## The State Spatial Process under Capitalism: A Framework for Analysis

*Neil Brenner*

### in New State Spaces: Urban Governance and the Rescaling of Statehood

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- October 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199270057
- eISBN:
- 9780191699450
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270057.003.0003
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter elaborates the theoretical foundations for the analysis of state rescaling and urban governance restructuring that will be developed in subsequent chapters. It introduces some initial ... More

## Maximum parsimony and the phylogenetic information in multistate characters

*Mike Steel and David Penny*

### in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199297306
- eISBN:
- 9780191713729
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0009
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter investigates some of the statistical issues that surround the maximum parsimony method, for example, the question of statistical consistency. Other questions of interest include when ... More

## Discrete State‐Space Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

*Craig Burnside*

### in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780199248278
- eISBN:
- 9780191596605
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199248273.003.0005
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

A number of numerical methods are discussed for solving dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models that fall within the common category of discrete state‐space methods. These methods can be ... More

## Dynamic Nelson-Siegel

*Francis X. Diebold and Glenn D. Rudebusch*

### in Yield Curve Modeling and Forecasting: The Dynamic Nelson-Siegel Approach

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691146805
- eISBN:
- 9781400845415
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691146805.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter starts with static in the cross section, then proceeds quickly to dynamic Nelson–Siegel modeling, with all its nuances and opportunities. Among other things, it emphasizes the model's ... More

## Dynamics in State Space: One and Two Dimensions

*Robert C. Hilborn*

### in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507239
- eISBN:
- 9780191709340
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The description of nonlinear behaviour using state space techniques is introduced in this chapter by examining systems with one or two dynamical variables, that is, the state spaces have one or two ... More

## Three-Dimensional State Space and Chaos

*Robert C. Hilborn*

### in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507239
- eISBN:
- 9780191709340
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter extends state space descriptions to systems with three (or more) dimensions. For systems described by differential equations, higher state space dimensions allow for more complex ... More

## Population Density Methods in Large-Scale Neural Network Modelling

*Daniel Tranchina*

### in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199235070
- eISBN:
- 9780191715778
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Biostatistics

Population density methods have a rich history in theoretical and computational neuroscience. In earlier years, these methods were used in large part to study the statistics of spike trains. Starting ... More

## Statistical Models of Spike Trains

*Liam Paninski, Emery N. Brown, Satish Iyengar, and Robert E. Kass*

### in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199235070
- eISBN:
- 9780191715778
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Biostatistics

Spiking neurons make inviting targets for analytical methods based on stochastic processes: spike trains carry information in their temporal patterning, yet they are often highly irregular across ... More

## 9 Time‐varying parameters and state space models

*Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger*

### in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- May 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199587148
- eISBN:
- 9780191595387
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0009
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Linear state space models have become popular in time series, and there are applications to many fields. The Kalman filter is often a fundamental tool. In this chapter it is shown that there are ... More

## New Perspectives on Time and Space

*William A. Richards and G. William Barnard*

### in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- May 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780231174060
- eISBN:
- 9780231540919
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Columbia University Press
- DOI:
- 10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0006
- Subject:
- Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter is written to highlight the category called Transcendence of Time and Space included in the definition of mystical consciousness.

## Three Chaotic Systems

*Robert C. Hilborn*

### in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507239
- eISBN:
- 9780191709340
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces chaotic behaviour by examining three systems — an electronic circuit, an iterated map model (the logistic map), and a set of differential equations (the Lorenz model) — and ... More

## Linear state space models

*J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman*

### in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199641178
- eISBN:
- 9780191774881
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter shows how structural time series models can be put into state space form. It puts Box-Jenkins ARIMA models into state space form, thus demonstrating that these models are special cases ... More

## Between Fixity and Motion: Scaling the Urban Fabric

*Neil Brenner*

### in New Urban Spaces: Urban Theory and the Scale Question

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- June 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780190627188
- eISBN:
- 9780190627201
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780190627188.003.0002
- Subject:
- Sociology, Social Theory, Urban and Rural Studies

In what sense are scales socially produced and politically contested? Beginning in the 1970s, radical geographers offered a series of innovative approaches to this question, connecting it ... More

## A Mixed-Filter Algorithm for Dynamically Tracking Learning from Multiple Behavioral and Neurophysiological Measures

*Todd P. Coleman, Marianna Yanike, Wendy A. Suzuki, and Emery N. Brown*

### in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780195393798
- eISBN:
- 9780199897049
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0001
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Learning is a dynamic process generally defined as a change in behavior as a result of experience. Behavioral performance is commonly measured with continuous variables (reaction times) as well as ... More

## Intermittency and Crises

*Robert C. Hilborn*

### in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507239
- eISBN:
- 9780191709340
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explores the transition from periodic behaviour to chaotic behaviour via intermittency when a system exhibits a mix of what appears to be regular behaviour and chaotic behaviour. State ... More

## Filtering, smoothing and forecasting

*J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman*

### in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199641178
- eISBN:
- 9780191774881
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter begins with a set of four lemmas from elementary multivariate regression which provides the essentials of the theory for the general linear state space model from both a classical and a ... More

## Introduction

*J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman*

### in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199641178
- eISBN:
- 9780191774881
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the main themes covered in the present book, namely linear Gaussian state space models and non-Gaussian and nonlinear state space models. It also ... More

## Memory, Paths, and Games

*Cristopher Moore and Stephan Mertens*

### in The Nature of Computation

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199233212
- eISBN:
- 9780191775079
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Both time and memory are limited resources in the real world, but a fundamental difference between the two is that the latter can be reused. The gap between determinism and nondeterministic ... More

## The Universality of Chaos

*Robert C. Hilborn*

### in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507239
- eISBN:
- 9780191709340
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The many universal features of nonlinear behaviour took the scientific and mathematics worlds by surprise. For the period-doubling route to chaotic behaviour, the famous Feigenbaum numbers provide ... More

## The Scales of Public Utility:: Agricultural Roads and State Space in the Era of the British Occupation

*Aaron George Jakes*

### in The Long 1890s in Egypt: Colonial Quiescence, Subterranean Resistance

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- May 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780748670123
- eISBN:
- 9781474405973
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Edinburgh University Press
- DOI:
- 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748670123.003.0003
- Subject:
- History, Middle East History

Histories of British rule in Egypt have long construed colonial public works projects simply in terms of the revenue they generated for debt repayment. This chapter focuses on one such project—the ... More