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Why Social Sciences Are Not Scientific Enough

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Science is not only about the empirical “What is?” but also very much about the conceptual “How should it be on logical grounds?” Statistical approaches are essentially descriptive, while ... More


Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Social indicators are an important tool for evaluating a country's level of social development and for assessing the impact of policy. Such indicators are already in use in investigating poverty and ... More


The Impact of Household Responsibility Systems on Farm Productivity

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In line with several crop-production enhancement plans, there has been an emerging political and micro-institutional reform: the replacement of team effort by farm households as the basic ... More


International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

International Smoking Statistics presents a valuable collection of smoking data relating to thirty countries—most of Europe, and also Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, USA, and the ... More


The Great Terror in Historical Perspective: The Records of the Statistical Department of the Investigative Organs of OGPU/NKVD

Stephen G. Wheatcroft

in The Anatomy of Terror: Political Violence under Stalin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199655663
eISBN:
9780191757518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655663.003.0016
Subject:
History, Political History, Social History

There is much quantitative data on different aspects of the Soviet repressive system, but there has remained a reluctance to place much faith in these data. Oleg Khlevniuk rightly stated that until ... More


Meta-analysis: The Methodology

William R. Uttal

in Reliability in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Meta-Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018524
eISBN:
9780262312042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018524.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the importance of extensive and obvious meta-analysis of brain image data. Lack of statistical data due to the variability of experimental data unable to differentiate actual ... More


The Likelihood Paradigm for Statistical Evidence

Richard Royall

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Statistical methods aim to answer a variety of questions about observations. A simple example occurs when a fairly reliable test for a condition or substance, C, has given a positive result. Three ... More


Human Rights and Citizenship: The Need for Better Data and What to Do about It

Bela Hovy

in Children Without a State: A Global Human Rights Challenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015271
eISBN:
9780262295437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015271.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The quality of statistical data and availability on people with citizenship status problems are assessed in this chapter, which also examines state signatories data relevant to the United Nations ... More


The Great Terror in Leningrad: Evidence from the Leningradskii martirolog

Melanie Ilic

in The Anatomy of Terror: Political Violence under Stalin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199655663
eISBN:
9780191757518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655663.003.0017
Subject:
History, Political History, Social History

This chapter offers a detailed case study of the victims of the Great Terror in Leningrad. It draws on the documentary materials published in the eight volumes of the Leningradskii martirolog, 1937–8 ... More


Neural Network Methods for Data Analysis and Statistical Error Reduction

Lionel Raff, Ranga Komanduri, Martin Hagan, and Satish Bukkapatnam

in Neural Networks in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199765652
eISBN:
9780197563113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765652.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The use of neural networks (NNs) to predict an outcome or the output results as a function of a set of input parameters has been gaining wider acceptance with the advance in computer technology as ... More


Disability’s Other: The Production of “Normal Men” in Midcentury America

Anna Creadick

in Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190458997
eISBN:
9780190459024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458997.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The notion of “disability” relies on the concept of “normal.” Like disability, normality has a traceable history as an epistemological category. The mobilization of soldiers during World War II and, ... More


Performance against Objectives

Gillian Doyle

in The Rise and Fall of the Uk Film Council

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748698233
eISBN:
9781474416122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698233.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter analyses the performance of the UK Film Council in relation to some of its key stated policy objectives and funding schemes and initiatives. As a distinctive organisation with few ... More


The Economy of the Mughal Empire c. 1595: A Statistical Study

Shireen Moosvi

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199450541
eISBN:
9780199085491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450541.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This is a revised version of a seminal work first published in 1987. Until then no real quantitative study of India’s precolonial economy had appeared, and statistical analysis had not really been ... More


Country Code Top-Level Domains

Torsten Bettinger

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In addition to the gTLDs, there are currently some 250 spaces known as ‘country code top-level domains’ (ccTLDs). ccTLDs were established at the dawn of the Internet, with the intention of ... More


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