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Why Do Countries Privatize?

William Leon Megginson

in The Financial Economics of Privatization

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195150629
eISBN:
9780199835768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150627.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins by framing the theoretical debate about the legitimacy and efficiency of state ownership of business enterprises, and then examines the empirical evidence for and against state ... More


Social Sequence Analysis: Ownership Networks, Political Ties, and Foreign Investment in Hungary

David Stark and Balázs Vedres

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter poses a new agenda for the field of economic development, asking whether and how foreign investment is integrated into the local networks of host economies. It first presents the basic ... More


Privatization Industry Studies: Commercial Banking

William Leon Megginson

in The Financial Economics of Privatization

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195150629
eISBN:
9780199835768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150627.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines why governments are choosing to privatize state-owned banks (SOBs), how they are selling SOBs, and whether these sales have achieved the goals set by the divesting governments. ... More


Models for State Ownership on the Norwegian Continental Shelf

Ulf Hammer

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Since the early 1970s, state ownership has been an important element in the management of petroleum resources on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS). In recent years however, important developments ... More


The Scope of Privatization

William Leon Megginson

in The Financial Economics of Privatization

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195150629
eISBN:
9780199835768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150627.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the history of state ownership. It then charts the rise of privatization programs since these were first popularized by Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative ... More


Public and Private Rights to Natural Resources and Differences in their Protection?

Anita Rønne

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter analyses different entitlements to natural resources and the extent to which state ownership implies a different or less intensive regulation than where such ownership is not the case. ... More


Legal Models of Petroleum and Natural Gas Ownership in Brazilian Law

Yanko Marcius de Alencar Xavier

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The exploration and production of oil and gas in Brazil have been government monopolies for a considerable time. Under this model, these mineral resources belong to the government, and are to be used ... More


Privatization Industry Studies: Telecommunications

William Leon Megginson

in The Financial Economics of Privatization

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195150629
eISBN:
9780199835768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150627.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins with an overview of how state ownership of telecommunications evolved during the 20th century. It details the key regulatory issues governments face when privatizing its telecom ... More


Re-Regulating the Electricity and Gas Sector in the Netherlands: From Self-Regulation via State Regulation to Regulation via State Ownership

Martha M. Roggenkamp

in Regulating Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199299874
eISBN:
9780191714931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299874.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The energy liberalization process in the European Union (EU) has had a considerable impact on the electricity and gas sector in the Netherlands. The need to implement the EU energy directives has ... More


Industrial Policy and Factor Markets

Vijay Joshi and I. M. D. Little

in India's Economic Reforms, 1991-2001

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290780
eISBN:
9780191596506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290780.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Here, the focus is on the industrial sector of the economy. It examines India's trade regulations that inhibited foreign trade in the 1980s and the attempts to deregulate the economy. It details the ... More


Insecure Property Rights and Government Ownership of Firms

Yingyi Qian

in How Reform Worked in China: The Transition from Plan to Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262534246
eISBN:
9780262342728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534246.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We develop a theory of the ownership of firms in an environment without secure property rights against state encroachment. "Private ownership" leads to excessive revenue hiding and "state ownership" ... More


International Comparisons of Performance in National Networks in the Inter-War Period

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

During the inter-war years Britain resisted the Continental trend towards state ownership. Instead it founded public-interest monopoly corporations or left industry in the hands of private owners and ... More


Reasserting Control: The Regulation of Mass Culture

Corey Ross

in Media and the Making of Modern Germany: Mass Communications, Society, and Politics from the Empire to the Third Reich

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278213
eISBN:
9780191707933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278213.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers one major aspect of the heterogeneous responses of cultural and political elites to the rise of the media and burgeoning entertainment industry. It focuses on efforts, above ... More


Italian Banking, 1919–1936

Gianni Toniolo

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Examines the evolution of the Italian banking industry, with particular reference to the behaviour of the mixed (universal) banks, and to the relief operations that culminated in extensive state ... More


The Owners of the World’s Media

Eli M. Noam

in Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership around the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199987238
eISBN:
9780190210182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.003.0036
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines who owns the world’s major media companies. It identifies the major owners of media properties around the world. There are various types of ownership: public ownership; and ... More


Competition Policy, Regulatory Architecture, and Public Intervention in the Crisis

Xavier Vives

in Competition and Stability in Banking: The Role of Regulation and Competition Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171791
eISBN:
9781400880904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171791.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter examines the optimal design of the financial regulatory architecture and the relationship it should have with the competition policy authority. It first considers cases in the European ... More


Redefining Property Rights

Wu Jinglian, Ma Guochuan, Xiaofeng Hua, and Nancy Hearst

in Whither China?: Restarting the Reform Agenda

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190223151
eISBN:
9780190223182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

An important task in the transition to a market economy is to transform the ownership structure. In 1993, a document of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party declared that management ... More


Chinese Exceptionalism or New Global Varieties of State Capitalism

Aldo Musacchio and Sergio G. Lazzarini

in Regulating the Visible Hand?: The Institutional Implications of Chinese State Capitalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190250256
eISBN:
9780190250287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250256.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter compares state ownership of enterprises in China with that found in a variety of other countries. It focuses on both general patterns of state ownership and on the corporate governance ... More


The Role of the State in MENA Capital Markets

Ali Coskun, Serhat Cevikel, Zeynep Özçelik, and Vedat Akgiray

in Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198799870
eISBN:
9780191864704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799870.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, a common feature of corporate financial structures is that governments have always been majority owners of many commercial companies. This ... More


Spain

Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra

in Business Groups in the West: Origins, Evolution, and Resilience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717973
eISBN:
9780191787591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717973.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter studies the drivers of the transformation of business groups in Spain and complements the traditional drivers (weak institutions and a closed economy) with new ones (industry regulation ... More


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