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Concurrent Coupling of Atomistic and Continuum Models

Mei Xu

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents a review of concurrent multiscale methods for coupling continuum, molecular, and quantum mechanics with a particular emphasis on the Bridging Domain Method. An expanded taxonomy ... More


Introduction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes logic as a theory of belief‐statics from our sought account of belief dynamics. The various kinds of belief change are classified. These are: surrendering, adopting or ... More


Method, Dynamics, and Statics

John Hicks

in Methods of Dynamic Economics

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198772873
eISBN:
9780191596438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198772874.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter defines the terms methods and models. A method is a family or class of models. A model is a piece of theory, a theoretical construction, which is intended to be applied to a certain ... More


A Simple Equilibrium in Performance

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

How A scores in the esteem stakes depends on the assessment of A’s performance relative to standards. The higher the standards the greater the incentive to perform well, other things equal. But ... More


Comparative Static Analysis of the Simplest Input‐Output System

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses formal similarities between the exchange equilibrium under weak gross substitutability and the static input–output system as represented by various Leontief‐type models. By ... More


The Uses of Place

Martin Meisel

in How Plays Work: Reading and Performance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199215492
eISBN:
9780191695957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215492.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Drama

Duration and location are features of performance; time and place are intrinsic to the play. Of the latter two, place would seem the simpler matter, as less essentially ‘dramatic’. The dramatic uses ... More


A Very Social Darwinist: Herbert Spencer’s Lamarckian Radicalism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following recent scholarship it is clear that Herbert Spencer was no social Darwinist, rather his Lamarckian politics reflected an appreciation of the radicalism of William Godwin and Erasmus Darwin. ... More


Matching by Categories

Pierre-André Chiappori

in Matching with Transfers: The Economics of Love and Marriage

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171739
eISBN:
9781400885732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171739.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter considers matching by categories, beginning with a discussion of a specific but empirically very relevant family of models in order to provide a richer representation of heterogeneity ... More


Shaping the Unruly Statistician

Theodore M. Porter

in History of Universities: Volume XXXIV/1: A Global History of Research Education: Disciplines, Institutions, and Nations, 1840-1950

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192844774
eISBN:
9780191933349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192844774.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Statistics achieved something like disciplinary status in universities as a mathematical and methodological field during the first half of the twentieth century. Yet the experience of statistics ... More


A Text Rhetorically Designed to Unite Competing Fields

in Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226099064
eISBN:
9780226099088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099088.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses some of the rhetorical maneuvers that can be discovered through a study of Dobzhansky's text in its social and intellectual context. The tools that Dobzhansky used to amplify ... More


Squiggly Economics

Robert G. Chambers

in Competitive Agents in Certain and Uncertain Markets

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190063016
eISBN:
9780190063047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190063016.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics, Microeconomics

Three generic economic optimization problems (expenditure (cost) minimization, revenue maximization, and profit maximization) are studied using the mathematical tools developed in Chapters 2 and 3. ... More


The Principle of Virtual Work

Jennifer Coopersmith

in The Lazy Universe: An Introduction to the Principle of Least Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743040
eISBN:
9780191802966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743040.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The meaning behind the mysterious Principle of Virtual Work is explained. Some worked examples in statics (equilibrium) are given, and the method of Virtual Work is compared and contrasted with the ... More


Rigid Beams and the Foundations of Physics

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in A Miracle Creed: The Principle of Optimality in Leibniz's Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197629079
eISBN:
9780197629109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197629079.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Leibniz’s ingenious treatment of the breaking strength of rigid bodies. In 1684, in a seminal paper published in the Acta Eruditorum, Leibniz offered a model of the behavior of ... More


Hanging Chains and Monadic Agency

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in A Miracle Creed: The Principle of Optimality in Leibniz's Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197629079
eISBN:
9780197629109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197629079.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks to Leibniz’s work on catenaries—freely hanging cords suspended at both ends—for insight into his understanding of monadic agency. After discussing Leibniz’s understanding of ... More


Falling Bodies and the Rise of Variational Mechanics

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in A Miracle Creed: The Principle of Optimality in Leibniz's Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197629079
eISBN:
9780197629109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197629079.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Leibniz’s efforts with respect to the famous problem of the brachistochrone—that is, the problem of determining the shape of the path of quickest descent between two points in ... More


The rise of mv2

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Galileo connected the distance of a body’s free fall with the increase in the square of the body’s speed. This experimental finding was later used by Huygens and then Leibniz to establish mv2 as an ... More


Equilibrium models and explanation

Lawrence A. Boland

in Equilibrium Models in Economics: Purposes and Critical Limitations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190274320
eISBN:
9780190274368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274320.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the explanatory purpose of building equilibrium models and the need to consider dynamics and disequilibria. It examines Marshall’s two ‘Principles’ of explanation, the ... More


The Parallelogram of Forces and the Autonomy of Statics

Marc Lange

in Because Without Cause: Non-Causal Explanations in Science and Mathematics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190269487
eISBN:
9780190269500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269487.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter concludes the account of “explanation by constraint,” an important variety of non-causal explanation. It shows how that account applies to the longstanding controversy regarding the ... More


The Rise of the Human Sciences

Christopher J. Berry

in Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I: Morals, Politics, Art, Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199560677
eISBN:
9780191761300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560677.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines a key focal characteristic of the Scottish Enlightenment, namely, its delineation of how a ‘science of man’ can inform and structure an account of ‘society’. The key ... More


Fluid Statics and Buoyancy

David Jon Furbish

in Fluid Physics in Geology: An Introduction to Fluid Motions on Earth’s Surface and Within its Crust

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195077018
eISBN:
9780197560358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195077018.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geophysics: Earth Sciences

Fluid statics concerns the behavior of fluids that possess no linear acceleration within a global (Earth) coordinate system. This includes fluids at rest as well as fluids possessing steady motion ... More


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