Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-17 of 17 items

  • Keywords: statistical evidence x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Common Law Principles and the Expression and Use of Forensic Evidence in Criminal Cases

Andrew Ligertwood

in Principles, Procedure, and Justice: Essays in honour of Adrian Zuckerman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198850410
eISBN:
9780191885433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850410.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

The presentation of expert forensic science evidence in rigorous statistical terms raises the question of how lay fact-finders (judges and jurors) might employ such evidence to prove events in issue. ... More


The Likelihood Paradigm for Statistical Evidence

Richard Royall

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Statistical methods aim to answer a variety of questions about observations. A simple example occurs when a fairly reliable test for a condition or substance, C, has given a positive result. Three ... More


Knowledge and persons

Sarah Moss

in Probabilistic Knowledge

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198792154
eISBN:
9780191861260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792154.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter applies probabilistic knowledge to problems in legal and moral philosophy. It is argued that legal standards of proof require factfinders to know probabilistic contents. For instance, ... More


Evidence Law

Eyal Zamir and Doron Teichman

in Behavioral Law and Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190901349
eISBN:
9780190901387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190901349.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter consists of three main parts. It first discusses the effect of various cognitive limitations, heuristics, and biases on the actual and perceived credibility of various types of ... More


‘More Likely Than Not’Knowledge First and the Role of Bare Statistical Evidence in Courts of Law

Michael Blome-Tillmann

in Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198716310
eISBN:
9780191785023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716310.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In this chapter, Michael Blome-Tillmann argues that embracing a knowledge-first approach can help to resolve important epistemological problems in legal philosophy. Blome-Tillmann takes, as a ... More


Second-Personal Evidence

Alex Stein

in Philosophical Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198859307
eISBN:
9780191891748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859307.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter draws on Hohfeld’s scheme of jural opposites and correlatives to identify the irreducibly second-personal nature of legal entitlements and the interplay between the right-holder’s ... More


Paradoxes of Proof

Mark Spottswood

in Philosophical Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198859307
eISBN:
9780191891748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859307.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter offers a review of scholarship concerning the proof paradoxes along with some critical comments of my own. Particular attention is given to problems of naked statistical evidence and the ... More


What Justifies Belief

Martin Smith

in Between Probability and Certainty: What Justifies Belief

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755333
eISBN:
9780191816635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755333.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, the risk minimisation conception of justification is criticised for its predictions about the force of statistical evidence, and it is argued that justification cannot be understood ... More


The Problem with Naked Statistical Evidence

Christian Dahlman and Amit Pundik

in Philosophical Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198859307
eISBN:
9780191891748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859307.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

There has been much debate over the value of naked statistical evidence (NSE). However, while most scholars agree that it is problematic to base a verdict on NSE, they disagree on why it is ... More


Medicine Murder: Belief and Incidence

Murray Colin and Sanders Peter

in Medicine Murder in Colonial Lesotho: The Anatomy of a Moral Crisis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622849
eISBN:
9780748652952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622849.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

The belief that medicine derived from human parts could be used to increase someone's social power is fundamental to an understanding of the conspiracies investigated here. The first part of this ... More


Moral Obligation and Epistemic Risk

Zoë Johnson King and Boris Babic

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 10

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198867944
eISBN:
9780191904578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867944.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter concerns pernicious predictive inferences: taking someone to be likely to possess a socially disvalued trait based on statistical information about the prevalence of that trait within a ... More


Probabilistic Knowledge

Sarah Moss

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198792154
eISBN:
9780191861260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792154.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Traditional philosophical discussions of knowledge have focused on the epistemic status of full beliefs. This book argues that in addition to full beliefs, credences can constitute knowledge. For ... More


The Reproducibility Crisis

Gary Smith and Jay Cordes

in The Phantom Pattern Problem: The Mirage of Big Data

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198864165
eISBN:
9780191896514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864165.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Attempts to replicate reported studies often fail because the research relied on data mining—searching through data for patterns without any pre-specified, coherent theories. The perils of data ... More


Generalizations and Reference Classes

Michael S. Pardo and Ronald J. Allen

in Philosophical Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198859307
eISBN:
9780191891748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859307.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the implications of the reference-class problem for attempts to model the probative value of evidence in mathematical terms. This examination makes three distinct contributions ... More


Statistical Evidence of Secularization in England

Bryan R. Wilson

in Religion in Secular Society: Fifty Years On

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198788379
eISBN:
9780191830297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788379.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

In this chapter Wilson presents statistical evidence of decline in such indices of popular religious interest as church membership, church attendance, and the religious sacralizing of such vital ... More


The Determinants of Progressive Era Reform: The Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906

Marc T. Law and Gary D. Libecap (eds)

in Corruption and Reform: Lessons from America's Economic History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226299570
eISBN:
9780226299594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226299594.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores the origins and effects of the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906 in the U.S. It explains that the Act provided regulators unprecedented authority over interstate trade in food and ... More


The Miasma of Boredom

John Kekes

in Human Predicaments: And What to Do about Them

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226359458
eISBN:
9780226359595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226359595.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In our evaluative framework, boredom with life as whole, as opposed to episodic of boredom we all experience on some occasions, is becoming a serious problem. Freedom and affluence have opened up ... More


View: