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The Past and the Future of State Power in Africa Revised for the New Paperback Edition

Jeffrey Herbst

in States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164137
eISBN:
9781400852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164137.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the patterns of state consolidation in Africa over the last several hundred years. A review of the trajectories of states is valuable because many of the fundamental features of ... More


Weak Links: Fragile States, Global Threats, and International Security

Stewart Patrick

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751501
eISBN:
9780199895366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751501.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Conventional wisdom among policymakers in both the US and Europe holds that weak and failing states are the source of the world's most pressing security threats today. The international community's ... More


Introduction: Weak States, Global Threats, and International Security

Patrick Stewart

in Weak Links: Fragile States, Global Threats, and International Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751501
eISBN:
9780199895366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751501.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the emerging consensus that weak and failing states pose the biggest threats to the US and international security. It then sets out the purpose ... More


Weak States and Humanitarian Emergencies: Failure, Predation, and Rent-Seeking

RAIMO VÄYRYNEN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Complex humanitarian emergencies are always assumed to be the end results of impersonal forces – such as economic stagnation, political decay, and natural disasters – which bring the nation to the ... More


Aid to Fragile States: Do Donors Help or Hinder?

Stephen Browne

in Foreign Aid for Development: Issues, Challenges, and the New Agenda

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580934
eISBN:
9780191723346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580934.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The record of aid to fragile and poorly-performing states is the real test of aid effectiveness. Rich countries can justify aid to fragile states both through altruism and self-interest. But, with ... More


Fragile States: An Overview

Wim Naudé, Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, and Mark McGillivray

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

One of the major challenges of global development is to identify when states are fragile, understand in which dimensions they are fragile and why, and determine the costs of such state fragility as ... More


States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control

Jeffrey Herbst

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164137
eISBN:
9781400852321
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164137.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Theories of international relations, assumed to be universally applicable, have failed to explain the creation of states in Africa. There, the interaction of power and space is dramatically different ... More


War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Civil wars in developing countries are amongst the most significant sources of human suffering in the world today. Although there are many political analyses of these emergencies, this text studies ... More


Conclusion

Sheilagh Ogilvie

in The European Guilds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691137544
eISBN:
9780691185101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137544.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter argues that guilds did redistribute resources to their members at the expense of everyone else; they did not generate countervailing benefits by solving failures in markets ... More


State Failure

Paul D. Miller

in Armed State Building: Confronting State Failure, 1898-2012

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451492
eISBN:
9780801469541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451492.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter studies the literature on failed states in order to create a definition of a failed state. States can fail along any of the five aspects of statehood, resulting in five types of state ... More


Quality Regulation

Sheilagh Ogilvie

in The European Guilds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691137544
eISBN:
9780691185101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137544.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines one major market failure that guilds might have helped solve: the potential for information asymmetries between producers and consumers about the quality of goods and services. ... More


State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Lawrence P. Markowitz

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

State failure is a central challenge to international peace and security in the post-Cold War era. Yet theorizing on the causes of state failure remains surprisingly limited. This book draws on ... More


Introduction

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This introductory chapter advances a theory of state failure that explains the cohesion and fragmentation of security institutions as a consequence of resource rents, which critically influence how ... More


Five State-Building Case Studies

Paul D. Miller

in Armed State Building: Confronting State Failure, 1898-2012

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451492
eISBN:
9780801469541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451492.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines five cases of state building: West Germany (1945–55), Nicaragua (1989–92), Liberia (1993–97), Sierra Leone (1999–2006), and Afghanistan (2001–10). These five cases indicate a ... More


Iraq: From Rentier State to Failed State

Rolf Schwarz

in War and State Building in the Middle East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037929
eISBN:
9780813042138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037929.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter looks at the history of the Iraqi state. Much of independent Iraq's history of state making (1958–80) followed the rentier-state paradigm until the onset of the Iran–Iraq War in 1980; ... More


Weak and Failed States in Comparative Perspective

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter extends the study to the population of approximately forty weak states whose economies are defined by low capital mobility. It illustrates the impacts of resources, patronage, and local ... More


Conclusion

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This concluding chapter discusses how understanding the distinct patterns of state failure in weak states with immobile capital can inform our study of regime change, ethnic violence, and security ... More


Rethinking the Resource Curse

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter lays out the theoretical framework for comparing weak states with immobile capital. The framework introduces the variables that structure rent-seeking, and specifies the mechanisms of ... More


Pathways to Failure: Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter describes the transformations of state security apparatuses in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It examines how the Soviet Union's collapse set in motion the cooptation and competition of ... More


Conclusion: Imperial Apocalypse

Joshua Sanborn

in Imperial Apocalypse: The Great War and the Destruction of the Russian Empire

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199642052
eISBN:
9780191774492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642052.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter begins with an account of the early phases of the Russian Civil War, ending at the moment in August 1918 when the Bolsheviks surrendered Kazan. Russia was reduced to a small rump state ... More


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