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Authorizing Judgment: Consensual Government and the Politics of Probability

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter illustrates how Locke's Second Treatise can be read as a revolutionary call for subjects to employ this new notion of probable judgment. In order to teach his readers to be active, ... More


The Genealogy of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter traces the genealogy of the virtue of testimonial justice back to the State of Nature. Building on Bernard Williams' account of two basic ‘virtues of truth’, namely Accuracy and ... More


The City: Life in the Ousted Condition

Mark S. Cladis

in Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Explores analytically the very idea of the state of nature, the inevitability of the Fall, and the nature and origin of moral and physical evil. What is the purpose of Rousseau's state of nature: a ... More


Hobbes's Linguistic Turn

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Here, I examine and criticize the claim that Hobbes was a proto‐positivist precursor of the modern scientific study of politics. Against this view, I argue that Hobbes may be better viewed as a ... More


Life in a Republic: The Lessons of Philosophy

Susan James

in Spinoza on Philosophy, Religion, and Politics: The Theologico-Political Treatise

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698127
eISBN:
9780191740558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698127.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Living a religious life of the kind Spinoza has described is a theologico‐political enterprise, and depends on the existence of some sort of political community. Focusing on republics, the Treatise ... More


Locke's Travel Books

Barbara Arneil

in John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279679
eISBN:
9780191684296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279679.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There has been a great debate surrounding John Locke's state of nature as described in his Two Treatises of Government. Political theorists have demanded a coherent account of Locke's ambiguous ... More


Hobbes

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that principal claims of Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan are deliverances of a thought experiment in which we imagine away the existence of governmental authority and ask what the human ... More


Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

John Plamenatz

Mark Philp and Zbigniew Pelczynski (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199645060
eISBN:
9780191741616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book’s chapters present a series of lectures which John Plamenatz wrote but was unable to deliver in Cambridge in 1975. The chapters cover the political thought of Machiavelli, Hobbes, and ... More


Samuel Pufendorf

Richard Tuck

in The Rights of War and Peace: Political Thought and the International Order from Grotius to Kant

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248148
eISBN:
9780191697715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248148.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter suggests that Samuel Pufendorf is the real anomaly in the modern natural rights tradition, for he is the only writer generally associated with the tradition who asserts anything like a ... More


Obligation, Law, and Covenant I

Mark Philp and Z. A. Pelczynski

in Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199645060
eISBN:
9780191741616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hobbes is the first systematic attempt to explain how obligation and law are connected to man’s needs and interests. The central problem is to explain why men should keep covenants when they could ... More


Colonialism: Locke's Theory of Property

Barbara Arneil

in John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279679
eISBN:
9780191684296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279679.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Property lies at the heart of John Locke's Two Treatises of Government. The creation of property and its preservation constitute the foundation of the state of nature and civil society, respectively. ... More


Nature's Garden

Mark S. Cladis

in Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Focuses on life in the Garden, or in what philosophers commonly call the state of nature. Its inhabitants – Rousseau's Solitaires, the imaginary human species that inhabited the state of nature – ... More


Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

Edward Craig

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238799
eISBN:
9780191597237
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238797.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is an inquiry in epistemology directed at understanding the concept of knowledge. Its point of departure is that the standard philosophical project of analysing the concept of knowledge ... More


 Economic Republicanism

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Beginning in 1794, Bentley began to adopt the economic components of republicanism as well as the spiritual ones. In seeing merchants choose what he considered interest over commonwealth, Bentley for ... More


Colonialism and Natural Law

Barbara Arneil

in John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279679
eISBN:
9780191684296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279679.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

John Locke's state of nature, and more particularly his natural man, while derived empirically from the accounts of travellers to the Americas, were created within the tradition of natural law. ... More


Revisiting the Garden's Solitaires

Mark S. Cladis

in Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Explores in detail why neither happiness nor virtue can take root in Rousseau's account of the state of nature. The Solitaires are moral insofar as they do no harm (and hence they could be considered ... More


From the Garden to the Blessed Country: The Precarious Passage

Mark S. Cladis

in Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Charts the course of the Fall from the simple contentment, invulnerability, and innocence of the Garden to the complex gratifications, vulnerability, and corruption of the City. This is a story of ... More


Order Out of the Mud: Deadwood and the State of Nature

Paul A. Cantor

in The Invisible Hand in Popular Culture: Liberty vs. Authority in American Film and TV

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813140827
eISBN:
9780813141299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813140827.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Chapter Three analyzes the concept of “order without law” in David Milch's television series Deadwood. Set in a gold rush mining camp, the show investigates whether a community of self-interested ... More


Hobbes’s Political Philosophy I: Man and Morality

Devin Stauffer

in Hobbes's Kingdom of Light: A Study of the Foundations of Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226552903
eISBN:
9780226553061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553061.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter takes up the question of the relationship between Hobbes’s political philosophy and his natural philosophy, and it offers a detailed interpretation of his political philosophy. Through ... More


Rousseau’s Conception of Freedom

Mark Philp and Z. A. Pelczynski

in Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199645060
eISBN:
9780191741616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Plamenatz examines a range of different senses in which Rousseau uses the term freedom, drawing from across his works. While there are Hobbesian elements there are also commitments that Hobbes could ... More


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