Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 61 items

  • Keywords: state of affairs x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Representational Level

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

in Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter, the longest in the book, presents the Representational Level of FDG, which is a layered structure indicating the part-whole relations among semantic categories. After a discussion of ... More


Microrealization

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If physicalism is true, all property instances must be realized in microphysical states of affairs. Microphysical states of affairs will fall into types having causal profiles, and when a property ... More


A world of states of affairs

Jan Westerhoff

in Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199285044
eISBN:
9780191713699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285044.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the notion of a state of affairs as fundamentally primitive, which serves as a basis for the following discussion of ontological categories. It argues for the centrality of ... More


Ontological Categories and Categorial Schemes

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A realist approach to metaphysics and ontology is defended in the face of some antirealist tendencies in contemporary philosophical thought. The general notion of an ontological category is explained ... More


Individuals and properties in an ontology of states of affairs

Jan Westerhoff

in Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199285044
eISBN:
9780191713699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285044.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on a particularly important set of philosophical implications of the account of ontological categories. This account is fundamentally structuralist: it tries to get at ... More


Truthmakers

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that, if every truth has a truthmaker, then some of those truthmakers are states of affairs or, in other words, events or Russellian facts. Moreover, some of those truthmaking ... More


Negative Existentials

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that Truthmaker should not be scaled back to allow truths such as that hobbits do not exist to lack truthmakers. It argues that the best truthmaker for all such truths is a single ... More


Deflating the Challenge of Consequentialism

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many rationales are offered in support of the consequentialist theory of moral standards. This chapter harnesses the challenge to consequentialism mounted in prior chapters in order to demonstrate ... More


D. M. Armstrong and the Recovery of Ontology

Keith Campbell

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides an overview of the development of Armstrong’s metaphysics, with special reference to his contributions to Ontology proper, and to the place that ontology now commands in ... More


The genesis of secular modality

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the genesis of secular modal status as a sequence, though in this context being earlier only means being presupposed by what follows. The steps are: God thinks up secular states ... More


Beyond Consequentialism

Paul Hurley

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The focus of this book is consequentialism, the moral theory upon which an action is morally right just in case its performance leads to the best state of affairs. The theory can with some ... More


Lewis's Animadversions on the Truthmaker Principle

Fraser MacBride

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The early David Lewis was a staunch critic of the Truthmaker Principle. To endorse the principle, he argued, is to accept that states of affairs are truthmakers for contingent predications. But ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Alvin Plantinga

Matthew Davidson (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of my essays, dating from 1969, concerning the metaphysics of modality. The first two chapters are a defense of the idea of modality de re against criticisms from William ... More


The Confucianism as a Religion Controversy in Contemporary China

Anna Sun

in Confucianism as a World Religion: Contested Histories and Contemporary Realities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155579
eISBN:
9781400846085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155579.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the contemporary debate in China over whether Confucianism should be classified as a religion. It begins by introducing the formation of the official religious classification, ... More


Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

D. M. Armstrong

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book tries to present in brief compass a metaphysical system, matured (as is hoped) over many years. By metaphysics is understood an account of the fundamental categories of being, such notions ... More


Two Kinds of Intrinsic Goodness

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Two different kinds of intrinsic goodness are often conflated. A state of affairs can be intrinsically good (e.g. the virtuous being happy), but certain things can be intrinsically good for a person, ... More


Metaphysical Realism and the Unity of Truth

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A connection between metaphysical realism and the idea that truth is single and indivisible (alethic monism) is proposed. It is argued that propositions are the primary bearers of truth and truth ... More


A Prolegomenon to the Issue of Causal Relata

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter seeks to lay out a taxonomy of the sorts of things that may plausibly be thought to be related by causation, things like events, facts, states of affairs, objects, persons, tropes, ... More


Kant's Refutation of Idealism

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter first reconstructs and criticizes the version of the Refutation of Idealism that Kant offers in the Critique. Next, it reconstructs and defends an improved version of the Refutation, ... More


States of Affairs

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that the fundamental realities that constitute the world and are capable of independent existence are states of affairs (Russell and Wittgenstein's ‘facts’). They are particulars ... More


View: