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Education: America

Emily Zackin

in Looking for Rights in All the Wrong Places: Why State Constitutions Contain America's Positive Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155777
eISBN:
9781400846276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155777.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the campaigns to add education rights to state constitutions, with particular emphasis on how the common school movement was able to establish the states' constitutional duty to ... More


How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures

Tracy L. Osborn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845347
eISBN:
9780199949397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures, Tracy Osborn examines two avenues through which political parties fundamentally affect how women ... More


Workers’ Rights: Constitutional Protections Where (and When) We Would Least Expect Them

Emily Zackin

in Looking for Rights in All the Wrong Places: Why State Constitutions Contain America's Positive Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155777
eISBN:
9781400846276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155777.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the campaigns to add labor rights to state constitutions. The quintessential arguments about America's exceptional liberalism and its uniquely negative-rights culture have ... More


Democracy and Its Institutions

André Béteille

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Democracy was inspired by the lofty ideals of the French Revolution: liberty, equality, and fraternity. These ideals led many countries to challenge the absolutist monarchies of the past. In Europe, ... More


Legal Initial Conditions

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

THIS CHAPTER EXAMINES colonial legal systems and their effects on the balance of power between the state legislature and the state high court. It argues that the balance of power is important because ... More


The Costs of Government

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Presents the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, with this chapter looking closely at Antifederalist objections to the federal fiscal powers ... More


The State Legislative Branch

Robert F. Williams

in The Law of American State Constitutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195343083
eISBN:
9780199866960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343083.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the fact that state constitutions create a legislative branch that is substantially different from the federal Congress. Most importantly, state legislatures exercise reserved, ... More


A Theory of Indirect Election

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the indirect elections of U.S. senators in state legislatures within a broader theoretical framework of how parties interact with institutional and electoral settings to affect ... More


Party as Gatekeeper: Canvass, Convention, and Caucus as Nomination Mechanisms

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the role of the party as a gatekeeper to running for U.S. Senate and delves more deeply into the role of the political party as an organization in the state legislature. It ... More


Introduction

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine the dynamics of indirect elections and assess the consequences of the switch to direct elections with the adoption of the ... More


Legislatures and Courts

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter furthers the previous chapter's discussion by examining how colonial legal origin and political competition have shaped the funding of state courts. State judicial budgets are set by the ... More


Institutions and Outcomes

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter summarizes this volume's main findings with respect to persistence and mechanisms, examines the effect of state political and legal institutions on per capita income, and discusses ... More


Can Organizational Mechanisms Solve Minority Group Coordination Problems? Logic, Lessons, and Evidence from Legislative Caucuses in the American States

Kristin Kanthak and George A. Krause

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the use of legislative member organizations, or caucuses, as catalysts for the type of coordination that was shown in the previous chapter to be beneficial for minority group ... More


Examining Party Identity and Institutional Partisanship

Tracy L. Osborn

in How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845347
eISBN:
9780199949397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 3 describes the comparative design and data used in this book to test these two party effects. The first data source, the National Political Awareness Test (NPAT) from Project Vote Smart, ... More


The Policy Backlash

Marisa Abrajano and Zoltan L. Hajnal

in White Backlash: Immigration, Race, and American Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164434
eISBN:
9781400866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164434.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the implications of white backlash for the policy decisions of state legislatures, focusing on five policy areas: health care, criminal justice, education, taxation, and ... More


Public Opinion in the States: Determinants of Legislative Job Performance

John A. Hamman

in Public Opinion in State Politics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753005
eISBN:
9780804767972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753005.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter investigates state-level opinion on determinants of legislative job performance. It analyzes the relation between legislative professionalism and job performance and the results ... More


The Institutions of Democracy

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the ideals of democracy and the actual operation of its institutions in India, focusing on those political institutions that began to emerge from the middle of the nineteenth ... More


Redefining State Responsibility in Education

in School, Society, & State: A New Education to Govern Modern America, 1890 – 1940

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226772097
eISBN:
9780226772127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226772127.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During the National Education Association's Department of Superintendence meeting in 1918 to discuss “centralizing tendencies in educational administration,” Payson Smith, state superintendent of ... More


Reapportionment:: Giving Clark Some Company

Chris Danielson

in After Freedom Summer: How Race Realigned Mississippi Politics, 1965-1986

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037387
eISBN:
9780813042350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037387.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the fourteen-year legal battle to create single-member districts in the state legislature and aid black candidates. When the MFDP began its lawsuit in 1965, Mississippi used ... More


Selecting U.S. Senators

David Brian Robertson

in The Original Compromise: What the Constitution’s Framers Were Really Thinking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199796298
eISBN:
9780199979707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796298.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The delegates viewed the U.S. Senate as a small body of leaders who could stop the unruly democratic urges of the House of Representatives. Representation in the Senate became the principle political ... More


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