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Rethinking Cognitive Biases as Environmental Consequences

Gerd Gigerenzer, Klaus Fiedler, and Henrik Olsson

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Cognitive processes and their adaptive functions can hardly be understood if we look exclusively inside the mind, such as when we try to explain behavior with traits, attitudes, or preferences. ... More


The Transition Between Noise (Disorder) and Structure (Order)

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Texture refers to the surface characteristics of an object resulting from the quality and arrangement of its particles or constituent parts. One extensive set of experiments focused on the ... More


Types, Distribution, and Lexico-Grammatical Realization of Discourse Presentation Categories and Their Functional Implications

Beatrix Busse

in Speech, Writing, and Thought Presentation in 19th-Century Narrative Fiction: A Corpus-Assisted Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190212360
eISBN:
9780190212384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190212360.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

The fourth chapter presents the quantitative findings for the categories of speech, writing, and thought presentation in the corpus of 19th-century narrative fiction and compares their statistical ... More


Color Spaces and Color Order Systems: A Primer

Rolf G. Kuehni

in Color Ontology and Color Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013857
eISBN:
9780262312493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013857.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the ordering of color percepts, and starts by presenting an overview of the critical issues surrounding the topic and by examining the relationship between stimuli and ... More


Significant Digits and the Significand

Arno Berger and Theodore P. Hill

in An Introduction to Benford's Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163062
eISBN:
9781400866588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163062.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Benford's law is a statement about the statistical distribution of significant (decimal) digits or, equivalently, about significands, namely fraction parts in floating-point arithmetic. Thus, a ... More


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