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How the Euro‐Zone Operates: ‘Hollowing Out’ Or Rescue of the European State?

Kenneth Dyson

in The Politics of the Euro-Zone: Stability or Breakdown?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241651
eISBN:
9780191599118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241651.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter assesses and compares the ‘governance’ and ‘state‐centric’ models of interaction between member states and the operation of the Euro‐zone. The ‘governance’ model overemphasizes the ... More


Nations Without States: The Accommodation of Nationalism in the New State Order

Michael Keating

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nationalism has historically been associated with the state and state‐building. Yet in a world in which the state is in many respects weakened, penetrated by transnational and sectoral interests, ... More


Cause Lawyers, Clients, and the State: Congress as a Forum for Cause Lawyering during the Enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act

Neta Ziv

in Cause Lawyering and the State in a Global Era

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195141177
eISBN:
9780199871391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195141172.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on cause lawyering in Congress. Its subject is the group of advocates representing disabled persons during the enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (A.D.A. between ... More


Statistical Models of Spike Trains

Liam Paninski, Emery N. Brown, Satish Iyengar, and Robert E. Kass

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

Spiking neurons make inviting targets for analytical methods based on stochastic processes: spike trains carry information in their temporal patterning, yet they are often highly irregular across ... More


“This Fundamental Problem”: MacArthur Saves Hirohito

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes how MacArthur in late 1945 and early 1946 saved Hirohito from trial as a war criminal. Contacted by imperial advisers, MacArthur became convinced that Hirohito would cooperate in ... More


Finite-state models

Thomas D. Wickens

in Elementary Signal Detection Theory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195092509
eISBN:
9780199893812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the other chapters, the information an observer gets from a stimulus is a numerical variable. The models in this chapter allow only a finite number of states, usually just two. The ... More


Church, State, and Democracy in Expanding Europe

Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195337105
eISBN:
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337105.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book studies the relationship between religion and politics in ten former communist Eastern European countries. Challenging widespread theories of increasing secularization, this book argues ... More


Finite‐Difference Methods for Continuous‐Time Dynamic Programming

Graham V. Candler

in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Introduces some of the methods and underlying ideas behind computational fluid dynamics—in particular, the use is discussed of finite‐difference methods for the simulation of dynamic economies. A ... More


Make or buy? Principal-agent theory and the regulation of private military companies

James Cockayne

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the diversity of both the industry and its clients and the resulting variety of potential costs in the case of misconduct. Drawing on insights from principal-agent theory in ... More


The Scope, Sources, and Systems of Religion Law

Norman Doe

in Law and Religion in Europe: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604005
eISBN:
9780191729331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604005.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Comparative Law

This chapter identifies the sources of law and other regulatory instruments used by States to regulate religion at both the constitutional and the sub-constitutional level as well as the religious ... More


Preferences, Risk, and Stochastic Dominance

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Focuses on preferences, attitude to risk and the ranking of risky returns. The state space model is discussed and related to risk aversion. First, second, and higher order stochastic dominance ... More


A Mixed-Filter Algorithm for Dynamically Tracking Learning from Multiple Behavioral and Neurophysiological Measures

Todd P. Coleman, Marianna Yanike, Wendy A. Suzuki, and Emery N. Brown

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Learning is a dynamic process generally defined as a change in behavior as a result of experience. Behavioral performance is commonly measured with continuous variables (reaction times) as well as ... More


Interdisciplinary Foundations of European Administrative Law

Herwig C.H. Hofmann, Gerard C. Rowe, and Alexander H. TÜrk

in Administrative Law and Policy of the European Union

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199286485
eISBN:
9780191730894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286485.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with a selection of interdisciplinary factors which contribute to an understanding of the relationships within and rationales of European administrative law. The first section ... More


Incoherent quasielastic neutron scattering

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In the case of spatially limited jump diffusion, the incoherent scattering function consists of an elastic and a quasielastic part, and the fraction of elastic intensity is called the incoherent ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This concluding chapter briefly reviews elements of the book and suggests ways the emergence model might benefit future research. Comparison of Hawaiian primary states with an array of Polynesian ... More


Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece

Roger Brock and Stephen Hodkinson (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258109
eISBN:
9780191717697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258109.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

In 1993 the world celebrated the 2500th anniversary of the birth of democracy in ancient Athens, whose polis — or citizen state — is often viewed as the model ancient Greek state. In an age when ... More


Turning a DSGE Model into a Bayesian Model

Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide

in Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161082
eISBN:
9781400873739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter considers the turning of DSGE models into Bayesian versions by specifying a probability distribution for the innovations of the exogenous shock processes. There exists a wide variety of ... More


Can the East Asian Developmental State be Replicated? The Case of Malaysia

Jeff Tan

in Development Models in Muslim Contexts: Chinese, 'Islamic' and Neo-liberal Alternatives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639687
eISBN:
9780748653171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639687.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter aims to explain Malaysia's industrialisation in terms of the East Asian developmental state model. This ‘model’ refers to a developmental state marked by the capacity to manage the ... More


Local level model

J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman

in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199641178
eISBN:
9780191774881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the basic techniques of state space analysis — such as filtering, smoothing, initialization, and forecasting — in terms of a simple example of a state space model, the local ... More


Filtering, smoothing and forecasting

J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman

in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199641178
eISBN:
9780191774881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter begins with a set of four lemmas from elementary multivariate regression which provides the essentials of the theory for the general linear state space model from both a classical and a ... More


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