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 Violence as a Force of Oppression

Ann E. Cudd

in Analyzing Oppression

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that violence is and has always been a crucial component in the origin and maintenance of oppression. It explores how violence and the threat of violence constrain the actions of ... More


Polarization and Party-Building in Zimbabwe

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter provides an account of opposition party formation and development in Zimbabwe from 1999 to 2008. It argues that the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) was able to maintain a strong and ... More


Introduction

Martha K. Hugginsv, Mika Haritos-Fatouros, and Philip G. Zimbardo

in Violence Workers: Police Torturers and Murderers Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520234468
eISBN:
9780520928916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234468.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter explains the theme and coverage of this book, which is about the role of policemen in Brazil as violence workers, torturers, and murderers, and explores how men from ... More


Fragmented Parties in Zambia and Kenya

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Chapter 8 examines opposition party development after the transition to multiparty politics in Zambia and Kenya. In Zambia, the mobilizing structures provided by labor allowed the opposition Movement ... More


In/security in Colombia: Writing Political Identities in the Democratic Security Policy

Josefina A. Echavarria

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079856
eISBN:
9781781702185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079856.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Based on geo- and biopolitical analyses, this book reconsiders how security policies and practices legitimate state and non-state violence in the Colombian conflict, and uses the case study of the ... More


Conclusion: Rivers of Memory

Macarena Gómez-Barris

in Where Memory Dwells: Culture and State Violence in Chile

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520255838
eISBN:
9780520942493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255838.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. One of the objectives of this book has been to draw out the complexities regarding issues of memory within post-dictatorship Chile, ... More


Spatial, ritual and representational aspects of public violence in Islamic societies (7th–19th centuries ce)

Christian Lange and Maribel Fierro

in Public Violence in Islamic Societies: Power, Discipline, and the Construction of the Public Sphere, 7th-19th Centuries CE

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637317
eISBN:
9780748653164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637317.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Violence as an element of historical relationships between Muslims and between Muslims and non-Muslims has been the object of scholarly work in the past. However, the role of violence in the ... More


State Violence

David L. Hoffmann

in Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism, 1914-1939

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801446290
eISBN:
9780801462832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801446290.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines excisionary violence as an attempt by Soviet officials to physically remove segments of the population deemed harmful to society in general. It first considers the origins of ... More


Where Memory Dwells: Culture and State Violence in Chile

Macarena Gomez-Barris

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520255838
eISBN:
9780520942493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255838.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

The 1973 military coup in Chile deposed the democratically elected Salvador Allende and installed a dictatorship that terrorized the country for almost twenty years. Subsequent efforts to come to ... More


The Specters of Citizenship: Hate Crimes and the Fear of the Repressed

Amy L. Brandzel

in Against Citizenship: The Violence of the Normative

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040030
eISBN:
9780252098239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040030.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines the violent maintenance of citizenship through the police state, and the uses of hate crime legislation to both name and disallow any recognition of this violence. The ... More


Reconstructing Atrocity

Martha K. Hugginsv, Mika Haritos-Fatouros, and Philip G. Zimbardo

in Violence Workers: Police Torturers and Murderers Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520234468
eISBN:
9780520928916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234468.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explains the theoretical and methodological questions associated with the objective of this book to reconstruct social memory about atrocity. It examines whether different styles of ... More


Technologies of Forgetting, State Socialism, and Potential Memories

Manduhai Buyandelger

in Tragic Spirits: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226086552
eISBN:
9780226013091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013091.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 2 discusses state-enforced forgetting during socialism and its persistence after socialism’s collapse. Repeated cycles of purging and rehabilitation blurred the boundaries between victims and ... More


State violence and the eliticide in Poland, 1935–49

Jan Pakulski

in Violence and the State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097027
eISBN:
9781526103987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097027.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

 An eliticide or ‘national ‘decapitation’ – a systematic and deliberate targeting and mass extermination of a nation’s ‘ruling minority’– is a form of organised and state-perpetrated mass violence ... More


Documenting Absence: Ghostly Screens Unsettle the Past

Macarena Gómez-Barris

in Where Memory Dwells: Culture and State Violence in Chile

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520255838
eISBN:
9780520942493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255838.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

In the aftermath of state violence, the social costs were not evenly distributed among female and male subjects. Documentaries by Patricio Guzmán (Chile, Obstinate Memory, 1997) and Silvio Caiozzi ... More


Introduction

Deepti Misri

in Beyond Partition: Gender, Violence, and Representation in Postcolonial India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038853
eISBN:
9780252096815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038853.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This introductory chapter describes a cultural history of violence associated with widely divergent ideas of India after 1947—an India post-British Raj, post-Partition, post-Independence, and ... More


From Revolutionary Violence to State Violence: the Fāṭimids (297–567/909–1171)

Yaacov Lev

in Public Violence in Islamic Societies: Power, Discipline, and the Construction of the Public Sphere, 7th-19th Centuries CE

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637317
eISBN:
9780748653164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637317.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter focuses on the Fātimids. It uses the Qādī al-Nu'mān's Iftitā al-da'wa wa-ibtidā' al-dawla which centres on the Fātimid state. The aim of this chapter is to provide perceptions of how the ... More


Introduction: Probing State-legitimacy in the Context of Violence

Santana Khanikar

in State, Violence, and Legitimacy in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199485550
eISBN:
9780199092031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199485550.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

How is it that nation-states running on democratic procedures like elections engage simultaneously in extreme forms of violence towards its own citizens? While introducing this question in this ... More


State violence and death politics in post-revolutionary Iran1

Makaremi Chowra

in Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719096020
eISBN:
9781781707876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In post-revolutionary Iran, the most important factor in the construction of the state apparatus has been a war waged against twin enemies: the war of "sacred defence" against Iraq (1980-1988), and ... More


In and Out of the Ineffable

Christen A. Smith

in Afro-Paradise: Blackness, Violence, and Performance in Brazil

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039935
eISBN:
9780252098093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039935.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter discusses the gendered impact of state violence on the black family. If Afro-paradise is the nation's disavowal of blackness—its celebration of black culture coupled with the imperative ... More


“A General Principle of Democracy”: Terror and Colonial Modernity

Eli Jelly-Schapiro

in Security and Terror: American Culture and the Long History of Colonial Modernity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520295377
eISBN:
9780520968158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295377.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

“Terror,” like “security,” is a keyword of contemporary political and economic order. This chapter denaturalizes the term’s latter-day resonance via an examination of its longer history within the ... More


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