistics course is the connection between statistics and the outside world. Described in this chapter are assignments that can be useful in getting students to ... More


A Conceptual Roadmap for Social Science Methods in Human Rights Fact-Finding

Margaret L. Satterthwaite and Justin C. Simeone

in The Transformation of Human Rights Fact-Finding

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190239480
eISBN:
9780190239527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239480.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Quantitative analyses are a powerful tool in the human rights practitioner’s methodology toolbox. Statistics allow researchers to reframe and examine topics in order to provide context or insights ... More


Numeracy’s Secret Connection with Life Outcomes

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Numeracy’s Secret Connection with Life Outcomes,” reviews available evidence for numeracy’s relations with outcomes in health, employment, and personal finances. Less numerate people ... More


Issues and Opportunities in Objective Numeracy Research

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Issues and Opportunities in Objective Numeracy Research,” discusses three cross-cutting questions in objective numeracy research. The first two issues concern the correlational nature ... More


The Types and Extent of Innumeracy

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “The Types and Extent of Innumeracy,” briefly describes three kinds of numeric competency. First, people can score high or low on tests of their understanding and use of mathematical ... More


Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Ellen Peters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Innumeracy in the Wild explains how numeric ability supports the quality of the decisions we make and, ultimately, the life outcomes we experience. It dissects three ways that people can be good or ... More


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