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Introduction

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is argued that existing theories and accounts of change in state bureaucracies — which centre mainly on bureaucracy and changing role perceptions — are of little help in understanding how the ... More


Township Governments as Brokers of Power and Property

You‐tien Hsing

in The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199568048
eISBN:
9780191721632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568048.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Chapter 6 moves to the third type of place examined in this book, the rural edge of the metropolitan region, where the influence of the metropolitan government gives way to ... More


Building Effective Bureaucracies and Promoting Democracy in Kosovo

Elton Skendaj

in Creating Kosovo: International Oversight and the Making of Ethical Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452949
eISBN:
9780801470189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452949.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses the role of international interventions in building state bureaucracies and democracy. The crucial factor that linked international insulation to bureaucratic effectiveness was ... More


The Welfare System: Interaction Between Officials and Clients

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

Welfare assistance reflects a crucial aspect of low-income life: interaction with government institutions. Attitudes and roles fostered by the public assistance program indicate the constraining ... More


Introduction: Patchwork Leviathans

Erin Metz McDonnell

in Patchwork Leviathan: Pockets of Bureaucratic Effectiveness in Developing States

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691197364
eISBN:
9780691200064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197364.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This introductory chapter goes beyond the stereotypical image of dysfunctional public service to argue that many seemingly weak state “leviathans” are instead patchworked. What this means is that ... More


Institutional Change and the Role of Early Nineteenth-Century Prussian-German Reforms

Richard H. Tilly and Michael Kopsidis

in From Old Regime to Industrial State: A History of German Industrialization from the Eighteenth Century to World War I

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226725437
eISBN:
9780226725574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226725574.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 4 describes the comprehensive liberal reform programs that were implemented in all German states in the early nineteenth century in response to challenges created by the French Revolution. ... More


Public Things: Democracy in Disrepair

Bonnie Honig

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823276400
eISBN:
9780823277063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276400.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In the contemporary world of neoliberalism, efficiency is treated as the vehicle of political and economic health. State bureaucracy, but not corporate bureaucracy, is seen as inefficient, and ... More


The Justice of Venice: Authorities and Liberties in the Urban Economy, 1550-1700

James E Shaw

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263778
eISBN:
9780191734823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263778.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The rulers of Venice prided themselves on their unique brand of justice, which was a source of both ridicule and admiration for foreign commentators. This book uncovers what this special justice ... More


Origins of Democratic Rule

David Stasavage

in The Decline and Rise of Democracy: A Global History from Antiquity to Today

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691177465
eISBN:
9780691201955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177465.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the culmination of democracy in the establishment of political systems based on competitive elections and universal suffrage. The chapter explores the early forms of democracy ... More


Cole Blease’s Pardoning Pen: State Power and Penal Reform in South Carolina

Amy Louise Wood

in Crime and Punishment in the Jim Crow South

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042409
eISBN:
9780252051241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042409.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

examines prison reform efforts in South Carolina under the governorship of Cole Blease in the 1910s to argue that Progressive-era prison reform played out in distinct ways in the South due to the ... More


Glasnost Unleashed: Language Ideologies in the Gorbachev Revolution

Michael S. Gorham

in After Newspeak: Language Culture and Politics in Russia from Gorbachev to Putin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452628
eISBN:
9780801470578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452628.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter looks at the concept of “glasnost” in the Gorbachev era, noting how its ambiguity both ensured the success of the policy and served as a rhetorical flash point in the battle between ... More


The Lure of Bureaucracy: British Administration of Islamic Law in the Straits Settlements

Nurfadzilah Yahaya

in Fluid Jurisdictions: Colonial Law and Arabs in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501750878
eISBN:
9781501750892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750878.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter evaluates how the Arab elite in Southeast Asia played an outsized role in the development of Islamic law in the British Straits Settlements (Penang, Malacca, and Singapore) and, to a ... More


U.S. Army Engineers and the Rise of Cost-Benefit Analysis

Theodore M. Porter

in Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208411
eISBN:
9780691210544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208411.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the history of cost–benefit analysis in the United States bureaucracy from the 1920s until about 1960. It is not a story of academic research, but of political pressure and ... More


Merchants and Their Families in the Confederacy, 1861–1863

Frank J. Byrne

in Becoming Bourgeois: Merchant Culture in the South, 1820-1865

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124049
eISBN:
9780813134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124049.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the condition of merchants and their families in the Confederate South during the period from 1861 to 1863. It explains that the effect of the American Civil War on the southern ... More


Weak States Inherited Democracy

David Stasavage

in The Decline and Rise of Democracy: A Global History from Antiquity to Today

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691177465
eISBN:
9780691201955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177465.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that early democracy was more likely to prevail when rulers were uncertain about production, when people found it easy to exit, and when rulers needed their people more than their ... More


Unravelling of Keating’s plans (1976–99)

Amanda Slevin

in Gas, Oil and the Irish State: Understanding the Dynamics and Conflicts of Hydrocarbon Management

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784992743
eISBN:
9781526115355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992743.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Keating's terms were introduced at a time when interest in North West Europe's hydrocarbon potential was at its peak due to large discoveries in the North Sea. Consequently, some politicians, oil ... More


Constructing a Region of Christian Free Enterprise

Elizabeth Fones-Wolf and Ken Fones-Wolf

in Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar South: White Evangelical Protestants and Operation Dixie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039034
eISBN:
9780252097003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039034.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces the emergence of a Christian free enterprise vision for the South at the end of the war. For evangelical businessmen, the region seemed a new promised land for growth and ... More


How Democracy Disappeared in the Islamic World

David Stasavage

in The Decline and Rise of Democracy: A Global History from Antiquity to Today

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691177465
eISBN:
9780691201955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177465.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter assesses the compatibility of Islam with democracy and points out why modern democracy has a very weak track record in the Middle East. It explores the deep roots of governance in the ... More


Welfare as Charity

in Measuring Up: A History of Living Standards in Mexico, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804773164
eISBN:
9780804782852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804773164.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the history of welfare as charity provision in Mexico. It shows how the state authorities were blinded by their anticlerical animosities and forced the Catholic Church to sell ... More


Overview and Final Conclusions

in Measuring Up: A History of Living Standards in Mexico, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804773164
eISBN:
9780804782852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804773164.003.0009
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the history of living standards in Mexico during the period from 1850 to 1950. It discusses the reasons for the continuing inequality in health ... More


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