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Why Social Sciences Are Not Scientific Enough

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Science is not only about the empirical “What is?” but also very much about the conceptual “How should it be on logical grounds?” Statistical approaches are essentially descriptive, while ... More


Ethnic Conflict and Secessionism

Dawn Brancati

in Peace by Design: Managing Intrastate Conflict through Decentralization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549009
eISBN:
9780191720307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549009.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Through statistical analysis, this chapter tests the generalizability of its argument regarding the effect of decentralization and regional parties on ethnic conflict and secessionism. The analysis ... More


Regional Parties

Dawn Brancati

in Peace by Design: Managing Intrastate Conflict through Decentralization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549009
eISBN:
9780191720307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549009.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter tests the generalizability of the book's argument regarding the effect of decentralization on the electoral strength of regional parties using statistical analysis. The analysis also ... More


The Dowser in the Fields: Searching for MEG Sources

Sylvain Baillet

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the statistical tools available for the analysis of distributed activation maps defined either on the 2D cortical surface or throughout the 3D brain volume. Statistical analysis ... More


Analyzing and Interpreting Public Health Surveillance Data

Patrick S. Sullivan, Matthew T. McKenna, Lance A. Waller, G. David Williamson, and Lisa M. Lee

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter includes several new sections on inferential analysis of public health surveillance data. It provides a guide using a thoughtful approach to complex statistical analyses for the data ... More


Converting from Descriptive Analysis to Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The results of existing statistical analysis can sometimes be used to estimate the parameters in quantitatively predictive logical models. This is important, because it expands the value of ... More


Introduction

Guo Shenyang

in Survival Analysis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195337518
eISBN:
9780199864256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337518.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This introductory chapter begins with a description of survival analysis. It then discusses why and when survival analysis is needed, and the significance of conducting survival analysis. An overview ... More


Generalizations

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter considers the typical modes of generalization used in the qualitative and quantitative research traditions. Generalization can be descriptive or causal. A descriptive generalization ... More


Why Truth Matters: The Role of Health Statistics in Health Policy

Judith Feder and Larry Levitt

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the role of statistical analysis in health reform, or the making of the nation's policies on health insurance coverage. It begins with an overview of the policy process in ... More


Political Behavior, Old and New

Warren E. Miller

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides a dissemination of the differences between ‘old’ and ‘new’ political behaviour research in data analysis, specifically in voting and the study of democracy. The ‘new’ and the ‘old’ differ in ... More


Bioinformatics of gene expression and copy number data integration

Outi Monni and Sampsa Hautaniemi

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter discusses methods to measure and integrate microarray-based copy number and gene expression data. It is well-known that gene copy number alterations are a key factor in cancer ... More


Transformative Meaning in Sound, Empowered Sound in Culture

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 6 details a power-laden and affective symbol, metaphor, poetic and musical sign in Pamir culture that is central to concepts of health and healing. This is done through poetic and musical ... More


Clinical epidemiology

John A. Baron and Henrik Toft Sørensen

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The term ‘clinical epidemiology’ has been interpreted in various ways, but the core of the discipline is generally understood to be the application of epidemiological and biostatistical techniques to ... More


Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn Bromet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Searching for the causes of mental disorders is as exciting as it is complex. The relationship between pathophysiology and its overt manifestations is exceedingly intricate, and often the causes of a ... More


Measurement and Analysis

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on measurement of exposures, risk factors, prognostic factors, in addition to statistical analysis methods for assessing the association of those factors with disease outcomes. ... More


Of Questions Not Asked: Measuring Effectiveness in the Counterinsurgency Era

Gregory A. Daddis

in No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This opening chapter, covering 1955–1965, provides an overview of contemporary counterinsurgency theory and analyzes the army’s counterinsurgency doctrine. It also illustrates the increasing ... More


Using Quantitative Approaches to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter devotes itself to describing and then applying quantitative methods to evaluate policy outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of quantitative methods, particularly from an ... More


Power Statistics for Meta-analysis: Tests for Mean Effects and Homogeneity

Marc J. Lajeunesse

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The common justification for meta-analysis is the increased statistical power to detect effects over what is obtained from individual studies. For ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the ... More


Researcher Incentives and Empirical Methods

EDWARD L. GLAESER

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The notion of incentives is a concept rarely undermined in the context of economics because this plays no small part in explaining behavior: the occurrences of a certain act or behavior would rise if ... More


Primary Production: Guiding Principles and Standards for Measurement

Timothy J. Fahey and Alan K. Knapp

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A uniform guiding set of principles and standards is needed to provide conformity of primary production measurements even though specific procedures must be adapted to accommodate the unique features ... More


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