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We Have a Firm Foundation

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Explores the generic foundations of political theory in the twentieth century. It sorts and analyses the overarching perceptions of the political theory, at a broad level of generality, during the ... More


On Theory and Experience in Democratization Studies

Laurence Whitehead

in Democratization: Theory and Experience

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This concluding chapter draws together the theoretical and methodological implications of viewing democratization as a long‐term, dynamic, and open‐ended process of social construction. This raises ... More


Political Theory

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Hume's political theory. Topics covered include power, social order, government, justificatory theories of the state, contractarianism, public-goods theories, shared-value ... More


Unmasking the ‘personality’ of the state—Max Weber, Staatsrechtslehre, and the modern state

Duncan Kelly

in The State of the Political: Conceptions of Politics and the State in the Thought of Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and Franz Neumann

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262870
eISBN:
9780191734892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262870.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Max Weber's rejection of an idea central to nineteenth-century Staatsrechtslehre. This is the notion that the state itself is a ‘personality’. After outlining some of the main ... More


The Household Economy

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Revisits welfare regimes through the analytical lens of the family, first making the point that modernization theory should not have been taken at face value, since even if history has, in general, ... More


Explaining Penal Regime Variation: Political Structures and Collective Agency

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter presents the theoretical basis for the study. It places the analysis in historical context, arguing that changes in American penal sanctioning were central to the remaking of American ... More


Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book deals with a central topic at the interface of chemistry and physics — the understanding of how the transformation of matter takes place at the atomic level. Building on the laws of ... More


The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Hydrogen bond (H-bond) effects are well known: it makes sea water liquid, joins cellulose microfibrils in sequoia trees, shapes DNA into chromosomes, and polypeptide chains into wool, hair, muscles, ... More


Perpetual Peace and Fichte’s Theory of the State

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter recounts how Fichte's theory of the state was profoundly shaped by his encounter with Rousseau, Sieyès, and Kant. Fichte developed a more radical version of the constitutional theory ... More


God and the World

Hussein Ali Abdulsater

in Shi'i Doctrine, Mu'tazili Theology: al-Sharif al-Murtada and Imami Discourse

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474404402
eISBN:
9781474434898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474404402.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explains the conceptual framework of Murtaḍā’s system by detailing his views of God and the natural world. It presents a discussion of the major epistemological tools needed to construct ... More


The Hot Big Bang

HELGE S. KRAGH

in Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209163
eISBN:
9780191706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the emergence and development of the Big Bang theory of the universe, from the mid 1940s to the late 1970s. George Gamow, a main figure in this development, developed an early ... More


 Institute for Physical Chemistry: 1923–1933

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

After establishing his credentials as a scientist, Polanyi was transferred to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry and was allowed to focus on reaction rates and ... More


The Standard Formulation Of Quantum Mechanics

Jeffrey Alan Barrett

in The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by discussing the foundations of Hugh Everett III's relative state theory, which he regards as a new, more general, and complete theory than the standard von Neumann–Dirac theory. ... More


Full Performance and Full Employment

John Hicks

in Capital and Time: A Neo-Austrian Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198772866
eISBN:
9780191596414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198772866.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter shows that we are on the way to a steady state theory, which is not substantially different from that which has become conventional. In the steady state, where the structure of the ... More


Bimolecular reactions, transition-state theory

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

in Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses an approximate approach — transition-state theory — to the calculation of rate constants for bimolecular reactions. A reaction coordinate is identified from a normal-mode ... More


Bukharin and the State

Neil Harding

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Bukharin's sociology of the state. As an orthodox Marxist, Bukharin regarded political structures and methods of management as neutral. They could be evaluated only in the ... More


OUTLINE OF A NOVEL TRANSITION-STATE H-BOND THEORY (TSHBT)

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Starting from the concepts of empirical law, model, and scientific theory, a H-bond theory is defined as the encoding of its empirical laws in terms of a more fundamental theory, F. Though both VB ... More


Introduction

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State: A Biography of Gujarat

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076933
eISBN:
9780199080908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

As India’s contemporary growth story occupies the international spotlight, this book sets out to investigate the political, social and developmental complexities of this process. For empirical depth, ... More


A Brief Introduction

Jeffrey Alan Barrett

in The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discuses two stock examples of quantum interference effects — the two-slit experiment and the Wigner's Stern–Gerlach experiment. It notes that each experiment shows the sort of quantum ... More


Cultural Beliefs And The Gendering Of Social Relations

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter first examines the nature and content of contemporary cultural beliefs about gender, as represented in widely known, culturally hegemonic gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes have ... More


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