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Nasty and Brutish? an Empirical Assessment of the Violence Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates two hypotheses often used to support the claim that virtually everyone is better off in state society than they could reasonably expect to be in any stateless ... More


Are You Better Off Now Than You Were 12,000 Years Ago? An Empirical Assessment of the Hobbesian Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in ... More


Implications

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Earlier chapters of this book found that the Hobbesian hypothesis is false; the Lockean proviso is unfulfilled; contemporary states and property rights systems fail to meet the standard that social ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Government

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” in social contract theory by discussing how Thomas Hobbes introduced it. It defines the version of “the Lockean proviso” relevant to ... More


Hunting Illegals

Grégoire Chamayou and Steven Rendall

in Manhunts: A Philosophical History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151656
eISBN:
9781400842254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151656.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the hunt for illegals. It begins by considering stateless people, whose legal exclusion is no longer presented as punishment for a crime, but as a status, directly connected ... More


Introduction

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defines “the Hobbesian hypothesis” as the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone benefits from the state and/or the property rights system. The chapter previews the book’s ... More


Modern Political Philosophy and Prehistoric Anthropology: Some Preliminary Issues

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Because this book involves two very different academic disciplines, political philosophy and anthropology, some background about the relevant topics in each one is helpful. In this chapter, Section 1 ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Anthropology

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores how Hobbesian ideas affected the development of anthropology and how “the Hobbesian hypotheses” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property ... More


Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book shows how—despite significant equivocation—the most influential justifications of government and of private property rely on the seldom-questioned empirical premise that this book calls, ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Nineteenth-Century Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in any society ... More


John Locke and the Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Similar Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Private Property Rights

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that “the Lockean proviso” is fulfilled) in the natural rights justification of private property by discussing John Locke’s ... More


Conclusions

Suzanne E. Joseph

in Fertile Bonds: Bedouin Class, Kinship, and Gender in the Bekaa Valley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044613
eISBN:
9780813046389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044613.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The final chapter extrapolates from the Bedouin case study to draw broader conclusions about how reproductive inequalities are structured locally and across transnational boundaries. By taking up ... More


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