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Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ecologists now recognize that the dynamics of populations, communities, and ecosystems are strongly affected by adaptive individual behaviors. Yet until now, we have lacked effective and flexible ... More


Adaptive Individuals and Population Ecology

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of adaptive trade-off behaviors, which are common in natural systems and probably often important, as illustrated by the large body of research that has used ... More


Guidance for Using State-and Prediction-Based Theory

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines the guidance on using state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) to build models of populations and communities of adaptive individuals, detailing five steps unique to SPT. The ... More


Conclusions and Outlook

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter summarizes the key characteristics of the approach for modeling, studying, and understanding populations and communities of adaptive individuals described here, and outlines the lessons ... More


Introduction to State-and Prediction-Based Theory

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) and its use in individual-based models (IBMs). The fundamental concept of modern theory in behavioral ecology is that behavior acts ... More


A First Example: Forager Patch Selection

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter illustrates how to use state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) by applying it to an extremely simple model of how hypothetical foragers select among patches that differ in both food ... More


Example Three: Temporal Patterns in Limpet Foraging

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents a third example application of state- and prediction-based theory (SPT), again involving a behavior originally modeled via dynamic state variable modeling (DSVM). This example ... More


Building Model Credibility

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter assesses how state- and prediction-based theory (SPT), as a nontraditional approach to modeling adaptive behavior embedded in a nontraditional population modeling approach, faces a ... More


A Second Example: Vertical Migration and Reproductive Effort in Daphnia

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter demonstrates the application of state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) to a real biological system, but a system that has been simplified enough to also be addressed by dynamic state ... More


Example Four: Facultative Anadromy in Salmonid Fishes

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter offers a fourth example model, with the objective of (1) illustrating the application of state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) to a new kind of decision—a life history decision—in a ... More


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